National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health


National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NIOSH logo

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (or NIOSH) is the United States’ federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

NIOSH is headquartered in Washington, DC, with research laboratories and offices in Cincinnati, Ohio; Morgantown, West Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Denver, Colorado; Anchorage, Alaska; Spokane, Washington; and Atlanta, Georgia.[1] NIOSH is a professionally diverse organization with a staff of over 1,400 people representing a wide range of disciplines, including epidemiology, medicine, industrial hygiene, safety, psychology, engineering, chemistry, and statistics. The director of NIOSH is John Howard.

The Occupational Safety and Health Act, signed by President Richard M. Nixon, on December 29, 1970, created both NIOSH and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). NIOSH was established to help ensure safe and healthful working conditions by providing research, information, education, and training in the field of occupational safety and health. NIOSH provides national and world leadership to prevent work-related illness, injury, disability, and death by gathering information, conducting scientific research, and translating the knowledge gained into products and services.[2]

Contents

Strategic goals

NIOSH abides by a strategic plan for meeting institutional goals and allocating resources. The Institute has three overarching goals:[3]

  • To conduct research to reduce work-related illnesses and injuries
  • To promote safe and healthy workplaces through interventions, recommendations and capacity building
  • To enhance global workplace safety and health through international collaborations

The goals are supported by NIOSH's program portfolio. The portfolio categorizes Institute efforts into 8 groups representing industrial sectors. The program portfolio further subdivides efforts into 24 cross sectors.

NIOSH authority

Unlike its counterpart, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, NIOSH is not a regulatory agency. It does not issue safety and health standards that are enforceable under US law. Rather, NIOSH's authority under the Occupational Safety and Health Act [29 CFR § 671] is to "develop recommendations for health and safety standards", to "develop information on safe levels of exposure to toxic materials and harmful physical agents and substances," and to "conduct research on new safety and health problems." NIOSH may also "conduct on-site investigations (Health Hazard Evaluations) to determine the toxicity of materials used in workplaces" and "fund research by other agencies or private organizations through grants, contracts, and other arrangements."[4]

Also, pursuant to its authority granted to it by the Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, NIOSH may "develop recommendations for mine health standards for the Mine Safety and Health Administration", "administer a medical surveillance program for miners, including chest X-rays to detect pneumoconiosis (black lung disease) in coal miners", "conduct on-site investigations in mines similar to those authorized for general industry under the Occupational Safety and Health Act; and "test and certify personal protective equipment and hazard-measurement instruments."[4]

NIOSH publications

Alerts are put out by the agency to request assistance in preventing, solving, and controlling newly identified occupational hazards. They briefly present what is known about the risk for occupational injury, illness, and death.

Criteria Documents contain NIOSH's recommendations for the prevention of occupational diseases and injuries. These documents are submitted to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration or the Mine Safety and Health Administration for consideration in their formulation of legally-binding safety and health standards.

Current Intelligence Bulletins analyze new information about occupational health and safety hazards.

The National Agricultural Safety Database is published by NIOSH and contains citations and summaries of scholarly journal articles and reports about agricultural health and safety.

The Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program publishes occupational fatality data. Data is used to publish fatality reports by specific sectors of industry and types of fatal incidents.[5]

The NIOSH Power Tools Database contains sound power levels, sound pressure levels, and vibrations data for a variety of common power tools that have been tested by NIOSH researchers.

In popular culture

  • In the Iris Alternate Reality Game to hype Halo 3, it is called the NIOSH and is referenced alongside the CDC in helping in a "cleanup".

See also

References

  1. ^ NIOSH Divisions, Labs, and Offices
  2. ^ About NIOSH. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.
  3. ^ NIOSH Strategic Plan Outline 2004-2009. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
  4. ^ a b National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US) About NIOSH
  5. ^ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US) NIOSH Publications by Category

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health — Known for short as NIOSH, a US Federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work related disease and injury. Despite its name (which would suggest that it is part of the National Institutes… …   Medical dictionary

  • Occupational safety and health — is a cross disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goal of all occupational safety and health programs is to foster a safe work environment.[1] As a secondary effect …   Wikipedia

  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration — Not to be confused with EU OSHA, the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. For other uses, see OSHA (disambiguation). Occupational Safety and Health Administration Agency overview Formed 1970 …   Wikipedia

  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration — Das OSHA Logo Die Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) ist eine Bundesbehörde in den Vereinigten Staaten, die zur Durchsetzung des Bundesarbeitssicherheitsgesetzes von 1970 als Folge einer neuen Arbeitssicherheitsgesetzgebung (dem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Occupational Safety and Health, National Institute for — Better known as NIOSH, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is a US Federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work related disease and injury. Despite its name (which… …   Medical dictionary

  • Occupational Safety and Health Act — For other uses, see OSHA (disambiguation). The Occupational Safety and Health Act is the primary federal law which governs occupational health and safety in the private sector and federal government in the United States. It was enacted by… …   Wikipedia

  • Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Administration — (Oregon OSHA) is a government agency of the U.S. state of Oregon. OSHA is a division of the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services and operates under a state plan agreement with federal OSHA. [ [http://www.osha.gov/ Federal OSHA] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division — The Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (Oregon OSHA or OR OSHA) is a state government agency that regulates workplace safety and health in the U.S. state of Oregon. Oregon OSHA is a division of the Oregon Department of Consumer and… …   Wikipedia

  • Institution of Occupational Safety and Health — (IOSH) – Институт по технике безопасности и Охране Здоровья (Великобритания). IOSH является лидером по количеству профессионалов в области ТБ и ОЗ по Европе. В состав входят почти 33000 членов организаций из них более 13000… …   Википедия

  • National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (Georgia (country)) — National Center for Disease Control and Public Health is a national agency of the country of Georgia, under the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs. It is based in the capital Tbilisi. The NCDC is tasked with protecting the public s… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.