Marie of Saxe-Altenburg

Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Queen consort of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Tevoitdale
Tenure 18 November 1851 – 12 June 1878
Spouse George V
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Princess Frederica, Baroness von Pawel-Rammingen
Princess Marie of Hanover
Full name
Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina
House House of Saxe-Altenburg
House of Hanover
Father Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Mother Duchess Amelia of Württemberg
Born 14 April 1818(1818-04-14)
Hildburghausen, Thuringia
Died 9 January 1907(1907-01-09) (aged 88)
Gmunden, Austria
Burial Gmunden, Austria

Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina; German: Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Theresia Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine; 14 April 1818 – 9 January 1907) was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.


Early life

Marie was born at Hildburghausen, as Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, the eldest daughter of Joseph, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. In 1826 the family moved to Altenburg as a result of a transfer of territories among the various branches of the Ernestine Wettins, and Marie took the title Princess of Saxe-Altenburg in place of the previous


Marie married, on 18 February 1843, at Hanover, George, The Crown Prince of Hanover. They had three children - Prince Ernest Augustus, Princess Frederica, and Princess Marie.

Queen of Hanover

The Crown Prince and Princess became King and Queen of Hanover upon the death of his father, Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, on 18 November 1851. Her husband was expelled from his kingdom in 1866 as a result of his support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, and on 20 September 1866, the Kingdom was annexed by Prussia. Nevertheless, George never abdicated; he, Marie and their children lived in exile at Gmunden, in Austria, until George's death in 1878.

Marie and Marie from Hanover, postcard by Carl Jagerspacher, Gmunden 1904, with the original signature of "Marie R. (Regina)"

On 18 September 1872, Queen Marie was godmother to Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein. Princess Marie Louise was the youngest daughter of HRH Princess Helena (Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein); Queen Victoria & HRH Prince Albert's third daughter and fifth child.

Later life

Queen Marie died, some twenty-eight years after her husband, on 9 January 1907, at Gmunden, where she was later buried.

Titles, style, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 14 April 1818–12 November 1826: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen
  • 12 November 1826–18 February 1843: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
  • 18 February 1843–18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover
  • 18 November 1851–9 January 1907: Her Majesty The Queen of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Royal Princess of Great Britain and Ireland and Duchess of Brunswick and Lunenburg.


Name Birth Death Notes
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover 21 September 1845 14 November 1923 Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick; born at Hanover, married Princess Thyra of Denmark; had issue
Princess Frederica of Hanover 9 January 1848 16 October 1926 born at Hanover, died at Biarritz; married Litubert, Baron von Pawel-Rammingen; had issue
Princess Marie of Hanover 3 December 1849 4 June 1904 Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elizabeth Alexandrina; born at Hanover, died unmarried at Gmunden


Marie's ancestors in three generations

8. Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
4. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
9. Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar
2. Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
10. Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
5. Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
11. Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt
1. Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
12. Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg
6. Duke Louis of Württemberg
13. Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
3. Amelia of Württemberg
14. Charles Christian, Duke of Nassau-Weilburg
7. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
15. Carolina of Orange-Nassau

External links

Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 14 April 1818 Died: 9 January 1907
Hanoverian royalty
Preceded by
Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Queen consort of Hanover
18 November 1851 – 20 September 1866
Succeeded by
Kingdom abolished
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
as Queen consort
Queen consort of Hanover
20 September 1866 – 12 June 1878
Succeeded by
Thyra of Denmark

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