Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone"|
Hermione Jean Granger (first name pronEng|hɚˈmaɪəni) is a
fictional characterin J.K. Rowling's " Harry Potter" series. She initially appears in the first novel, " Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone", as a new student on her way to magic school. As the series progresses, she becomes close friends with Harry Potter and often uses her quick wit and encyclopaedic knowledge to help him. Rowling has stated that Hermione resembles her at a younger age, with her insecurity and fear of failure. [Citation |last=Rowling |first=J.K. |title=Section:Extra Stuff - Hermione Granger |url=http://www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/extrastuff_view.cfm?id=8 |publisher=jkrowling.com |date= |accessdate=2008-09-19]
Hermione is a
Muggle-bornGryffindor student and the best friend of Harry Potter and Ron Weasley. The daughter of two dentists, she is an overachiever who shows considerable academic prowess when compared to her friends and classmates, and she is described by Rowling as a "very logical, upright and good" character. [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2004/0804-ebf.htm J K Rowling at the Edinburgh Book Festival, Sunday, August 15, 2004.] "Accio-quote.org" Retrieved on 23 April 2007.] Her parents are "a bit bemused by their odd daughter, but quite proud of her all the same." [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2004/0304-wbd.htm JK Rowling's World Book Day Chat, March 4, 2004] "Accio-quote.org" Retrieved on 23 April 2007 ] Though Rowling has described the character of Luna Lovegoodas the "anti-Hermione" because they hold the exact opposite ideologies, [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2003/0626-alberthall-fry.htm Fry, Stephen, interviewer: J.K. Rowling at the Royal Albert Hall, 26 June 2003] "accio-quote.org", retrieved August 14, 2007] Hermione's foil at Hogwarts is Pansy Parkinson, a female bully based on real-life girls who teased the author during her school days. [ [http://www.accio-quote.org/ Jo loathes Pansy Parkinson who represents every girl who ever teased her] ]
Rowling claims the character of Hermione carries several autobiographical influences: "...I did not set out to make Hermione like me but she is... She is an exaggeration of how I was when I was younger." Rowling recalled being called a "little know-it-all" in her youth.cite web|url=http://www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/extrastuff_view.cfm?id=8|title=J. K. Rowling Official Site – Section Extra Stuff – Hermione Granger|accessdate=2007-08-14] Moreover, she states that not unlike herself, "there is a lot of insecurity and a great fear of failure" beneath Hermione's swottiness. Finally, according to Rowling, next to
Albus Dumbledore, Hermione is the perfect expository character: because of her encyclopaedic knowledge, she can always be used as a plot dumpto explain the "Harry Potter" universe. [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2003/0302-newsround-mzimba.htm Chamber of Secrets DVD: Interview with Steve Kloves and J.K. Rowling, February 2003] "accio-quote.org."]
Hermione's name is derived from
William Shakespeare's " The Winter's Tale"; [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/1999/1099-pressclubtransc.htm Transcript of National Press Club author's luncheon, NPR Radio, October 20, 1999] "Accio-quote.org" Retrieved on 23 April 2007 ] Rowling claimed that she wanted it to be unusual since if fewer girls shared her name, fewer girls would get teased for it. Her original last name was "Puckle", but Rowling felt the name "did not suit her at all", and so the "less frivolous" Granger made it into the books. Rowling confirmed in a 2004 interview that Hermione is an only child. [Citation |last= |first= |title=J K Rowling at the Edinburgh Book Festival |url=http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2004/0804-ebf.htm |accessdate=2007-09-05]
First three books
Hermione debuts in "
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" when she meets future companions Harry and Ron on the Hogwarts Express. She is described as having "a bossy sort of voice, lots of bushy brown hair, and rather large front teeth," and constantly annoys her peers with her knowledge. Harry and Ron initially consider her arrogant, especially after she criticises Ron's incantation of the "Levitation" Charm.HP1ch9>HP1, chapter 10.] Hermione's knack for logic later enables the trio to solve a puzzle essential to retrieving the Philosopher's Stone, and she defeats the constrictive Devil's Snare plant by conjuring fire. Rowling revealed that she had an argument with her editor about the troll fight scene, and that she refused to remove it because, "Hermione is so very annoying in the early part of "Philosopher's Stone" that I really felt it needed something (literally) huge to bring her together with Harry and Ron."
Hermione develops a crush on handsome new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher,
Gilderoy Lockhartin " Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets".Hagrid's hut. She assembles the Polyjuice Potion needed for the trio to disguise themselves as Malfoy's housemates in order to collect information about the Heir of Slytherin who has reopened the Chamber of Secrets. However, she is unable to join Harry and Ron in the investigation after the hair she plucked from the robes of Slytherin student Millicent Bulstrode (whom Hermione is matched up with during Lockhart's ill-fated Duelling Club) turns out to be those of her cat, whose appearance she takes on in her human form; it takes several weeks for the effects to completely wear off. Hermione is Petrified by the basilisk after successfully identifying the creature through library research; though she lies incapacitated in the hospital wing, her information is crucial to Harry and Ron in their successful mission to solve the mystery of the Chamber of Secrets. Hermione is revived after Harry kills the basilisk, but she is devastated to learn that all end-of-year exams have been cancelled as a school treat.Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban", Hermione gets a pet cat- Kneazlemix named Crookshanks, who habitually pursues Ron's pet rat, Scabbers.Peter Pettigrew, a friend of James and Lily Potterwho revealed their whereabouts to Lord Voldemortthe night of their murders, and was able to wrongly implicate Sirius Black(revealed to be Harry's godfather) in the Potters' deaths.HP3ch1622>HP3, chapters 16-22.]
Fourth to sixth books
Hermione is Bulgarian
Quidditchprodigy Viktor Krum's date at the Yule Ballin " Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", looking unexpectedly pretty at the ball to boot. She later gets into a heated argument with Ron after he accuses her of "fraternising with the enemy" in reference to her friendship with Krum. Hermione also tirelessly campaigns for the rights of house-elves by forming the "Society for the Promotion of Elfish Welfare" (SPEW), but she is the only vocal opponent of the enslavement of house-elves. She supports Harry through the Triwizard Tournament, helping him prepare for each task. Near the end of the term, she stops fraudulent tabloid reporter and Animagus Rita Skeeter, who had published defamatory materials about Hermione, Harry, and Hagrid during the Triwizard Tournament, by holding her Animagus form (a beetle) captive in a jar.Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix", Hermione becomes a Gryffindor prefectalong with Ron, and befriends Luna Lovegood, but their friendship gets off to a rocky start after Hermione chastises Luna's father's publication: " The Quibbler's "rubbish, everyone knows that." She also lambasts housemate Lavender Brown for believing the " Daily Prophet's" allegations of Harry fabricating stories of Voldemort's return. Later, with Luna's assistance, Hermione blackmails Rita Skeeter into interviewing Harry for an upcoming issue of "The Quibbler". Attempts to ban the magazine from Hogwarts are futile as the story spreads quickly through the school. One turning point in the series is when she conceives the idea of secretly teaching defensive magic to a small band of students in defiance of the Ministry of Magic's dictum to teach only the subject's basic principles. Hermione gets an unexpectedly huge response, and the group becomes the nascent Dumbledore's Army. She is involved in the battle in the Department of Mysteries and seriously injured, but makes a full recovery.Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince".HP6ch14>HP6, chapter 14.] Ron and Hermione continually feud with each other until he suffers a bout of poisoning from tainted mead, which makes her realise that she may lose him forever and frightens her enough to reconcile with him. Following Albus Dumbledore's death, Ron and Hermione both vow to stay by Harry's side regardless of what happens.Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows". When she, Ron, and Harry are captured by Snatchers, who are on the hunt for Muggle-borns under the Ministry's orders, Hermione passes herself off as "Penelope Clearwater" and a half-blood to avoid persecution, but is then taken to Malfoy Manorand tortured by Bellatrix Lestrangefor information on how they came to possess the Sword of Gryffindor(which Bellatrix believed Snape sent to her vault in Gringotts); she, Harry and Ron are all eventually rescued by Dobby.
Hermione later uses Polyjuice Potion to impersonate Bellatrix when the trio attempt to steal Hufflepuff's cup from
Gringotts. Hermione and Ron share their first kiss after Ron says they cannot order the house elves to die for them, and they join Dumbledore's Army in the Battle of Hogwarts, during which Hermione destroys the cup in the Chamber of Secrets with a basilisk fang.HP7ch36>HP7, chapter36.]
Nineteen years after Lord Voldemort's downfall, Hermione is married to Ron and they have two children, Rose and Hugo.cite news|url=http://www.bloomsbury.com/harrypotter/content.asp?sec=3&sec2=1|date=
2007-07-31|accessdate=2007-08-14|publisher= Bloomsbury Publishing|title=Online Chat Transcript] Rowling also stated in a webchat that Hermione also found her parents in Australia and relieved them of the memory charm she had placed on them.
Emma Watsonhas portrayed Hermione in all the "Harry Potter" films to date. Watson's Oxfordtheatre teacher passed her name on to the casting agents of "Philosopher's Stone", impressed with her school play performances.cite web| url=http://www.emmawatsonofficial.com/#emma |title=Emma |first=Emma |last=Watson |accessdate=2007-08-03 |publisher=Emma Watson's Official Website] Though Watson took her audition seriously, she "never really thought [she] had any chance of getting the role." [cite news|title=When Danny met Harry|publisher= The Times|date= 2001-11-03|accessdate=2007-11-07] The producers were impressed by Watson's self-confidence and she outperformed the thousands of other girls who had applied. [cite web | title=Emma Watson, New Teenage Sensation!!|url= http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/6-22-2004-55758.asp|first=Dhananjay|last=Kulkani|date= 2004-06-23|accessdate=2007-08-03|publisher=Buzzle] Rowling herself was supportive of Watson from her first screen test. Prior to the production of "Half-Blood Prince", Watson considered not returning, [cite news|url=http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/735/735556p1.html|title=Hermione Gets Cold Feet|accessdate=2007-10-20|date= 2006-09-26|publisher= IGN] but eventually decided that "the pluses outweighed the minuses" and could not bear to see anyone else play Hermione. [cite web| url=http://www.parade.com/articles/editions/2007/edition_07-08-2007/AEmma_Watson|title=We're all so grown up!|first=Emily|last=Listfield|date= 2007-07-08|accessdate= 2007-08-03|publisher=Parade]
Watson considers Hermione charismatic and "a fantastic role to play."cite web| first = bbc.com| last = | title = Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, Emma Watson| url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/films/2004/06/01/daniel_radcliffe_emma_watson_rupert_grint_azkaban_interview.shtml | accessdate = 2007-08-03|publisher=BBC] Watson has also said that Hermione is a character that makes "brain not beauty cool", and that though Hermione is "slightly socially inept", she is "not ashamed of herself". [ [http://www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/granger.html#film Emma Watson's speech at Oxford Union, Oxford University, November 12, 2006] ] In 2007, prior to the release of "Order of the Phoenix," Watson stated that "There are too many stupid girls in the media. Hermione's not scared to be clever. I think sometimes really smart girls dumb themselves down a bit, and that's bad. When I was 9 or 10, I would get really upset when they tried to make me look geeky, but now I absolutely love it. I find it's so much pressure to be beautiful. Hermione doesn’t care what she looks like. She's a complete tomboy."cite web| url=http://www.parade.com/articles/editions/2007/edition_07-08-2007/AEmma_Watson
title=We're all so grown up!|first=Emily|last=Listfield|date=
Steve Klovesrevealed in a 2003 interview that Hermione was his favourite character. "There's something about her fierce intellect coupled with a complete lack of understanding of how she affects people sometimes that I just find charming and irresistible to write."
In the books, Hermione is described as having bushy brown hair, brown eyes, and large front teeth until "Goblet of Fire", when she is hit by a spell that causes her teeth to grow uncontrollably until
Madam Pomfreymagically shrinks them to a size smaller than the original. Hermione may look unconventionally beautiful when she puts on for special events.
Hermione's most prominent features includes her prodigious intellect and cleverness. She is levelheaded, book-smart and is very good with logic. Hermione is also noted for being extremely hardworking and determined; she can be bossy but is very loyal and conscientious. Rowling states that Hermione is a person that "never strays off the path; she always keeps her attention focused on the job that must be done." [ [http://www.the-leaky-cauldron.org/2007/11/19/new-interview-with-j-k-rowling-for-release-of-dutch-edition-of-deathly-hallows New Interview with J.K. Rowling for Release of Dutch Edition of "Deathly Hallows"] ] Hermione's intelligence and bossy attitude gives her a reputation for being a "bossy know it all", but Rowling says that Hermione has "quite a lot of vulnerability in her personality." [ [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1000-time-staff.htm Time Magazine staff. "Essay: A Conversation with J.K. Rowling; A Good Scare," "Time Magazine", October, 30, 2000] ] She elaborated that Hermione has a "sense of insecurity underneath", feels "utterly inadequate...and to compensate, she tries to be the best at everything at school, projecting a false confidence that can irritate people." [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2001/1201-bbc-hpandme.htm "Harry Potter and Me" (BBC Christmas Special), BBC, December 28, 2001] "accio-quote.org.", retrieved August 14, 2007]
Hermione has an extremely compassionate side to her personality and is quick to help others, especially those who are defenceless, such as
Neville Longbottom, first-years, house-elves, and fellow Muggle-borns. It was revealed by Rowling after the publication of the final book that Hermione's career in the Ministry was to fight for the rights of the oppressed (house-elves and Muggle-borns). Hermione is also very protective of her friends and values them so much that Rowling has suggested that, if Hermione had looked in the Mirror of Erised, she would have seen Harry, Ron, and herself "alive and unscathed and Voldemort finished". [ [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2006/0801-radiocityreading1.html An Evening with Harry, Carrie and Garp: Readings and questions #1, August 1, 2006] ]
Eliza T. Dresang, in her article titled "Hermione Granger and the Heritage of Gender", commented that Hermione's "hysteria and crying happen far too often to be considered a believable part of the development of Hermione's character and are quite out of line with her core role in the book." [http://books.google.com.mx/books?hl=es&lr=&id=iO5pApw2JycC&oi=fnd&pg=PA211&dq=%22Dresang%22+%22Hermione+Granger+and+the+Heritage+of+Gender%22+&ots=ACEO--9DWs&sig=LVNTNW-YsXzCLUi-mgg_9VcOIgM#PPA223,M1 Hermione Granger and the Heritage of Gender] ]
Hermione is portrayed during the whole series as an exceptionally talented young witch. Rowling has stated that Hermione is a "borderline genius". [ [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/1999/1099-connectiontransc.html J.K. Rowling interview - The Connection (WBUR Radio), 12 October, 1999] ] She is the best student in Harry's year, as she is repeatedly the first student to master any spell or charm introduced in classes and even from more advanced years, as evidenced when she is able to conjure a Protean Charm on the D.A.'s fake Galleons, which is actually a N.E.W.T. level charm.HP6ch9>HP6, chapter9] Hermione is an exceptional duellist, capable of outmatching even Death Eaters, as shown in the battle at the Department of Mysteries, at the Lovegoods' house, and in the final battle against Voldemort and the Death Eaters. However, Rowling has stated that while during the first three books Hermione would have beaten Harry in a magical duel, by the fourth book Harry is so good at Defence Against the Dark Arts that he would have defeated Hermione.cite web|url=http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/0700-swns-alfie.htm|title=""World Exclusive Interview with J K Rowling," South West News Service, 8 July 2000"|accessdate= 2007-08-15]
Hermione's Patronus is an
otter, Rowling's favourite animal. [http://www.accio-quote.org/articles/2000/1000-aol-chat.htm America Online chat transcript, AOL.com, 19 October 2000] "accio-quote.org.", retrieved August 14, 2007] Her wand is made of vine wood and dragon heartstring core; vine is the wood ascribed to Hermione's fictional birth month (September) on the Celtic calendar. [http://www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/extrastuff_view.cfm?id=18 Section: Extra Stuff WANDS] "jkrowling.com." Retrieved on 2 July 2007.]
In "The Ivory Tower and Harry Potter", the first book-length analysis of the "Harry Potter" series, a whole chapter titled "Hermione Granger and the Heritage of Gender", by Eliza T. Dresang, is dedicated to the discussion of Hermione's role in the series and its relation to feminist debates. The chapter begins with an analysis of Hermione's name and the role of previous characters with the same name in mythology and fiction, and the heritage Hermione has inherited from these characters due to her name. Dresang also emphasizes Hermione's parallelism with J. K. Rowling herself and how, as Hermione has some attributes from Rowling herself, she must be a strong character. The book also points out the fact that, despite being born to Muggle parents, Hermione's magical abilities are "innate". Her "compulsion for study" helps both the character's development, which makes Hermione "a prime example that information brings power", and the plot of the series, as her knowledge of the wizarding world is often used to "save the day". Dresang goes further when she also states that "Harry and Ron are more dependent on Hermione than she is on them."
* [http://www.hp-lexicon.org/wizards/granger.html#Hermione Hermione's entry] at
Harry Potter Lexicon
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