- Transport in Chad
Transport infrastructure within
Chadis generally poor, especially in the north and east of the country. There are no railways and river transport is limited to the south-west corner.
Roads are mostly unsurfaced and are likely to be impassable during the
wet season, especially in the southern half of the country. In the north, roads are merely tracks across the desertand land minescontinue to present a danger. Draft animals ( horses, donkeys and camels) remain important in much of the country.
Fuel supplies can be erratic, even in the south-west of the country, and are expensive. Elsewhere they are practically non-existent.
"paved:"Approximately 500 km. Some, but not all of the roads in N'Djamena are paved. The country has one paved road outside of N'Djamena, which runs from Massakory in the north, through N'Djamena and then south, through the cities of Guelendeng, Bongor, Kelo and Moundou, with a short spur leading in the direction of Kousseri, Cameroon, near N'Djamena. Expansion of the road towards Cameroon via Pala and Lere is reportedly in the preparatory stages.
"unpaved:"33,133 km (1999 est.)
2,000 km navigable
Chariand Logone Rivers are navigable only in wet season (2002). Both flow northwards, from the south of Chad, into Lake Chad.
2003, a 1,070 km pipeline has been used to export crude oilfrom the oilfields around Dobato offshore oil-loading facilities on Cameroon's Atlantic coast at flagicon|Cameroon Kribi. [http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/EXTREGINI/EXTCHADCAMPIPELINE/0,,contentMDK:20516071~menuPK:843292~pagePK:64168445~piPK:64168309~theSitePK:843238,00.html]
Seaports and harbors
Chad's main routes to the sea are:-
N'Djamenaand the south west of Chad:
** By road to
Ngaoundéré, in Cameroon, and then by rail to Douala
** By road to
Maiduguri, in Nigeria, and then by rail to Port Harcourt
* From the north and east of Chad:
** By road across the
Saharadesert to Libya
In colonial times, the main access was by road to
Bangui, in the Central African Republic, then by river boat to Brazzaville, and onwards by rail from Brazzaville to Pointe Noire, on Congo's Atlanticcoast. This route is now little used.
There is also a route across
Sudan, to the Red Sea, but very little trade goes this way.
Niger, north of Lake Chad, are practically nonexistent; it is easier to reach Niger via Cameroon and Nigeria.
59 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways
"over 3,047 m:"2
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"3
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"1
"914 to 1,523 m:"1
"under 914 m:"0 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"13
"914 to 1,523 m:"20
"under 914 m:"10 (2003 est.)
[http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/chad.pdf UNJLC map]
Economy of Chad
* [http://www.aircraft-charter-world.com/airports/africa/chad.htm List of airports in Chad]
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