Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
The Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 is a UK
Act of Parliamentwhich regulates the operation of trade unions and industrial action, and governs relations between employers and unions. Many of the provisions of the Act already existed, as it earlier legislation. The act applies in full in England and Walesand in Scotland, and partially in Northern Ireland.
The provisions of the act include::* Banning agreements or terms in employment contracts which require, prohibit, or discriminate on the basis of union membership (i.e. requiring
open shops);:* Appearing to require unions to operate democratically in senior appointments and finance. Democracy only applies among the self-elected, though, as branch elections are not covered by the act and candidates for senior jobs may exclusively be nominated by branches. Branches do not have to be small, local or linked to one employer.;:* Protecting workers taking part in industrial action, including picketers who are acting in connection with an industrial disputeat or near their workplace who are using their picketing to peacefully obtain or communicate information or peacefully persuading any person to work or abstain from working; [ [http://www.yourrights.org.uk/your-rights/chapters/the-right-of-peaceful-protest/picketing/picketing.shtml Picketing] , The Liberty guide to human rights, 11 January 2005, Liberty] however:* Industrial action is not protected as mentioned above if it has not first been approved in a secret ballotby over half of a union's members at a workplace;:* Banning secondary strikes; and:* Controlling collective bargainingagreements the Employment Relations Act 1999 brought in compuslary recognition for collective bargaining purposes of unions representing over half of employees or particular groups of employees in a workplace. [ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1999/19990026.htm Employment Relations Act 1999] 1999 c.26] )
Most court cases under the Act are handled by the
employment tribunal; however, the act does create criminal offences relating to industrial action which is likely to endanger human life or cause serious bodily injury, and intimidation, which are handled by the criminal courts.
There are some types of employment which are exempted form all or part of the Acts, including the Armed forces, Police,
sailors, and those employed abroad.
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1992/Ukpga_19920052_en_1.htm Text of the Act]
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