Union of Brest

Union of Brest (Belarusian: "Берасьцейская унія", Ukrainian: "Берестейська унія", _pl. Unia brzeska) refers to the 1595-1596 decision of the (Ruthenian) Church of Rus', the "Metropolia of Kiev-Halych and all Rus'", to break relations with the Patriarch of Constantinople and place themselves under the (patriarch) Pope of Rome, in order to avoid the domination of the newly established Patriarch of MoscowFact|date=June 2007. At the time, this church included most Ukrainians and Belarusians, under the rule of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The hierarchs of the Kievan church gathered in synod in the city of Brest composed 33 articles of Union, which were accepted by the Pope of Rome. At first widely successful, within several decades it had lost much of its initial support [http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=ISBN0813507995&id=LACpYP-g1y8C&pg=PA347&lpg=PA347&dq=Union+of+Lublin&sig=jqbrgVMQMeBPzdorAMK3tuMHiFk The Slavs in European History and Civilization By Francis Dvornik] ] , mainly due to Imperial Russian persecution, though in Austrian Galicia, the church fared well and remains strong to this day, most notably in the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.

The union was solemnly and publicly proclaimed in the Hall of Constantine in the Vatican. Canon Wollowicz, of Vilna, read in Ruthenian and Latin the letter of the Ruthenian episcopate to the Pope, dated 12 June, 1595. Cardinal Silvio Antoniani thanked the Ruthenian episcopate in the name of the Pope, and expressed his joy at the happy event. Then Adam Pociej (than Bishop of Vladimir), in his own name and that of the Ruthenian episcopate, read in Latin the formula of abjuration of the Greek Schism, Bishop Terlecki read it in Ruthenian, and they affixed their signatures. Pope Clement VIII then addressed to them an allocution, expressing his joy and promising the Ruthenians his support. A medal was struck to commemorate the event, with the inscription: "Ruthenis receptis". On the same day the Bull "Magnus Dominus et laudabilis" was published, announcing to the Roman Catholic world the return of the Ruthenians to the unity of the Roman Church. The Bull recites the events which led to the union, the arrival of Pociej and Terlecki at Rome, their abjuration, and the concession to the Ruthenians that they should retain their own rite, saving such customs as were opposed to the purity of Catholic doctrine and incompatible with the communion of the Roman Church. On 7 Feb., 1596, Pope Clement VIII addressed to the Ruthenian episcopate the Brief "Benedictus sit Pastor ille bonus", enjoining the convocation of a synod in which the Ruthenian bishops were to recite the profession of the Catholic Faith. Various letters were also sent to the Polish king, princes, and magnates exhorting them to receive the Ruthenians under their protection. Another Bull, "Decet Romanum pontificem", dated 23 Feb., 1596, defined the rights of the Ruthenian episcopate and their relations in subjection to the Holy See. [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15130a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia Article] ]

It was agreed that the "Filioque" should not be inserted in the Nicene Creed, although the Ruthenian clergy professed and taught the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Son (Jesus Christ). The bishops asked to be dispensed from the obligation of introducing the Gregorian Calendar, so as to avoid popular discontent and dissensions, and insisted that the king should grant them, as of right, the dignity of senators.

The union was strongly supported by the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Sigismund III Vasa, but opposed by some bishops and prominent nobles of Rus', and perhaps most importantly, by the nascent Cossack (Kozak) movement for Ukrainian self-rule. The result was "Rus' fighting against Rus'," and the splitting of the Church of Rus' into Greek Catholic (also known as Uniate – though Catholics generally regard this term as derogatory – or "sui juris" church) and Greek Orthodox jurisdictions.

See also

* Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
* Ruthenian Catholic Church
* History of Christianity in Ukraine
* Jeremi Wiśniowiecki
* [http://www.cisarik.com/ FAMILY TREES of priests of the Byzantine-rite church in SLOVAKIA 1650-2006]

References

*cite book | author=Magocsi, Paul Robert and Ivan Pop | title=Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture| location=Toronto | publisher=University of Toronto Press | year=2005 | id=ISBN 0-8020-3566-3


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Union of Brest — • 1596. The union of the Ruthenians with Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Union of Brest     Union of Brest     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Union de brest — L Union de Brest (en biélorusse : Берасьцейская вунія), du nom la ville de Brześć (Brest Litovsk), datée de 1596, scelle l allégeance à Rome d une partie de l église orthodoxe des actuelles Biélorussie et Ukraine (la Roumanie suivra en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Union von Brest — Die im Oktober 1596 in Brest geschlossene Kirchenunion von Brest zwischen den orthodoxen Bischöfen des polnisch litauischen Staates, die dem Patriarchat von Konstantinopel unterstanden und der römisch katholischen Kirche ist eines der zentralen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Union de Brest — L Union de Brest (en biélorusse : Берасьцейская вунія), du nom la ville de Brześć (Brest Litovsk), datée de 1596, scelle l allégeance à Rome d une partie de l église orthodoxe des actuelles Biélorussie et Ukraine (la Roumanie suivra en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Unión de Brest — Se denomina Unión de Brest a la decisión adoptada en 1595 1596 por un grupo de cristianos de rito ruteno de romper su dependencia del Patriarca de Constantinopla e incorporarse a la Iglesia Católica. Apoyo prestado por el rey Polonia, Segismundo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Union of Christendom — • Includes the Catholic Church together with the many other religious communions which have either directly or indirectly, separated from it Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Union of Christendom     Union of Christend …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Unión — o union puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Familiares 2 Económicas 3 Sindicales 4 Políticas 4.1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Union d'Oujgorod — L Union d Oujgorod désigne la décision en 1646 de 63 prêtres orthodoxes de Ruthénie subcarpatique de se placer dans la juridiction de l Église de Rome. La Ruthénie subcarpatique faisait alors partie du royaume de Hongrie. L Union d Oujgorod est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Union des chrétiens — Œcuménisme Christianisme Religions abrahamiques (arbre) Judaïsme · Christianisme · Islam Courants Arbre du christianisme Grandes confessions : Catholicisme · Orthodoxie · Protestantisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Union of Uzhhorod — The Union of Uzhhorod was the 1646 decision of 63 Ruthenian Orthodox priests from the south slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, then within the Kingdom of Hungary, to join the Catholic Church on terms similar to the Union of Brest from 1596 in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.