Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Marie of Saxe-Altenburg Queen consort of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Tevoitdale Tenure 18 November 1851 – 12 June 1878 Spouse George V Issue Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen
Princess Marie of Hanover
Full name Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina House House of Saxe-Altenburg
House of Hanover
Father Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg Mother Duchess Amelia of Württemberg Born 14 April 1818
Died 9 January 1907(aged 88)
Burial Gmunden, Austria
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina; German: Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Theresia Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine; 14 April 1818 – 9 January 1907) was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
Marie was born at Hildburghausen, as Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, the eldest daughter of Joseph, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. In 1826 the family moved to Altenburg as a result of a transfer of territories among the various branches of the Ernestine Wettins, and Marie took the title Princess of Saxe-Altenburg in place of the previous
Queen of Hanover
The Crown Prince and Princess became King and Queen of Hanover upon the death of his father, Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, on 18 November 1851. Her husband was expelled from his kingdom in 1866 as a result of his support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, and on 20 September 1866, the Kingdom was annexed by Prussia. Nevertheless, George never abdicated; he, Marie and their children lived in exile at Gmunden, in Austria, until George's death in 1878.
On 18 September 1872, Queen Marie was godmother to Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein. Princess Marie Louise was the youngest daughter of HRH Princess Helena (Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein); Queen Victoria & HRH Prince Albert's third daughter and fifth child.
Queen Marie died, some twenty-eight years after her husband, on 9 January 1907, at Gmunden, where she was later buried.
Titles, style, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 14 April 1818–12 November 1826: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen
- 12 November 1826–18 February 1843: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
- 18 February 1843–18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover
- 18 November 1851–9 January 1907: Her Majesty The Queen of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Royal Princess of Great Britain and Ireland and Duchess of Brunswick and Lunenburg.
Name Birth Death Notes Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover 21 September 1845 14 November 1923 Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; born at Hanover, married Princess Thyra of Denmark; had issue Princess Frederica of Hanover 9 January 1848 16 October 1926 born at Hanover, died at Biarritz; married Litubert, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen; had issue Princess Marie of Hanover 3 December 1849 4 June 1904 Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elizabeth Alexandrina; born at Hanover, died unmarried at Gmunden
Marie's ancestors in three generations
8. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 4. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen 9. Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar 2. Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 10. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg 5. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 11. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt 1. Marie of Saxe-Altenburg 12. Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg 6. Duke Louis of Württemberg 13. Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt 3. Amelia of Württemberg 14. Charles Christian, Duke of Nassau-Weilburg 7. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg 15. Carolina of Orange-NassauMarie of Saxe-AltenburgCadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 14 April 1818 Died: 9 January 1907 Hanoverian royalty Preceded by
Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Queen consort of Hanover
18 November 1851 – 20 September 1866
Titles in pretence Preceded by
as Queen consort
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of Hanover
20 September 1866 – 12 June 1878
Thyra of Denmark
Princesses of Saxe-Altenburg by birth The generations indicate descent from Duke Frederick I, the first junior line Duke of Saxe-Altenburg. 1st GenerationCharlotte, Princess Paul of Württemberg* • Therese, Queen of Bavaria* • Louise, Duchess of Nassau* 2nd Generation 3rd GenerationMarie, Princess Albert of Prussia • Marie Anne, Princess of Schaumburg-Lippe • Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna of Russia • Princess Margarethe • Luise Charlotte, Duchess of Anhalt • Olga, Countess of Pückler-Burghauss and Freifrau von Groditz • Marie, Princess Heinrich XXXV Reuss of Köstritz 4th GenerationCharlotte, Princess Sigismund of Prussia • Princess Elisabeth Karola *Born a princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen British princesses by marriage 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generationPrincess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg 6th generation 7th generation 8th generation 9th generation 10th generation 11th generation * also princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in her own right. 1st generation 2nd generation
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg*
3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation *also a princess by marriage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
**did not have a royal or noble title by birth
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