St. Mary's Basilica, Kraków

St. Mary's Basilica, Kraków
Exterior of the Basilica

St. Mary's Basilica (Polish: Kościół Mariacki), is a Brick Gothic church re-built in the 14th century (originally built in the early 13th century), adjacent to the Main Market Square in Kraków, Poland. Standing 80 m (262 ft) tall, it is particularly famous for its wooden altarpiece carved by Veit Stoss (Wit Stwosz).

On every hour, a trumpet signal—called the Hejnał mariacki—is played from the top of the taller of St. Mary's two towers. The plaintive tune breaks off in mid-stream, to commemorate the famous 13th century trumpeter, who was shot in the throat while sounding the alarm before the Mongol attack on the city. The noon-time hejnał is heard across Poland and abroad broadcast live by the Polish national Radio 1 Station.[1] [2]

St. Mary's Basilica also served as an architectural model for many of the churches that were built by the Polish diaspora abroad, particularly those like St. Michael's and St. John Cantius in Chicago, designed in the so-called Polish Cathedral style.

The church is familiar to many English-speaking readers from the 1929 book The Trumpeter of Krakow by Eric P. Kelly.


Photo gallery

See also


  1. ^ Let's go: Europe, 1979 by Harvard Student Agencies ISBN 0312387083 page 553
  2. ^ Michał Malinowski 2008 Polish folktales and folklore ISBN 1591587239 page 69

External links

Coordinates: 50°03′42″N 19°56′21″E / 50.06167°N 19.93917°E / 50.06167; 19.93917

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