- Lisbon Strategy
Politics of the European Union The Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, is an action and
development planfor the European Union. Its aim is to make the EU "the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment by 2010". It was set out by the European Councilin Lisbonin March 2000.
Between April and November 2004,
Wim Kokheaded up a review of the program and presented a report on the Lisbon strategy suggesting how to give new impetus to the process. One of the main conclusion of the Kok report was that "the promotion of growth and employment in Europe is the next great European project". [ European Union web site, [http://ec.europa.eu/growthandjobs/pdf/kok_report_en.pdf "Facing The Challenge. The Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. Report from the High Level Group chaired by Wim Kok"] , November 2004, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, ISBN 92-894-7054-2, (the Kok report). ]
The European Commission used this report as a basis for its proposal in February 2005 to refocus the Lisbon Agenda on actions that promote growth and jobs in a manner that is fully consistent with the objective of sustainable development. The Commission's report stated that "making growth and jobs the immediate target goes hand in hand with promoting social or environmental objectives." [ European Union web site, [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/com/2005/com2005_0024en01.pdf The Commission's report] . ]
In its resolution on the mid-term review of the Lisbon strategy in March 2005, the European Parliament expressed its belief that "sustainable growth and employment are Europe's most pressing goals and underpin social and environmental progress" and "that well-designed social and environmental policies are themselves key elements in strengthening Europe's economic performance". [ European Parliament web site, [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+TA+P6-TA-2005-0069+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EN ] ]
Background and objectives
The Lisbon Strategy intends to deal with the low productivity and stagnation of economic growth in the
EU, through the formulation of various policy initiatives to be taken by all EU member states. The broader objectives set out by the Lisbon strategy are to be attained by 2010.
It was adopted for a ten-year period in 2000 in
Lisbon, Portugalby the European Council. It broadly aims to "make Europe, by 2010, the most competitive and the most dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world".
The main fields are economic, social, and environmental renewal and
sustainability. The Lisbon Strategy is heavily based on the economic concepts of:
Innovationas the motor for economic change (based on the writings of Joseph Schumpeter)
* The "
* Social and environmental renewal
Under the strategy, a stronger economy will create employment in the EU, alongside inclusive social and environmental policies, which will themselves drive economic growth even further.
An EU research group found in 2005 that current progress had been judged "unconvincing", so a reform process was introduced wherein all goals would be reviewed every three years, with assistance provided on failing items.
Translation of the Lisbon Strategy goals into concrete measures led to the extension of the
Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development(FPs) into FP7 [ [http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/understand_en.html] European Commission - Publications Office: Understand FP7] and the Joint Technology Initiatives(JTI). [ [ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/fp7/docs/jtis-brochure_en.pdf] European Commission brocure on JTIs ]
Key thinkers and concepts
Contemporary key thinkers on whose works the Lisbon Strategy is based and/or who were involved in its creation include
Maria João Rodrigues, Christopher Freeman, Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Luc Soete, Carlota Perez, Manuel Castells, Giovanni Dosi, and Richard Nelson.
Key concepts of the Lisbon Strategy include those of the
Knowledge Economy, Innovation, Techno-Economic Paradigms, Technology Governance, and the "Open Method" of Coordination (OMC).
*Maria Joao Rodrigues (2003), "European Policies for a Knowledge Economy", Edward Elgar.(2001, with Peter Herrmann) Globalization and European Integration. Huntington NY, Nova Science. ISBN 1-560729295.
*Tausch, Arno (2001, with Gernot Köhler) Global Keynesianism: Unequal exchange and global exploitation. Huntington NY, Nova Science. ISBN 1-59033-002-1. Paperback edition 2001
*Tausch, Arno (2007), ‘The City on a Hill? The Latin Americanization of Europe and the Lost Competition with the U.S.A.’ Amsterdam: Rozenberg and Dutch University Press
*Tausch, Arno (2007), '‘From the “Washington” towards a “Vienna Consensus”? A quantitative analysis on globalization, development and global governance’'. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers
*Tausch, Arno (2007, Editor, with Almas Heshmati), '‘Roadmap to Bangalore? Globalization, the EU’s Lisbon Process and the Structures of Global Inequality'’ Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers
Science and technology in Europe
Economy of the European Union
European Institute of Technology(EIT)
Innovative Medicines Initiative
Lobbying around the strategy
European Trade Union Confederation, ( [http://www.etuc.org/r/206 ETUC update on the Lisbon strategy] )
Transatlantic Business Dialogue, which took part in the report for a new restart of the agenda
Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe(UNICE)
* [http://europa.eu/scadplus/glossary/lisbon_strategy_en.htm Official EU summary on the Lisbon Strategy]
* [http://europa.eu.int/growthandjobs/index_en.htm Official Website for the Lisbon Strategy]
* [http://www.lisbonstrategy.net/ Portuguese Official Website on the Lisbon Strategy]
* Sapir, André (2003): An Agenda for a Growing Europe, Making the EU Economic System Deliver. Report of an Independent High-Level Study Group established on the initive of the President of the European Commission. [http://europa.eu.int/comm/dgs/policy_advisers/experts_groups/high_level_study_group_index_en.htm] [http://www.euractiv.com/nbdtext/innovation/sapirreport.pdf]
* [http://www.euractiv.com/en/future-eu/lisbon-agenda/article-117510 Euractiv background article about the Lisbon Agenda]
* [http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/ipa/05294.pdf Stefan Collignon, "Forward with Europe: a democratic and progressive reform agenda after the Lisbon strategy", Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Internat. Politikanalyse, April 2008.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lisbon Strategy — England, European Union, Wales The strategy agreed at the Lisbon Special Community European Council of 23 24 March 2000 to invigorate the EU s policies, against the backdrop of the most promising economic climate for a generation in the member… … Law dictionary
National Lisbon Strategy Implementation Programme — Nacionalinė Lisabonos strategijos įgyvendinimo 2008–2010 metų programa statusas Aprobuotas sritis ūkio plėtra ir ilgalaikė strategija apibrėžtis Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybės nutarimu patvirtintas vidutinės trukmės strateginio planavimo… … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
Lisbon (disambiguation) — Lisbon is the name of several places in the world:Portugal: *Lisbon, capital city of Portugal ( Lisboa in Portuguese) *Lisboa (district)United States: *Lisbon, Connecticut *Lisbon, Florida *Lisbon, Illinois *Lisbon, Iowa *Lisbon, Louisiana… … Wikipedia
Lisbon — Lisboa in Portuguese, is the capital of Portugal and capital of the Lisbon district. The city population is just over half a million; greater Lisbon area contains at least 2.5 million. Located on the north bank of one of the greatest harbors… … Historical dictionary of Portugal
Trading strategy index — Strategy indices are indices that track the performance of an algorithmic trading strategy. The algorithm clearly and transparently specifies all the actions that need to be taken. The following are examples of algorithms that strategies can be… … Wikipedia
Roland Berger Strategy Consultants — Infobox Company company name = Roland Berger Strategy Consultants company type = Partnership company company slogan = Creative strategies that work foundation = 1967 location = 37 offices in 26 countries key people = Roland Berger (Chairman),… … Wikipedia
Europe 2020 — is a 10 year strategy proposed by the European Commission on 3 March 2010 for reviving the economy of the European Union. It aims at smart, sustainable, inclusive growth with greater coordination of national and European policy. It follows the … Wikipedia
Higher education in Portugal — is divided into two main subsystems: university and polytechnic education. It is provided in autonomous public universities, private universities, public or private polytechnic institutions and higher education institutions of other types. Higher … Wikipedia
Education and Training 2010 — was the name given by the European Commission to the activities it supports which pursue the agenda set out in the 2001 report of European Ministers of Education to the Spring 2001 European Council, and in their 2002 joint work programme with the … Wikipedia
Open Method of Coordination — The open method of coordination (OMC) is a relatively new and intergovernmental means of governance in the European Union, based on the voluntary cooperation of its member states. Contents 1 Overview 2 Development of the OMC: from EMU to the EES… … Wikipedia