Mauritian Creole people

Mauritian Creole people are the people of African and Malagasy origin who live in Mauritius. However, the Creole people today also includes minorities of people that have both African and Malagasy origins with Indian, Chinese, French and/or British backgrounds.



Brought in as slaves to work the plantations of Mauritius (as well as Réunion and Seychelles), the slaves were Malagasy or East-African and were brought mostly from Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zambia.

Creoles today

The Creoles and the Indo-Mauritians form the largest ethnic groups in Mauritius. They are divided into two main groups in Mauritius (which are not exclusive but were used very often in the past): Mulattos and Blacks. Among the community, there is much multiracial variances, from dark-skinned Creoles to near-white ones. Hindus and Creoles have identified with opposing political parties and groups.

The political competition between these two ethnic groups has continued for decades, starting from Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and Gaëtan Duval in 1960s and 1970s, passing through Sir Anerood Jugnauth and Paul Bérenger in the 1980s and 1990s, and lastly between Navin Ramgoolam and Paul Bérenger in the 2000s. The demographics and population of Hindu well settled throughout the country always maintain their position and the Hindu-dominated parties always win. Ramgoolam and Jugnauth are the two Hindu clans that have been in power since independence. Bérenger and Duval are the two Creoles who have fought for the Christian electorate; they have been allied with the Labour party or MSM in order to be able to gain positions in government.

Despite the rivalry between the two ethnic groups (Indian origin people and Creoles), both sides live peacefully beside each other. The main struggle is to be the most well set community within the Island. Both groups encourage their children to perform well at school and the adults work hard to improve the quality of their lives. The groups generally agree on issues of national priority. For example, Dr Navin Ramgoolam (Indian origin PM) worked hard to have 'LE MORNE' designated as a World Heritage sites, as the LE MORNE site is important to both the Creole community and Mauritians in general. The friendship and unity of the two groups is also seen when Mauritian athletes compete at international level for the country.

Demographical factors

The majority of Creoles are Christian (mostly Catholic with Protestant minorities including Seventh-day Adventists). Recently, influences from other communities of African origin, particularly the Caribbean, have influenced a significant number of Mauritians to become Rastafarian. There is also a non-religious minority as well as some Islamic converts. The language spoken at home for the majority of Creoles is Mauritian Creole; most also speak French but few speak English.

See also

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mauritian Creole — ▪ language also called  Morisyen        French based vernacular language spoken in Mauritius, a small island in the southwestern Indian Ocean, about 500 miles (800 km) east of Madagascar. The language developed in the 18th century from contact… …   Universalium

  • Creole — may refer to: Languages A Creole language is a stable, full fledged language that originated from a pidgin or combination of other languages. Creole languages subgroups may include: Arabic based creole languages Dutch based creole languages… …   Wikipedia

  • Creole peoples — This article is about the peoples. For the languages, see Creole languages. For other meanings, see Creole (disambiguation). The term Creole and its cognates in other languages such as crioulo, criollo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kreol,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritian — may refer to: Something of, from, or related to Mauritius, an island nation off the coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 kilometres (560 mi) east of Madagascar A person from Mauritius, or of Mauritian descent.… …   Wikipedia

  • creole languages — ▪ linguistics Introduction       vernacular languages that developed in colonial European plantation settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries as a result of contact between groups that spoke mutually unintelligible languages. Creole languages… …   Universalium

  • Mauritian British — group = Mauritian British Anglais mauriciens flagicon|Mauritius flagicon|UK caption = poptime = 27,078 Mauritian Born (2001) [ Place of birth data collated by OECD based on 2001 UK Census] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritian — 1. adjective Of, from, or pertaining to Mauritius, its people, or their language or culture. One of the official languages of Mauritius is Mauritian Creole. 2. noun a) A person from Mauritius or of Mauritian descent. Like the Irish, the… …   Wiktionary

  • Mauritian rupee — roupie mauricienne (French) ISO 4217 code MUR User(s) …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritian Social Democrat Party — PMSD [[File:|250px]] Leader Xavier Luc Duval MP Founder Jules Koenig President Maurice Allet …   Wikipedia

  • Sino-Mauritian — Sino Mauritians Total population c. 30,000 40,000[1][2] Regions with significant populations Half in Port Louis, with small numbers all over the island …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.