Song Moo Kwan
name = Song Moo Kwan
aka = songmookwan
March 11, 1944to present [ [http://scottshaw.com/taekwondohistory Scott Shaw's History of Taekwondo] ]
area = flagicon|Korea
Kaesŏng, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea[ [http://www.elanguageschool.net/martialartstutor/history-tang-soo-do History of Tang Soo Do] ]
founder = Byung Jik Ro
founder_dates = b.
July 3, 1919
arts_taught = Taekwondo
Kong Soo Do, Shaolin Kung Fu, Hapkido
ancestor_groups = Korean Kongsoodo Association
website = http://www.songmookwan.comInfobox Korean name
hanja=松武館 [ [http://kin.naver.com/knowhow/entry.php?d1id=5&dir_id=5&eid=dS5/RAsYC9C55wYtFYC43XCItj1es3o2 네이버 :: 지식iN ] ]
mr=Song Mu Kwan
rr=Song Mu Gwan
Song Moo Kwan is "The Ever Youthful House Of Martial Arts Training." Originally named "Song Do Kwan". Rich in history and tradition, Song Moo Kwan is one of the nine original
Kwansof Taekwondo in Korea. Its founder Byung Jick Ro, is one of the highest ranking Taekwondopractitioners in the world.
Byung Jick Ro was born July 3, 1919 in Kaesung City, Korea. Frail health forced him to enter school a year later than the other children. At the age of twelve, his strong interest in the ancient martial arts was intensified as he witnessed the techniques practiced in the local temples. His youthful spirit drove him to train with intense dedication subsequently strengthening and improving his health. As a young man, Ro traveled to Japan to attend Chou University. It was during this time that his passion for the martial arts led him to seek out Shotokan founder,
Gichin Funakoshi. Beginning in 1936, Ro studied Shotokan (Song Do Kwan) Karate in Japan under the founder of modern Karate, Gichin Funakoshi, along with Chung Do Kwan founder, Won Kuk Lee, subsequently earning his black belt. During college vacations he returned home and taught friends and neighbors the techniques he had learned. In February 1944 he returned to Korea, where he continued to create additional hand and foot techniques of his own. In the 1960s Ro began studying Hapkido in 1963 and Northern Shaolin Kung Fu in 1967. He trained Karate, Hapkido, Kumdo and Northern Shaolin Kung Fu. later he created his art Tang Soo Do. [ [http://www.songmookwan.com/ History of Song Song Moo Kwan] "In the 1960's Grand Master Ro distinguished himself by becoming one of the youngest to reach 4th Dan Black Belt at the time. Pursuing his interest in the traditional martial arts, he began studying Hapkido in 1963 and Northern Shaolin Kung Fu in 1967. He subsequently became an instructor to the Korean Army and one of Korea's Taekwondo champions. In 1976 he moved to the United States where he founded and developed the North American Taekwondo Federation. Like his father before him, he too is a pioneer. He conceived and pursued his own vision and extending the spirit and vision of Song Moo Kwan beyond Taekwondo to Hapkido, Kumdo and Northern Shaolin Kung Fu."] It is the combination of these techniques along with the ones he learned during his early years of training that helped in the formation of Taekwondo.
Honoring numerous training requests, he opened the Kaesung dojang on March 11, 1944 in the Kwan Duck Jung archery school, establishing the first of the "original founding kwans". Unfortu-nately, due to the situation in Korea during this time the dojang was forced to close within three to four months after opening. It was the end of World War II and Korea was under Japanese occupa-tion. Survival was the first priority for the people of Korea and training in the martial arts was far from their minds. On May 2, 1946, Ro re-established his art at Dong Hung Dong. For the next few years martial arts swept through the Korean general population and began to thrive as additional Kwans sprung up. However, war would again cause Ro and the rest of the founders to abandon their dreams as the Korean War forced them to close their doors.
Early Song Moo Kwan practice sessions started with an hour of warm up exercises consisting of lifting weights and then practicing on the Kwon Go (makiwara). Byung Jick Ro was known as a powerful puncher and kicker from his students. He always let his students punch the Kwon Go at least 100 times and then started the real practice. If students received the 4th Guep or higher, he let them spar. He was known to have his students practice in cold weather during winter and in the hot weather during summer. One of Byung Jick Ro’s original students, Young Sup Lee reflects: "Every six months, there was testing for promotion. Mainly one step sparring, three step sparring, free sparring and forms were used to decide promotions. But free sparring was for 4th Guep and higher, and 1st Dan required breaking a board. If these rules were broken, the Kwan Jang was very upset."
In July 1946, Byung Jik Ro (Song Moo Kwan), Won Kuk Lee (Chung Do Kwan), Sang Sup Chun (Yun Moo Kwan), and Byung In Yoon (Chang Moo Kwan) met to discuss Korean martial arts and possible unification. Hwang Kee (Moo Duk Kwan) was not present. Nothing definitive came from the meeting.
Korean Kong Soo Do Association
On May 25, 1953, while the war was still raging, representatives of the five original kwans (Song Moo Kwan, Chung Do Kwan, Yun Moo Kwan/Ji Do Kwan, Chang Moo Kwan and Moo Duk Kwan) met in Pusan and formed the Korea Kong Soo Do Association. The association did not elect a president. They elected Young-Joo Cho (a Yudo stylist) as Vice-President and Byung Jik Ro (Song Moo Kwan founder) as the Executive Director.
Byung Jik Ro was also established as "the master instructor" and as "the chair of the rank promotion committee." Eventually dissension set in, and the association dissolved. Chong Do Kwan continued to describe its art as Kong Soo Do until about 1962.
After the war ended, Hong Hi Choi and Tae Hi Nam founded the Oh Do Kwan within the military and for military personnel only, although it had strong links with the civilian Chung Do Kwan which Choi later founded in 1954. Choi claims to be the developer of the Chang Hon set of patterns used by the International Taekwondo Federation, but some believe they came from Tae Hi Nam, who had much more experience and training in the martial arts than Choi, who was his commanding of-ficer.
The Korean Taekwondo Association
On September 3, 1959, representatives of the six Kwans agreed to unite under the name Korea Taekwondo Association and General Hong Hi Choi was elected its president. General Choi was elected president because of his position as a general in the Korean Army (under a military regime) and because he promised the heads of the original kwans that he would promote Taekwondo. However, the country was poor and had other more pressing concerns than spending valuable resources on martial arts. Because the government failed to come through with the things Choi had promised, he fell into disfavor with the other kwan heads.
On September 19, 1961, by presidential decree, the newly formed association became the Korea Tae-Soo-Do Association. This is considered the "true" inauguration of the KTA. Mr. Che Myung Shin (a non-martial artist) was chosen the first KTA president, serving until January 15, 1965 when he was replaced by General Choi. Choi served as president for one year, during which he convinced the association to change its name back to the Korea Taekwondo Association. The name change was completed on August 5, 1965. On January 30, 1966, Byung Jik Ro, founder of the Song Moo Kwan was elected president of the KTA.
On January 8, 1977, nine of the largest kwans unified, recognizing the Kukkiwon as the black belt promotional body for Taekwondo. The WTF replaced kwan names with serial numbers. The kwan serial numbers are as follows: (1) Song-Moo-Kwan, (2) Han-Moo-Kwan, (3) Chang-Moo-Kwan, (4) Moo-Duk-Kwan, (5) O-Do-Kwan, (6) Kang-Du-Kwan, (7) Jung-Do-kwan, (8) Ji-Do-Kwan, and (9) Chung-Do-Kwan.
Taekwondo Song Moo Kwan still exists today. In the form of a Korean social club, Won Sik Kang is the President of Song Moo Kwan, having been appointed by Byung Jick Ro.
Hee Sang Ro, Byung Kick Ro's son, runs the World Song Moo Kwan Association, a global martial arts organization that carries on the traditional training developed by his father and serves as a resource for martial artists with Song Moo Kwan lineage, or those interested in traditional Taekwondo training.
The official training curriculum endorsed by Taekwondo Song Moo Kwan is the Kukkiwon curriculum. Song Moo Kwan as all Kwans, support the World Taekwondo Federation, the Kukkiwon and the Korea Taekwondo Association, whichRo helped to establish.
Korean martial arts
Tang Soo Do
* [http://www.songmookwan.com/ Song Moo Kwan Taekwondo Homepage]
* [http://www.wmacenter.com/ World Martial Arts Center, Song Moo Kwan US Headquarters]
* [http://www.song-moo-kwan.org/] American Song Moo Kwan Association
* [http://www.koreataekwondo.org/KTA_ENG/index.asp] Korean Taekwondo Association
* [http://www.kukkiwon.or.kr/english/index.jsp] The Kukkiwon - World Taekwondo Headquarters
* [http://www.wtf.org/] The World Taekwondo Federation
* [http://www.worldtaekwondoacademy.com/ Lee Byung Yul Homepage]
* [http://www.taekwondohalloffame.com/ Taekwondo Hall of Fame ]
* [http://sports.groups.yahoo.com/group/song_moo_kwan/ Free Song Moo Kwon online group]
# A Modern History of Taekwondo 1999 (Korean) Kyong Myung Lee and Kang Won Sik ISBN 89-358-0124-0
# Global Taekwondo 2003 (English) Kyo Yoon Lee ISBN 89-952721-4-7
# A Guide to Taekwondo 1996 (English) Kyo Yoon Lee ISBN 89-85936-05-0
# Kukkiwon 25th Anniversary Text 1997 (Korean) Un Yong Kim
# Kukkiwon Textbook 2006 (English/Korean) Um Woon Kyu
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Han Moo Kwan — El Han Moo Kwan es una de las nueve escuelas originales del Taekwondo, fue fundada por el Great Grand Master (Kwan) Kyo Yoon Lee (décimo dan) en agosto de 1954. El Great Grand Master Kyo Yoon Lee fue un estudiante en la Chosun Yun Moo Kwan Kong… … Wikipedia Español
Song Chong-Gug — Personal information Full name Song Chong gug … Wikipedia
Chung Do Kwan — (청도관) Date founded c.1944 Country of origin Seoul, South Korea Founder … Wikipedia
Ji Do Kwan — es una de las nueve escuelas originales del Taekwondo fue fundada por el Great Grand Master (Kwan) Sang Sup Chun el 3 de marzo de 1946. El Great Grand Master Chong Woo Lee fue un estudiante en la Chosun Yun Moo Kwan Kong Soo Do Bu, aprendió de su … Wikipedia Español
Korea Hapkido Federation — Infobox Korean name imgwidth=200 hangul=대한합기도협회 hanja=大韓合氣道協會 rr=Daehan Hapgido Hyeophoe mr=Taehan Hapkido HyŏphoeThe Korea Hapkido Federation is the largest, wholly hapkido, governing body for the Korean martial art of hapkido in the world. It… … Wikipedia
Kwans — This article is about martial arts. For the Finnish music band see Kwan Kwan (관 hanja: 館) in Korean literally means building or hall, but when used in martial arts it can also refer to a school or clan of martial artists who follow the same style … Wikipedia
Tang Soo Do — For other uses, see Tang Soo Do (disambiguation). Tang Soo Do Founder Hwang Kee (Founded Moo Duk Kwan Tang Soo Do) Ancestor arts Shotokan Karate, Subak, Taekkyeon, Kung Fu Descendant arts Chung Do Kwa … Wikipedia
Tangsudo — Hangul: 당수도 Hanja: 唐手道 Romanización revisada: Dangsudo McCune Reischauer: Tang soo do El tang soo do o ta … Wikipedia Español
Kong Soo Do — Infobox martial art group logo = logocaption = logosize = imagecaption = imagesize = name = Kong Soo Do aka = dates = 1940s to 1965 style = Primarily striking area = flagicon|Korea Korea founder = founder dates = head = arts taught = ancestor… … Wikipedia
Taekwondo — Khaoula Ben Hamza vs María del Rosario Espinoza … Wikipedia Español