— Comune — Comune di Chiaramonte Gulfi
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Italy Region Sicily Province Province of Ragusa (RG) Frazioni Piano dell'Acqua, Sperlinga and Roccazzo Government - Mayor Giuseppe Nicastro Area - Total 126 km2 (48.6 sq mi) Elevation 668 m (2,192 ft) Population (31 December 2006) - Total 8,021 - Density 63.7/km2 (164.9/sq mi) Demonym Chiaramontani Time zone CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal code 97012 Dialing code 0932 Patron saint San Vito and La Madonna di Gulfi Saint day 15 June Website Official website
The town is also called Balcony of Sicily for its panoramic position, with views over the Valley of the Ippari and its towns (Comiso, Vittoria, Acate) and all the way to the Mediterranean sea if looking south, as far as Mount Etna in direction north and to the Erean Mountains with Caltagirone if looking west.
In the area numerous archeological sites from the Bronze age and Iron age have been found, as well as ruins dating to the Greek arcaic era and Hellenistic era. Also Roman, Byzantine and medieval testimonies can be found.
The city was founded by the Greek colonists from Syracuse in the 7th century BC with the name of Akrillai. Destroyed a first time by the Carthaginians in 406 BC, it was rebuilt during the Timoleonic era. In 213 BC Akrillai was the location of battle in which the Syracusan army, led by Hippokrates, was defeated by the Roman army led by the Consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus. Thenceforth the city of Akrillai was part of the Roman province of Sicily, its name being changed to Acrillae.
The ancient town was destroyed a second time by the Arabs of the Caliph Asad ibn al-Furat in 827 AD, and the name Acrillae disappeared. The rebuilt centre was known by the Arab name of Gulfi, which means "pleasurable place". In 1299 Gulfi was besieged and captured by Roger de Lauria for the Angevines during the War of the Vesper; Manfredi Chiaramonte, who had been named Count of Modica by the Aragonese King Frederick III, moved the survivors to an upper location, called Baglio, which he fortified and protected with a castle.
In 1593 the town had grown outside the walls and had 5,711 inhabitants. In 1693 it was nearly entirely destroyed by an earthquake, and was subsequently rebuilt.
- Northern Gate or Arco dell'Annunziata, dating to the 14th century.
- Basilica of Santa Maria la Nova, in the main square of the town.
- Sanctuary of the Virgin Mary of Gulfi, located just south of Chiaramonte.
- Church of Santo Vito, on the southern part.
- Church of San John the Baptist, on the highest point of the town.
- Villa comunale, the public gardens of Chiaramonte with a balcony with a panoramic view.
The local economy is based on agriculture, mainly olives, vineyards, vegetables, almonds and the raising of pigs and cattle. The area of Chiaramonte is also famous for its excellent olive oil that gained the Protected Geographical Status.
Twin towns — sister cities
- Official website (Italian)
Sicily · Comuni of the Province of Ragusa
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Look at other dictionaries:
Chiaramonte Gulfi — Chiaramonte Gulfi … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chiaramonte Gulfi — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Chiaramonte Gulfi — Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Chiaramónte Gulfi — (spr. kja ), Stadt in der ital. Provinz Siracusa (Sizilien), Kreis Modica, hoch gelegen, mit altem Schloß, Weinbau und (1901) 10,460 Einwohnern … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Chiaramonte Gulfi — Chiāramonte Gulfi (spr. ki ), Stadt auf Sizilien, (1901) 10.460 E.; Weinbau … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
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