- Electoral results of the Portuguese Communist Party
This is a table of the electoral results of the
Portuguese Communist Party. Despite the Party had been founded in 1921, the party experienced little time as a legal party, being forced into clandestinity after a military coup in 1926. In the following decades, Portugalwas dominated by the dictatorial regime led by António Oliveira Salazar, that kept the Party illegal. Although the regime allowed elections during some periods, the Party, given its illegal status, could never legally enter the electoral process and the heavy manipulation of the electoral results never allowed a democratic candidate to win. The regime would only end in 1974, with the Carnation Revolution, that implemented broad democratic changes in the country.
Since then, four types of elections are held with different periodicity. The
head of state, the President of the Republic, is elected for a five-year term, the Parliament is elected for a four-year term, like the municipal administrations, that since 1985, are also elected for a four-year term. Azoresand Madeiraelect a regional parliament each four years. Along with these, European electionsare also held with a periodicity of five years since the country joined the European Union in 1986.
Since the revolution, the Party participated in every election, from the late 1970s until 1987, it ran in coalition with the
Portuguese Democratic Movementin the United People Alliance(APU). In 1987, the APU was disbanded and since then, the Party participated in coalition with the Ecologist Party "The Greens"inside the Unitarian Democratic Coalition. The peak of the Party's electoral influence was from the Carnation Revolution until the early 1980s, since then, and mainly after the fall of the Socialist bloc in eastern Europe, the Party's electoral success was reduced, however, it still keeps a presence in the Parliament and still holds the presidency of 32 municipalities and several parishes.
Results in parliamentary elections
* "In 2004, after the
enlargement of the European Union, the number of MEPs elected by Portugaldecreased from the original 25 to 24."
*" The FEPU was composed of the PCP, the
MDP/CDEand the FSP."
*" The APU was composed of the PCP and the MDP/CDE, later it included the PEV. "
*" The CDU is composed of the PCP, the PEV and the ID "Further notes:
*"The election of 1975 was not a regular legislative election, but instead was an election of a
*"The Local election results report the voting for the
Municipal Chambersonly and don't include occasional coalitions in some municipalities, e.g. in Lisbon, between 1989 and 2001. Voting for the Municipal Assembliesand Parish Assembliesis usually higher (11.7% and 12.0%, respectively, in 2005)."
*"The number of mandates denotes the number of councillors in Local elections, MPs in Parliamentary elections and MEPs in European Parliament elections."
Results in presidential elections
* "In 1980, Carlos Brito withdrew in favor of
* "In 1986, the Party's first candidate was
Ângelo Veloso, that later withdrew in favor of Salgado Zenha."
* "In 1986, in the second round, the Party supported
* "In 1996, Jerónimo de Sousa withdrew in favor of
*cite web |title=CNE Resultados |url=http://eleicoes.cne.pt/cne2005/sel_eleicoes.cfm?m=raster#assemb| publisher=Comissão Nacional de Eleições| accessdate = 2005-05-17
Portuguese Communist Party
History of the Portuguese Communist Party
History of Portugal
* [http://www.pcp.pt Portuguese Communist Party official web site]
* [http://www.pcp.pt/index.php?option=com_content&task=category§ionid=4&id=14&Itemid=48 History section of the Party's official website]
* [http://www.pcp.pt/actpol/temas/f-avante/festa2005/index.htm Avante Festival! official website]
* [http://www.avante.pt Avante! newspaper online edition]
* [http://www.uc.pt/cd25a/wikka.php?wakka=pcp2 PCP's short biography by the Carnation Revolution archive center]
* [http://www.pcp.pt/english/index.html Portuguese Communist Party web site]
* [http://www.pcp.pt/english/programme.html Portuguese Communist Party program]
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