National Assembly of the Republic of Poland

Zgromadzenie Narodowe Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
National Assembly of the
Republic of Poland
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Sejm
Senate
Leadership
Marshal of the Sejm Ewa Kopacz,
Civic Platform
since 8 November 2011
Marshal of the Senate Bogdan Borusewicz,
Civic Platform
since 5 November 2007
Members 460 deputies and 100 senators
Meeting place
Sejm RP.jpg
The Sejm building in Warsaw
Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland



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The National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe) is the name of both chambers of the Polish parliament, the Sejm and the Senate, when sitting in joint session. It is headed by the Marshal of the Sejm (or by the Marshal of the Senate when the former is absent).

In the years 1922–1935 and 1989–1990, it was the National Assembly who elected the President of the Republic of Poland by an absolute majority of votes. In 1935, it was replaced by an Assembly of Electors, which consisted of the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice, the General Armed Forces Inspector, 2/3 of deputies to the Sejm, and 1/3 of Senators. The Senate was abolished in 1946 so in 1947 Bolesław Bierut was elected President only by the Sejm. There were no presidents from 1952 until 1989 when the Senate was restored and the National Assembly elected Wojciech Jaruzelski as President.

Since 1990, the President has been elected by the people. However, the President is still sworn in before the National Assembly, which is also the only organ which can declare the President's permanent incapacity to perform his duties, or bring an indictment against him before State Tribunal.

From 1992 to 1997, the National Assembly drafted and passed a new Constitution, which was approved by a national referendum on 25 May 1997.

Latest election

e • d Summary of the 09 October 2011 Polish National Assembly election results
Parties Sejm Senate
Votes % Seats +/– MPs %/votes % Seats +/–
Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) 5,629,773 39,18 207 –2 –2.33 63 +3
Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) 4,295,016 29.89 157 –9 –2.22 31 –8
Palikot's Movement (Ruch Palikota, RP) 1,439,490 10.02 40 +40
Polish People's Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL) 1,201,628 8.36 28 –3 –0.55 2 +2
Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratyczne, SLD) 1,184,303 8.24 27 –26 –4.91
Poland Comes First (Polska jest Najważniejsza, PJN) 315,393 2.19 —† —†
Congress of the New Right (Kongres Nowej Prawicy, KNP) 151,837 1.06
Polish Labour Party (Polska Partia Pracy, PPP) 79,147 0.55
Right of the Republic–Real Politics Union (Prawica) 35,169 0.24 –0.44
German Minority (Mniejszość Niemiecka, MN) 28,014 0.20 1 –0.03
Our Home Poland (Nasz Dom Polska)[1] 9,733 0.05 –1.48
Independents (Niezależni) N/A N/A N/A N/A 4 +3
Total 14,369,503 460 100
  • Registered voters: 30,762,931
  • Votes counted: 15,050,027 (48,92%)
  • Invalid votes: 680,524
  • Valid votes: 14,369,503 (95,48%)


†PjN did not exist at the previous election, but had 15 Sejm seats and 1 Senate seat when the previous Parliament was dissolved[citation needed]


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