- Esquiline Hill
Infobox Hill of Rome
name =Esquiline Hill
Latin name =collis Esquilinus
Italian name =Esquilino
buildings =Temple of Minerva Medica,
Domus Aurea, baths of Trajan
religion =Temple of Minerva Medica
The Esquiline Hill is one of the celebrated Seven Hills of
Rome. Its southern-most cusp is the Oppius ( Oppian Hill).
The origin of the name "Esquilino" is still under much debate. One view is that the Hill was named after the abundance of
holm-oaks, "exculi", that resided there. Another view is that, during Rome's infancy, the Capitolium, the Palatium, and the northern fringes of the Caelian were the most-populated areas of the city, whose inhabitants were considered "inquilini", "in-towners"; those that inhabited the external regions - Aurelian, Oppius, Cispius, Fagutalis - were considered "exquilini", "suburbanites".
Rising above the valley in which was later built the
Colosseum, the Esquiline was a fashionable residential district. At the Oppius, Nero confiscated property to build his extravagant, mile-long "Golden House"cite book | first=Leland M. | last=Roth | year=1993 | title=Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning | edition=First | publisher=Westview Press | location=Boulder, CO | id=ISBN 0-06-430158-3 | pages=227] , and later still Trajan constructed his bath complex, both of whose remains are visible today. Farther to the northeast, at the summit of the "Cispius", is the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore.
In 1781, the marble statue of a
Discus thrower - the so-called Discobolusof Myron- was discovered.The tiny hamlet of El Esquilinchuchein Hondurasis named after Esquiline Hill.
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