Proprietary Governor

Proprietary Governors were individuals authorized to govern proprietary colonies. Under the proprietary system, individuals or companies were granted commercial charters by the King of England to establish colonies. These proprietors then selected the governors and other officials in the colony. This system was used to establish several colonies on the island of Newfoundland. The provinces of Maryland, Carolina and several other colonies in the Americas were initially established under the proprietary system.

These colonies were distinct from royal colonies in that they were commercial enterprises established under authority of the crown. Proprietary Governors had legal responsibilities over the colony as well as responsibilities to shareholders to ensure the security of their investments.

The proprietary system was a mostly inefficient system, in that the proprietors were, for the most part, like absentee landlords. Many never even visited the colonies they owned. By the early 1700s, nearly all of the proprietary colonies had either surrendered their charters to the crown to become royal colonies, or else had significant limitations placed on them by the crown.

ee also

*Cuper's Cove
*Virginia Company
*British colonization of the Americas
*British colonial grants in North America (1621-1639)
*List of Newfoundland and Labrador lieutenant-governors

External links

* [http://www.heritage.nf.ca/govhouse/governorship/proprietary.html Proprietary Governors, 1610-1728 (Newfoundland)]
* [http://www.dinsdoc.com/greene-2-0a.htm The Provincial Governor in the English Colonies of North America]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Proprietary colleges — are American for profit colleges and universities. They are operated by their owners or investors, rather than a not for profit institution, religious organization, or state or local government. Sometimes a proprietary college may also overlap… …   Wikipedia

  • proprietary colony — noun a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century) • Hypernyms: ↑colony, ↑settlement * * * noun : a colony granted to some individual or individuals with the fullest prerogatives of goverment compare charter colony, royal colony * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles Calvert (governor) — For other people named Charles Calvert, see Charles Calvert (disambiguation). Captain Charles Calvert Captain Charles Calvert, Governor of Maryland. Painting by John Wollaston. Collection of the Baltimore Museum of Art. Governor of Maryland …   Wikipedia

  • John Coode (Governor of Maryland) — John Coode (1648, Cornwallndash February or March 1709) is best known for leading a rebellion that overthrew Maryland s colonial government in 1689. He participated in four separate uprisings and briefly served as Maryland s governor (1689… …   Wikipedia

  • Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador — Infobox vice regal province = Newfoundland and Labrador shield = Shield NL.png incumbent = John Crosbie his/her = His appointed by = Michaëlle Jean first lg = Sir Albert Walsh date = March 31, 1949The Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and… …   Wikipedia

  • John Hart (Governor of Maryland) — John Hart served as royal governor of the Maryland colony from 1714 1715 and continued as proprietary governor from 1715 1720, after the restoration of proprietary control to Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore …   Wikipedia

  • Phillip Calvert (governor) — Phillip Calvert (or Philip) was the Proprietary Governor of the colony of Maryland during a brief period in 1660 or 1661.He was appointed by the royally chartered proprietor of Maryland, Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, as a caretaker to… …   Wikipedia

  • John Guy (governor) — John Guy (d. c. March 1629) was a merchant from Bristol, England, and the first Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland leading the first attempt to establish a colony on the island. Prior to leaving for Newfoundland, John Guy had been a member of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Mason (governor) — Captain John Mason (1586 ndash; 1635) was born at King s Lynn, Norfolk, England. He was a sailor, explorer, cartographer and colonizer. Mason was appointed the second Proprietary Governor of Newfoundland s Cuper s Cove colony in 1615, succeeding… …   Wikipedia

  • William Hill (governor) — William Hill was the Proprietary Governor of the Province of Avalon in Newfoundland from 1634 to 1638. He was appointed to the position by Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. Sir George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore had founded the colony and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.