Romanus of Caesarea

Infobox Saint
name= Saint Romanus of Caesarea
birth_date=
death_date=c. 303 AD
feast_day= November 18
venerated_in= Roman Catholic Church


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caption= "Saints Romanus and Barulas", by Francisco de Zurbarán
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Saint Romanus of Caesarea (also known as Romanus of Antioch) is venerated as a martyr. In 303 or 304, at the beginning of the Diocletian persecution, a deacon called Romanus of Caesarea in Palestine suffered martyrdom at Antioch. He was taken prisoner, was condemned to death by fire, and was bound to the stake; however, as the Emperor Galerius was then in Antioch, Romanus was brought before him. At the emperor's command Romanus' tongue was cut out. Tortured in various ways in prison he was finally strangled.

Eusebius speaks of his martyrdom in "De martyribus Palestin." (c. ii. Prudentius, "Peristephanon", X in "P.L.", LX, 444 sqq.) relates other details and gives Romanus a companion in martyrdom, a Christian by name Barulas. On this account several historians, among them Baronius, consider that there were two martyrs named Romanus at Antioch, though more likely there was but the one whom Eusebius mentions. Prudentius has introduced legendary features into his account, and his connection of the martyrdom of Barulas with that of Romanus is probably arbitrary.

The feast day of St. Romanus is observed on 18 November ["cf. Paul Allard, "Histoire des persécutions", IV, 173 sq.; Quentin, "Les martyrologes historiques" (Paris, 1908), 183-5"] . Barulas, like St. Quiricus, is venerated as a child-martyr. The church of San Román in Seville is dedicated to Romanus.

ources

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13163a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Sts. Romanus"]
* [http://www.holytrinityorthodox.com/calendar/los/November/18-02.htm Martyr Romanus the Deacon of Caesarea and child-martyr Barulas of Antioch (303)]


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