- Green Spain
Green Spain (direct translation into English of the Spanish "España Verde") is the name given to the Spanish northern maritime façade exposed to the
Atlantic Oceanin Galicia, also extending along the coastal strip running north of the Cantabrian and Basque mountains, along the Bay of Biscayfrom Galicia in the west through the French border in the east; this land strip includes Asturias, Cantabria, and the northern half of the Basque Country.
It is called "green" because it has a wet and moderate
oceanic climate, strongly influenced by the Atlantic Oceanwinds that get trapped by the mountains. Because of the Foehn effectthe southern slopes get inside the rain shadowand the Green Spain contrasts with its dry central plateau.
The average precipitation is about 1,200 mm, much higher than areas located in inland parts of northern Europe which are thought by the average population to be wetter than anywhere in Spain, which is generally regarded as a rather dry country. This rainfall figure allows a lush vegetation to grow, the main native tree species of this biome being
beechesand oaks. During the second half of the 20th century in some areas (specially in Galicia) the native forests were replaced by plantationsof eucalyptusand Monterey Pines for its commercial exploitation in the paper industry.
Pyrenees, which sometimes are considered to be in the same system as the Cantabrian Mountains, used to be included in Green Spain, even though here the rainfall has different patterns and the general landscape is actually more alpine.
*The Eurosiberian region of the Iberian Peninsula
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forestsbiome.
Picos de Europa.
* [http://www.greenspain.org/ Green Spain] Green Spain's official site.
* [http://www.visitasturias.co.uk/ Visit Asturias] A guide to Spain's Natural Paradise in English.
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