- Eridanos (mythology)
riverEridanos (or Eridanus) is a river of Hadesin Greek mythology, whose name has been adopted by geologists and paleogeographers to describe the real river that existed between 40 million to 700 thousand years ago, flowing from Laplandto the North Sea: for that river, see Eridanos (geology).
The Eridanos is mentioned in Greek writings as a river in northern
Europerich in amber. ["the holy isle of Elektris", named for "elektron", "amber", off the mouth of the Eridanos, was reached by the Argonauts, who were fleeing from the Colchians, in Apollonius of Rhodes' " Argonautica", Book IV; their return trip from Colchis, in which they passed "the farthest reaches of the stream Eridanos" (iv.597), cannot be made to coincide with actual geography.] There have been various guesses at which real river was the Eridanos: these include the Po Riverin north Italy, and the Nileand the Danube. Another, lesser Eridanos, a small river near Athens has been rediscovered in modern times, with the excavations for construction of the Athens Metro. Hesiod, in " Theogony," calls it “deep-eddying Eridanos” in his list of rivers, the offspring of Tethys. In " Dionysiaca", the vast monster Typhonboasts that he will bathe in “starry Eridanus.” Herodotus(III, 115) points out that the word "Eridanos" is essentially Greek in character, and surmises that consequently the river supposed to run around the world is probably a Greek invention. He associated it with the river Po, because the Po was located near the end of the Amber Trail. According to Apollonius of Rhodes["Argonautica", iv.597ff.] and Ovid, [ Ovid, "Metamorphoses" II, 367-380.] amberoriginated from the tears of the Heliades, encased in poplars as dryads, shed when their brother, Phaeton, died and fell from the sky, struck by Zeus' thunderbolt, and tumbled into the Eridanos, where "to this very day the marsh exhales a heavy vapour which rises from his smouldering wound; no bird can stretch out its fragile wings to fly over that water, but in mid-flight it falls dead in the flames;" [Apollonius, iv.602ff. ] “along the green banks of the river Eridanos,” Cygnus mourned him— Ovid told— and was transformed into a swan. There in the far west, Heraclesasked the river nymphs of Eridanos to help him locate the Garden of the Hesperides. Strabodisregards such mythmaking::“"One must put aside many of the mythical or false accounts such as those of Phaethon and of the Heliades changed into black poplars near the Eridanos (a river that does not exist anywhere on earth, although it is said to be near the Po), and of the Islands of Amber that lie off the Po, and of the guinea-fowl on them, because none of these exist in this area."” [Strabo, "Geography" v,1,9.]
Eridanus (“the river”) was considered one of the rivers of
Hadesby Virgilin his " Aeneid" VI, 659.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eridanus — The name Eridanus can refer to: *Eridanos (mythology) (or Eridanus), a river in Greek mythology, associated by Herodotus with the Po River *Eridanos (geology), a large river that flowed between 40 million and 700 thousand years ago from Lapland… … Wikipedia
Hades — For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). Hades … Wikipedia
Zeus — For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). Zeus … Wikipedia
Cycnus — The butterfly genus Cycnus is now synonymized with Panthiades. Zeus parts Athena and Ares, while Kyknos flees in a chariot (right) as Heracles arrives (left), on an Attic black figured volute krater, ca. 540–510 BCE signed by Nikosthenes… … Wikipedia
Nymph — This article is about the creatures of Greek mythology. For other uses, see Nymph (disambiguation). A fourth century Roman depiction of Hylas and the Nymphs, from the basilica of Junius Bassus A nymph in Greek mythology is a female minor nature… … Wikipedia
Parthenon-Tempel — Der Parthenon Der Parthenon (griechisch παρθενών ‚Jungfrauengemach‘) ist der Tempel für die Stadtgöttin Pallas Athena Parthenos auf der Athener Akropolis. Er wurde zum Dank für die Rettung der Athener und Griechen durch die Göttin nach dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Phaëton — In Greek mythology, Phaëton or Phaethon (pronEng|ˈfeɪətn or IPA|/ˈfeɪəθən/) ( el. Φαέθων shining ) was the son of Helios (Phoebus, the shining one , an epithet later assumed by Apollo), or of Clymenus by Merope or Clymene. Or, in the later myths … Wikipedia
Heliades — Helia redirects here. For the genus of noctuid moths, see Helia (moth) In Greek mythology, the Heliades ( children of the sun ) were the daughters of Helios, the god who drove the sun before Apollo. According to one source, there were three:… … Wikipedia
Zeuxippe — In Greek mythology, Zeuxippe (Ζευξίππη) was the name of several women.*Zeuxippe was the mother of Eribotes and Butes by Teleon. She was the daughter of the river Eridanos. *Zeuxippe was the mother of Erechtheus, Butes, Procne and Philomela by… … Wikipedia
Parthenon — Parthenon, 2005 Der Parthenon (griechisch παρθενών „Jungfrauengemach“) ist der Tempel für die Stadtgöttin Pallas Athena Parthenos auf der Athener Akropolis. Er wurde zum Dank für die Rettung der Athener und Griechen durch die Göttin nach dem … Deutsch Wikipedia