- United New Zealand
"United New Zealand logo"
United New Zealand was a centrist
political partyin New Zealand. It eventually merged with another party to form the modern United Future New Zealandgroup.
United was founded in the middle of
1995, one of a number of new parties hoping to capitalize on the upcoming switch to the MMPelectoral system. It was intended to be a centrist party, encompassing moderate voters from both the centre-left and the centre-right. The party was established by four MPs from the National Party, two MPs from the Labour Party, and former Labour MP Peter Dunne, who had already established his own party, Future New Zealand (not to be confused with the party of the same name which United later merged with). The party was led by Clive Matthewson, a former Labour MP.
The MPs who established United were:
Peter Dunne(Future New Zealand, originally Labour)
*John Robertson (National)
The party, while initially attracting interest, performed poorly in the 1996 election. The party's policies were centrist and liberal in nature but to many appeared too bland to attract media profile. In addition, Matthewson, while charismatic, was seen by many as an intellectual light-weight. When United entered into a coalition with the governing National Party in
1996, securing a Cabinet post for Peter Dunne, many commentators claimed that the party had abandoned its centrist stance. United claimed that a deal with National would allow United to moderate National's more extreme right-wing tendencies and that such arrangements would become common practice under the new MMP system.
In the 1996 election, United performed poorly. Peter Dunne was the only United MP to retain his seat, with all others being ejected from Parliament. Clive Matthewson, whose seat had been abolished in the change to MMP, placed fourth in his new electorate. As the party's only surviving MP, Peter Dunne became leader of United.
In the 1999 election, United's share of the vote declined even further,with swinging voters shifting to Labour to oust the Shipley government. However, Peter Dunne managed to retain his electorate seat thereby preserving United's parliamentary representation. Later, however, United decided to merge with a pro-family, evangelical Christian-based party
Future New Zealand(not to be confused with Peter Dunne's party before United was formed). Future New Zealand, the former Christian Democrats, was not represented in parliament. The merged party adopted the name United Future New Zealand, and has since established a caucus that has extended from seven (47th New Zealand Parliament, 2002-2005) to three (48th New Zealand Parliament, 2005-2007) down to two members (48th New Zealand Parliament, May 2007 - ) with the departure of Gordon Copeland MP. Of these two caucuses, Dunne has remained the only constituency MP, while his caucus formed from United Future's MMP party list, and consists of Mps who are progressive on social justice issues but conservative on some moral issues.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New Zealand Football Championship — Countries New Zealand … Wikipedia
New Zealand National Party — Rōpū Nāhinara Leader John Key Preside … Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 1996 — 1993 ← members October 12, 1996 (1996 10 12) … Wikipedia
United Future New Zealand — Infobox New Zealand Political Party name english = United Future name maori = party party wikicolourid = UFNZ leader = Peter Dunne president = Denise Krum deputy = Judy Turner mps = 2 foundation = 2000 ideology = Centrist international = Not… … Wikipedia
United Party (New Zealand) — This article discusses the party which originated in 1927 from a faction of the Liberal Party. United New Zealand, a political party founded in 1995 is unrelated. The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal… … Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 2005 — 2002 ← members 17 September 2005 (2005 09 17) … Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 2008 — 2005 ← members 8 November 2008 (2008 11 08) … Wikipedia
New Zealand general election, 2002 — 1999 ← members July 27, 2002 (2002 07 27) … Wikipedia
New Zealand Army — Ngāti Tumatauenga Active 1845 – present Country … Wikipedia
New Zealand in the Vietnam War — New Zealand Army Deployment Part of the Vietnam War Members of 161 Battery, Royal New … Wikipedia