List of areas in the United States National Park System
The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. This includes all areas designated National Parks and most National Monuments, as well as several other types of protected areas of the United States.
As of 2011, there are 397 units of the National Park System. However, this number is somewhat misleading. For example: Denali National Park and Preserve is counted as two units, whereas Fort Moultrie is not counted as a unit because it is considered a feature of the Fort Sumter National Monument.
In addition to areas of the National Park System, the National Park Service also provides technical and financial assistance to several affiliated areas authorized by Congress. Affiliated areas are marked on the lists below.
The National Register of Historic Places is administered by the Park Service (with nearly 79,000 entries) and automatically includes all National Park System areas designated due to their historic significance. This includes all National Historical Parks/Historic Sites, National Battlefields/Military Parks, National Memorials, and some National Monuments.
Delaware is the only state without a unit of the National Park System. Units are found in all other states, in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.
Nearly all units managed by the National Park Service participate in the National Park Passport Stamps program.
There are 58 officially-designated National Parks in the United States and its dependent areas.
Disbanded National Parks
Name Established Disbanded Result Abraham Lincoln National Park July 17, 1916 August 11, 1939 redesignated Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park Fort McHenry National Park March 3, 1925 August 11, 1939 redesignated, uniquely, Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine General Grant National Park October 1, 1890 March 4, 1940 incorporated into Kings Canyon National Park Hawaii National Park August 1, 1916 September 13, 1960 divided into Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Haleakala National Park Mackinac National Park April 15, 1875 1895 now Mackinac Island State Park Platt National Park June 29, 1906 March 17, 1976 now Chickasaw National Recreation Area Sullys Hill National Park April 27, 1904 March 3, 1931 now Sullys Hill National Game Preserve (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
Decommissioned National Monuments
Name Established Disbanded Result Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914 April 7, 1930 Transferred to Arizona Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument May 11, 1908 August 24, 1937 Transferred to Montana Father Millet Cross National Monument August 10, 1933 September 7, 1949 Transferred to New York Wheeler National Monument December 7, 1908 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service Holy Cross National Monument May 11, 1929 August 3, 1950 Returned to United States Forest Service Jackson Hole National Monument 1943 September 14, 1950 Now part of Grand Teton National Park Shoshone Cavern National Monument September 21, 1909 May 17, 1954 Transferred to Cody, Wyoming. Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 Transferred to United States Forest Service Castle Pinckney National Monument August 10, 1933 March 29, 1956 Transferred to South Carolina Verendrye National Monument June 29, 1917 July 30, 1956 Transferred to North Dakota Fossil Cycad National Monument October 21, 1922 August 1, 1956 Transferred to Bureau of Land Management Ackia Battlefield National Monument August 27, 1935 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway Meriwether Lewis National Monument February 6,1925 August 10, 1961 Incorporated into Natchez Trace Parkway Petrified Forest National Monument December 8, 1906 December 9, 1962 Incorporated into Petrified Forest National Park Mound City Group National Monument January 1, 1918 January 2, 1992 Incorporated into Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Minidoka Internment National Monument January 17, 2001 May 8, 2008 Incorporated into Minidoka National Historic Site
There are 18 national preserves.
National Historical Parks
There are 45 National Historical Parks.
Proposed National Historical Parks
Name Law First State National Historical Park, DE (112th Congress: HR 624, S. 323)
National Historic Sites
The National Park Service administers most of the National Historic Sites. However, the U.S. Forest Service manages one, Grey Towers National Historic Site, and the BLM manages Fort Craig National Historic Site.
There are 89 National Historic Sites, of which 78 are NPS units and 11 are affiliated areas.
Disbanded National Historic Sites
Name Established Disbanded Result Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site October 13, 1944 September 21, 1950 transferred to state of Georgia. Mar-A-Lago National Historic Site October 21, 1972 December 23, 1980 returned to Post Foundation. McLoughlin House National Historic Site merged into Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. St. Thomas National Historic Site December 24, 1960 February 5, 1975 transferred to Virgin Islands.
Proposed National Historic Sites
Name Law Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site (authorized by Public Law 107-137)
International Historic Site
Name Location Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine/New Brunswick
National Battlefield Parks
Name Location Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia River Raisin National Battlefield Park Michigan
National Military Parks
Disbanded National Military Park
Name Established Disbanded Result Moores Creek National Military Park June 2, 1926 September 8, 1980 Redesignated Moores Creek National Battlefield
National Battlefield Site
Name Location Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi
There are 28 National Memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.
Disbanded National Memorials
Name Established Disbanded Result New Echota Marker National Memorial August 10, 1933 September 21, 1950 transferred to state of Georgia.
Proposed National Memorials
Name Law Adams Memorial (authorized by Public Law 107-62) Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial (authorized by Public Law 107-117) Mount Soledad National Memorial (authorized by Public Law 108-447)
National Recreation Areas
There are 18 National Recreation Areas.
Disbanded National Recreation Areas
Name Established Disbanded Result Cuyahoga Valley National Rec. Area December 27, 1974 October 11, 2000 redesignated Cuyahoga Valley National Park Shasta Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 July 1, 1948 transferred to Forest Service Lake Texoma Recreation Area April 18, 1946 June 30, 1949 returned to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Millerton Lake Recreation Area May 22, 1945 November 1, 1957 transferred to state of California Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area July 22, 1963 October 1, 1968 transferred to Forest Service Shadow Mountain Recreation Area June 27, 1952 March 1, 1979 transferred to Forest Service
There are 10 National Seashores.
There are four National Lakeshores, located in Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin.
Name Location Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan
There are 5 National Rivers and 10 National Wild and Scenic Rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System.
Name Location City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey
Name Location Baltimore-Washington Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland, Washington, D.C. Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia Foothills Parkway (part of Great Smoky Mountains National Park) Tennessee George Washington Memorial Parkway (In 1989, the Maryland and DC portions of the Parkway were renamed Clara Barton Parkway to overcome motorist confusion). Virginia, Maryland, Washington, D.C. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area) Washington, D.C. Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (affiliated area) Washington, D.C. Suitland Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland
National Historic and Scenic Trails
These National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only 3 of the trails are considered official units of the Park system.
Most National Cemeteries are administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.
Name Location Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery Illinois Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee Antietam National Cemetery Maryland Arlington National Cemetery Virginia Battleground National Cemetery Washington, D.C. Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana Custer National Cemetery Montana Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia
Transferred National Cemeteries
Name Established Disbanded Result Chattanooga National Cemetery August 10, 1933 December 7, 1944 returned to War Department
National Heritage Areas
- See also:
- U.S. National Heritage Areas
The National Park Service provides limited assistance to National Heritage Areas, but does not administer them.
Other NPS Protected Areas and Administrative Groups
There are 10 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and National Capital Parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations and some are also National Historic Sites.
There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.
Disbanded Other Areas
Name Established Disbanded Result National Visitor Center, Washington, D.C. March 12, 1968 December 29, 1981 transferred to Department of Transportation. John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts June 16, 1972 July 21, 1994 transferred to Kennedy Center Trustees.
Proposed Other Areas
Name Source Delaware National Bayshore, DE State of Delaware and U.S. Dept. of the Interior
- List of the United States National Park System official units (the 397)
- List of all national parks of the world
- List of U.S. state parks
- United States Memorials
- National Park Passport Stamps
- List of National Natural Landmarks
- List of tourist attractions worldwide
- Bureau Historian (2006). "Former National Park System Units: An Analysis".
- National Park Service. "National Monument Proclamations under the Antiquities Act"
- National Park Service Office of Public Affairs (2009). "Units in the National Park System". Last November 5, 2009. (Lists 392 NPS units by classification).
- Alphabetical list of places at the National Park Service website
- Former National Park System Units: An Analysis
- National Park Service
- National Park Foundation
- Parks by Date of Establishment
- United States National Parks travel guide from Wikitravel
- America's Hidden Treasures, an essay on the lesser known National Parks
-  The National Park Travelers Club - an organization of individuals attempting to visit all units of the NPS
U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other
- See also:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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