- Foreign relations of Chad
The Foreign relations of Chad are motivated primarily by the desire for outside investment in
Chadian industry and support for Chadian President Idriss Déby. Chad is officially non-aligned but has close relations with France, the former colonial power. Relations with neighbouring Libyaand Sudanvary periodically. Lately, the Idris Déby regime has been waging an intermittent proxy warwith Sudan. Other for those two countries, Chad generally has good relations with the other neighboring countries.
Relations with African and Middle Eastern countries
Although relations with Libya improved with the presidency of
Idriss Déby, strains persist. Chad has been an active champion of regional cooperation through the Central African Economic and Customs Union, the Lake Chad and Niger River Basin Commissions, and the Interstate Commission for the Fight Against the Drought in the Sahel.
Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of
Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria.
Despite centuries-old cultural ties to Arab North Africa, Chad maintained few significant ties to North African or Middle Eastern states in the 1980s. (Chad has not recognized the State of
Israelsince former Chadian President François (Ngarta) Tombalbayebroke off relations in September 1972.) President Habré hoped to pursue greater solidarity with Arab nations in the future, however, viewing closer relations with Arab states as a potential opportunity to break out of his nation's postcolonial dependence and assert Chad's unwillingness to serve as an arena for superpower rivalries. In addition, as a northern Muslim, Habré represented a constituency that favored Afro-Arab solidarity, and he hoped Islam would provide a basis for national unity in the long term. For these reasons, he was expected to seize opportunities during the 1990s to pursue closer ties with Arab nations. In 1988, Chad recognized the State of Palestine, which maintains a mission in N'Djamena.
During the 1980s, several Arab states had supported Libyan claims to the Aozou Strip. Algeria was among the most outspoken of these states and provided training for anti-Habré forces, although most recruits for its training programs were from Nigeria or Cameroon, recruited and flown to Algeria by Libya. By the end of 1987, Algiers and N'Djamena were negotiating to improve relations. Lebanon's Progressive Socialist Party also sent troops to support Qadhafi's efforts against Chad in 1987, but other Arab states and the League of Arab States (Arab League) limited their involvement to expressions of hope that the dispute over the Aozou Strip could be settled peacefully.
December 24, 2005, Chad declared itself as in a "state of belligerance" with neighboring Sudan. The conflict in the border region of Darfur has become an increasingly bi-national affair as increasing numbers of Sudanese flee to refugee camps in Chad, and Sudanese government troops and militias cross the borders to strike at both these camps and specific ethnic groups. Although the Government of Chadand the Government of Sudansigned the Tripoli Agreementon February 8, 2006, officially ending hostilities, fighting continues. On 11 August, 2006, Chad and Sudan resumed relations at the behest of Libyan president Muammar al-Gaddafi. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4775111.stm] "See also:" Battle of Amdjereme
Chad broke diplomatic relations with
Sudanat least twice in 2006 because it believed the Sudanese governmentwas supporting Janjaweedand UFDCrebels financially and with arms. Two accords were signed, the Tripoli Accord, which was signed on February 8and failed to end the fighting, and the more recently signed N'Djamena Agreement. On May 11, 2008 Sudan announced it was cutting diplomatic relations with Chad, claiming that it was helping rebels in Darfurto attack the Sudanese capital Khartoum[ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/7394422.stm Sudan cuts Chad ties over attack] ] .
Relations with Western countries
Chad is officially non-aligned but has close relations with
France, the former colonial power, which has about 1,200 troops stationed in the capital N'Djamena. It receives economic aid from countries of the European Community, the United States, and various international organizations. Libyasupplies aid and has an ambassadorresident in N'Djamena. Traditionally strong ties with the Western community have weakened over the past two years due to a dispute between the Government of Chadand the World Bankover how the profits from Chad's petroleumreserves are allocated. Although oil output to the West has resumed and the dispute has officially been resolved, resentment towards, what the Déby administration considered, foreign meddling lingers.
Relations with Asian countries
Chad and the
Republic of China(Taiwan) had relations from 1962 to 1972 and 1997 to 2006 when, for financial and security reasons, Chad announced its intention to recognize the People's Republic of China. Taiwan broke off relations with Chad on August 5, 2006 (hours before a scheduled official visit by Premier Su Tseng-chang) and Chad formally recognized the PRC on August 6. [http://www.cna.com.tw/eng/topread.php?id=200608060023]
Membership of international organizations
Chad belongs to the following international organizations:
UNand some of its specialized and related agencies
Organization for African Unity
Central African Customs and Economic Union(UDEAC)
African Financial Community(Franc Zone)
Agency for the Francophone Community
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
African Development Bank
Central African States Development Bank
Economic and Monetary Union of Central African(CEMAC)
Economic Commission for Africa; G-77
International Civil Aviation Organization
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
International Development Association
Islamic Development Bank
International Fund for Agricultural Development
International Finance Corporation
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
International Labour Organization
International Monetary Fund
International Olympic Committee
International Telecommunication Union
International Trade Union Confederation
NAM; Organisation of the Islamic Conference
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Universal Postal Union
World Confederation of Labour
World Intellectual Property Organization;
World Meteorological Organization;
World Tourism Organization
World Trade Organization
Diplomatic missions in Chad
At present, the capital city of
N'Djamenahosts 17 embassies, including those of the United States, Egypt, Algeria, Iraq, Sudan, Germany, the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Cameroon, and the European Union. A number of other countries have nonresident ambassadors.
Diplomatic missions of Chad
Chad maintains embassies in 25 states.
title = International membership
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