Tupolev Tu-124

infobox Aircraft
name =Tu-124
type =Airliner
manufacturer =Tupolev OKB




caption =ČSA Tu-124
designer =
first flight = 29 March 1960
introduced = 2 October 1962
retired =
status = Retired
primary user =Aeroflot
more users =ČSA
produced =
number built = 165
unit cost =
developed from = Tupolev Tu-104
variants with their own articles = Tupolev Tu-134
The Tupolev Tu-124 (NATO codename: Cookpot) was a Soviet short range twinjet airliner capable of carrying 56 passengers.

Design and development

Developed from the medium-range Tupolev Tu-104, the Tu-124 was meant to meet Aeroflot's requirement for a regional airliner to supersede the Ilyushin Il-14. It was very similar to the Tu-104 (merely a scaled-down version). The two were hard to tell apart when seen at a distance. It was not a complete copy of the Tu-104, however. The Tu-124 included a number of refinements, including double-slotted flaps, a large centre-section airbrake, automatic spoilers, and the extension of the wings' trailing edge roots. It also included a drogue parachute to be used in the event of an emergency landing or landing on a slippery surface and low pressure tires in the event of a rough landing surface. It also boosted fuel efficiency, being the first short-range aircraft fitted with turbofans.

Competition with COMECON

DDR competed within COMECON trading block with a four-engined design called Baade B-152 the design was halted and Interflug bought Tu-124 instead.

Variants

;Tu-124/Tu-124V:The first production variant. The international demand for it was small, because most foreign airlines were waiting to buy the improved Tupolev Tu-134.;Tu-124K/Tu-124K2:These were the VIP configuration. They were operated by the militaries of Iraq and China, and by the Indian Air Force.;Tu-124Sh-1:Military version used as navigator trainers.;Tu-124Sh-2::Military version used as navigator trainers.

Operators

Civil operators

;CZS
*CSA;DDR
*Interflug;flag|Iraq|1963
*Iraqi Airways;USSR
*Aeroflot

Military operators

;PRC
*People's Liberation Army Air Force;CZS
*Czechoslovakian Air Force;DDR
*East German Air Force;IND
*Indian Air Force;flag|Iraq|1963
*Iraqi Air Force;USSR
*Soviet Air Force

Specifications (Tu-124V)

aircraft specifications
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=jet
ref=
crew=three
capacity=56 passengers
payload main=
payload alt=
length main= 30.58 m
length alt= 100 ft 4 in
span main= 25.55 m
span alt= 83 ft 10 in
height main= 8.08 m
height alt= 26 ft 6 in
area main= 119 m²
area alt= 1,280 ft²
airfoil=
empty weight main= 22,500 kg
empty weight alt= 49,500 lb
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
useful load main= 30,000 kg
useful load alt= 67,000 lb
max takeoff weight main= 38,000 kg
max takeoff weight alt= 84,000 lb
more general=
engine (jet)=Soloviev D-20P
type of jet=turbofans
number of jets=2
thrust main= 52.9 kN
thrust alt= 11,900 lbf
thrust original=
afterburning thrust main=
afterburning thrust alt=
max speed main= 490 kt
max speed alt= 907 km/h / 564 mph
cruise speed main=
cruise speed alt=
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 1,100 nm
range alt= 2,100 km / 1,300 sm
ceiling main= 11,600 m
ceiling alt= 38,100 ft
climb rate main= 1,000 m/min
climb rate alt= 3,300 ft/min
loading main=250 kg/m²
loading alt=52 lb/ft²
thrust/weight= 0.71
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=
armament=
avionics=

ee also

aircontent
related=
Tu-16 -
Tu-104 -
Tu-107 -
Tu-110
similar aircraft=
* BAC One-Eleven
* Sud Aviation Caravelle
sequence=
lists=
List of airliners
see also=

References


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