C-1 Trader


C-1 Trader

infobox Aircraft
name = C-1 Trader
type = Transport
manufacturer =Grumman




caption =
designer =
first flight =4 December avyear|1952
introduced = avyear|1952
retired = avyear|1988
number built = 83 (C-1), 4 (EC-1A)
status =
unit cost =
primary user =United States Navy
more users =
developed from = S-2 Tracker
variants with their own articles = E-1 Tracer
The C-1 Trader was a carrier-onboard-delivery (COD) variant of the S-2 Tracker. It was replaced by a similar version of the E-2 Hawkeye, the C-2 Greyhound.

Design and development

The C-1 Trader grew out of a need by the United States Navy for a new anti submarine airplane. In response to this Grumman began development on a prototype twin-engine, high-wing aircraft which it designated the G-89.

Operational history

In 1952 the United States Navy typed this aircraft the XS2F-1 and flew it for the first time on December 4th of that year. During the rest of the 1950s 3 major variants emerged, the C-1 Trader being one of them. The C-1 (originally the TF-1) was outfitted to carry nine passengers or 3500 pounds of cargo and first flew in January 1955. Through out the 1960s and 1970s the C-1 Trader carried mail and supplies to aircraft carriers on station in the Pacific Ocean during the Vietnam War and also served as a trainer for all weather carrier operations. Over its production life 83 C-1 "Traders" were built plus four EC-1A "Tracers" which were converted into electronic countermeasure aircraft. The last C-1 was retired from US Navy service in 1988 though approximately ten are still operated as vintage war birds.

Variants

;TF-1:Carrier Onboard Delivery version of the S2F Tracker with enlarged fuselage for 9 passengers, redesignated C-1A in 1962, 87 built.;TF-1Q:Electronic Countermeasures conversion of the TF-1, redesignated EC-1A in 1962, four conversions.;TF-1W:Airborne Early Warning project that was developed in the WF-2 Tracer.;C-1A:TF-1 redesignated in 1962.;EC-1A:TF-1Q redesignated in 1962.

Operators

;USA
*United States Navy

pecifications

aircraft specification

plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
crew=2
length main=42.2 ft
length alt=12.9 m
span main=69.6 ft
span alt=21.2 m
height main=16.3 ft
height alt=4.9 m
area main=
area alt=
empty weight main=18,750 lbs
empty weight alt=8,504 kg
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
max takeoff weight main=29,150 lbs
max takeoff weight alt=13,222 kg
engine (prop)=Wright R-1820-82WA Cyclone
type of prop=9-cylinder radial piston engine
number of props=2
power main=1,525 hp
power alt=1,137 kW
max speed main=287 mph
max speed alt=462 km/h
range main=1,300 miles
range alt=2,092 km
ceiling main=
ceiling alt=
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=
loading alt=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
armament=

ee also

aircontent
related=
*S-2 Tracker
*E-1 Tracer
similar aircraft=
*C-2 Greyhound
lists=
see also=
*Carrier onboard delivery

References

External links


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