Romanus of Caesarea
name= Saint Romanus of Caesarea
Roman Catholic Church
caption= "Saints Romanus and Barulas", by
Francisco de Zurbarán
Saint Romanus of Caesarea (also known as Romanus of Antioch) is venerated as a
martyr. In 303 or 304, at the beginning of the Diocletianpersecution, a deaconcalled Romanus of Caesarea in Palestinesuffered martyrdomat Antioch. He was taken prisoner, was condemned to death by fire, and was bound to the stake; however, as the Emperor Galerius was then in Antioch, Romanus was brought before him. At the emperor's command Romanus' tonguewas cut out. Tortured in various ways in prison he was finally strangled. Eusebiusspeaks of his martyrdom in "De martyribus Palestin." (c. ii. Prudentius, "Peristephanon", X in "P.L.", LX, 444 sqq.) relates other details and gives Romanus a companion in martyrdom, a Christian by name Barulas. On this account several historians, among them Baronius, consider that there were two martyrs named Romanus at Antioch, though more likely there was but the one whom Eusebius mentions. Prudentius has introduced legendary features into his account, and his connection of the martyrdom of Barulas with that of Romanus is probably arbitrary.
feast dayof St. Romanus is observed on 18 November["cf. Paul Allard, "Histoire des persécutions", IV, 173 sq.; Quentin, "Les martyrologes historiques" (Paris, 1908), 183-5"] . Barulas, like St. Quiricus, is venerated as a child-martyr. The church of San Román in Sevilleis dedicated to Romanus.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13163a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Sts. Romanus"]
* [http://www.holytrinityorthodox.com/calendar/los/November/18-02.htm Martyr Romanus the Deacon of Caesarea and child-martyr Barulas of Antioch (303)]
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