Thomas Lanier Clingman
Infobox Military Person
name= Thomas Lanier Clingman
July 27, 1812– Dda|1897|11|3|1812|7|27
Huntsville, North Carolina
Morganton, North Carolina
Confederate States of America
American Civil War
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
Battle of Globe Tavern
Battle of Bentonville
laterwork= U.S. senator U.S. congressman
Thomas Lanier Clingman (
July 27, 1812– November 3, 1897), known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representativesfrom 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolinabetween 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army.
Clingman was born in Huntsville, a small community in present day
Yadkin County, North Carolina. His parents were Jacob and Jane Poindexter Clingman. He was educated by private tutors and in the public schools in Iredell County, NC. Clingman graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1832. He then studied lawand was admitted to the bar in 1834 and began practice in Huntsville.
Clingman was elected to the North Carolina State house of commons in 1835. In 1836 he moved to
Asheville, North Carolina. He was a member of the North Carolina State senate in 1840. In 1843 Clingman ran as a Whig and was elected to the 28th United States Congress, however he was defeated in his reelection bid in 1845. In 1845 he fought a duel with a fellow congressman William Lowndes Yanceyof Alabama. In Yancey's maiden speech on the House floor, he had impugned his opponent's integrity. Both duelists had missed. In 1847 he regained the seat and won reelection in 1849, 1851, 1853, 1855 and 1857. On May 7, 1858, he resigned after becoming a United States Senatoras a Democrat the previous day, replacing the resigning Asa Biggs. He was reelected but was expelled from the Senate for support of the rebellion.
When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a
brigadeof infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st and 61st North Carolina Infantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at Goldsboro, Battery Wagner, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Globe Tavern, Fort Fisher and Bentonville.
After the Civil War, Clingman explored and measured mountains in western North Carolina and
Tennessee. Tennessee's highest mountain, also partly in North Carolina, was named Clingman's Domein his honor. He died in Morganton, NCand was buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, NC. [Cite web | url = http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/asheville/riv.htm | title = Riverside Cemetery | work = nps.gov | publisher = National Register of Historic Places| accessdate = 2008-02-25]
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