Alfred Romer

Alfred Sherwood Romer (December 28, 1894 - November 5, 1973) was an American paleontologist and comparative anatomist and a specialist in vertebrate evolution.

Biography

Alfred Romer was born in White Plains, New York, and studied at Amherst College and Columbia University. Romer joined the department of geology and paleontology at the University of Chicago as an associate professor in 1923. He was an active researcher and teacher. His collecting program added important Paleozoic specimens to the Walker Museum of Paleontology. In 1934 he was appointed professor of biology at Harvard University. In 1946, he also became director of the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Evolutionary research

Romer was very keen in investigating vertebrate evolution. Comparing facts from paleontology, comparative anatomy, and embryology, he taught the basic structural and functional changes that happened during the evolution of fishes to primitive terrestrial vertebrates and from these to all other tetrapods. He always emphasized the evolutionary significance of the relationship between the form and function of animals and the environment.

Namesake

In July 2007 a species of pre-dinosaurs or dinosauromorphs was named "Dromomeron romeri": "the first part meaning 'running femur,' the latter in honor of paleontologist Alfred Sherwood Romer, a key figure in evolution research." The finding of these fossils was hailed as a breakthrough proving dinosaurs and dinosauromorphs "lived together for as long as 15 million to 20 million years." [cite news|title=Grad student finds 'pre-dinosaur'| date=2007-07-20|author=Andrew Herrmann|url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/metro/476588,CST-NWS-predino20.article|publisher=Chicago Sun-Times]

Books

*Romer, A.S. 1933. "Vertebrate Paleontology." University of Chicago Press, Chicago. (2nd ed. 1945; 3rd ed. 1966)
*Romer, A.S. 1933. "Man and the Vertebrates." University of Chicago Press, Chicago. (2nd ed. 1937; 3rd ed. 1941; 4th ed., retitled "The Vertebrate Story", 1949)
*Romer, A.S. 1949. "The Vertebrate Body." W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. (2nd ed. 1955; 3rd ed. 1962; 4th ed. 1970)
*Romer, A.S. 1949. "The Vertebrate Story." University of Chicago Press, Chicago. (4th ed. of "Man and the Vertebrates")
*Romer, A.S. 1956. "Osteology of the Reptiles." University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
*Romer, A.S. 1968. "Notes and Comments on Vertebrate Paleontology." University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
*Romer, A.S. & T.S. Parsons. 1977. "The Vertebrate Body." 5th ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. (6th ed. 1985)

ources

External links

* http://www.wku.edu/~smithch/chronob/ROME1894.htm


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  • Alfred Sherwood Romer — (* 28. Dezember 1894 in White Plains, New York; † 5. November 1973) war ein US amerikanischer Paläontologe. Sein Fachgebiet war die Evolution der Wirbeltiere. Alfred Sherwood Romer wurde in White Plains, New York geboren und studierte am Amherst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Römer (surname) — Romer, Römer or Roemer is a (German) surname, and may refer to* Alfred Romer (1894–1973), U.S. paleontologist * Buddy Roemer (born 1943), governor of Louisiana. ** Romer s gap in the record of vertebrate fossils c. 360–340 million years ago *… …   Wikipedia

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  • Romer's gap — is an example of a gap in the fossil record. It is named after paleontologist Dr. Alfred Romer. The fossil record is used in the study of evolution. A fossil record gap is a period from which excavators have found very few fossils.Romer s Gap… …   Wikipedia

  • Romer-Simpson Medal — Die Romer Simpson Medaille (engl.: Romer Simpson Medal) ist die höchste Auszeichnung der Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (Gesellschaft für Wirbeltierpaläontologie) für „anhaltende und herausragende wissenschaftliche Leistungen und Verdienste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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