Esquiline Hill


Esquiline Hill

Infobox Hill of Rome
name =Esquiline Hill
Latin name =collis Esquilinus
Italian name =Esquilino
rione =Esquilino
buildings =Temple of Minerva Medica, Domus Aurea, baths of Trajan
churches =
palazzi =
people =
events =
religion =Temple of Minerva Medica
mythology =
sculptures =Discobolus|

The Esquiline Hill is one of the celebrated Seven Hills of Rome. Its southern-most cusp is the Oppius (Oppian Hill).

Etymology

The origin of the name "Esquilino" is still under much debate. One view is that the Hill was named after the abundance of holm-oaks, "exculi", that resided there. Another view is that, during Rome's infancy, the Capitolium, the Palatium, and the northern fringes of the Caelian were the most-populated areas of the city, whose inhabitants were considered "inquilini", "in-towners"; those that inhabited the external regions - Aurelian, Oppius, Cispius, Fagutalis - were considered "exquilini", "suburbanites".

History

Rising above the valley in which was later built the Colosseum, the Esquiline was a fashionable residential district. At the Oppius, Nero confiscated property to build his extravagant, mile-long "Golden House"cite book | first=Leland M. | last=Roth | year=1993 | title=Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning | edition=First | publisher=Westview Press | location=Boulder, CO | id=ISBN 0-06-430158-3 | pages=227] , and later still Trajan constructed his bath complex, both of whose remains are visible today. Farther to the northeast, at the summit of the "Cispius", is the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore.

In 1781, the marble statue of a Discus thrower - the so-called Discobolus of Myron - was discovered.The tiny hamlet of El Esquilinchuche in Honduras is named after Esquiline Hill.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Esquiline Venus — sculpture title = The Esquiline Venus artist = Anon. year = c.50 type = White marble height = city = Rome museum = Capitoline MuseumsThe Esquiline Venus is a smaller than life size nude marble sculpture of a female in a sandal and… …   Wikipedia

  • Esquiline — [es′kwə līn΄] [L ( Mons) esquilinus, after Esquiliae, name of the hill < base akin to colere, to till: see CULT] see SEVEN HILLS OF ROME …   English World dictionary

  • Esquiline — geographical name hill in Rome, Italy, one of seven on which the ancient city was built see Aventine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Palatine Hill — ▪ hill, Rome, Italy Italian  Monte Palatino        four sided plateau rising 131 feet (40 metres) south of the Forum in Rome and 168 feet (51 metres) above sea level. It has a circumference of 5,700 feet (1,740 metres). The city of Rome was… …   Universalium

  • Oppian Hill — The Oppian Hill, a hill of Rome In Latin / Italian Oppius mons / Colle Oppio Rione Esquilino People Oppius The Oppian Hill (Latin, Oppius Mons; Italian: Colle Oppio) is the southern spur of the Esquiline Hill (Varro, LL V.50), one of the famous …   Wikipedia

  • Palatine Hill — This article covers a subject of Ancient Rome The Palatine Hill, one of the seven hills of Rome …   Wikipedia

  • Caelian Hill — The Caelian Hill, one of the seven hills of Rome In Latin / Italian Mons Caelius / Celio Rione Celio Buildings Baths of Caracalla, Villa Celimontana Churches Santi Giovanni e Paolo, S …   Wikipedia

  • Viminal Hill — Infobox Hill of Rome name =Viminal Hill Latin name =collis Viminalis Italian name =Viminale rione =Monti buildings =Termini Station, Teatro dell Opera churches = palazzi = people = events = religion = mythology = sculptures =|The Viminal Hill… …   Wikipedia

  • Campus Esquilinus — was an area on the Esquiline Hill in Ancient Rome. It was the site of many extravagant buildings as well as baths and gardens. The Campus Esquilinus was also the site of executions and burials, though it was eventually turned into a park by… …   Wikipedia

  • Porta Esquilina — The Porta Esquilina was a gate in the Servian Wall Platner, S.B. and Ashby, T. A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome . London: Humphrey Milford Oxford University, Press. 1929] and it dates back to the 6th century BC when the Servian Wall was …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.