Bonusus was a Bishop of
Sardicaor Naissus, in the latter part of the fourth century, founder of the heresy, [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02677b.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Bonosus ] ] known after him as Bonosians.
Against the common teaching ] of the
Catholic Churchhe held that, after Jesus, Maryhad several other children. The Council of Capuain 391, before which the matter was brought, did not pass any judgment on it, but referred it to the Metropolitan Anysius of Thessalonicaand the other bishops of Illyria. They condemned Bonosus and tried to exclude him from his church. In a letter to the same bishops Pope Siriciusapproves the sentence and also condemns the opinion that Mary did not always preserve her virginity. Notwithstanding his condemnation, and the prudent advice of his study friend St. Ambroseto submit, Bonosus continued to exercise the episcopalfunctions, to consecrate bishops and ordain priests. According to two letters of Pope Innocent I, one to Martian of Naïssain 409 and the other to the bishops of Macedonia in 414, those ordained by Bonosus before his condemnation were to be received in the Church without a new ordination, those ordained since Bonosus's condemnation, especially if they had themselves sought to be ordained by him, were to be deprived of their dignity. As Innocentspeaks of Bonosus as no longer living, we may infer that he died at the end of the fourth, or the beginning of the fifth century. The baptism conferred by the his followers, the Bonosians, was by some declared valid and by others invalid.
Whether, besides denying Mary's perpetual virginity, Bonosus also denied Christ's divinity cannot be determined with certainty, but it is certain that the Bonosians, to whom we find references in the councils and in ecclesiastical writers up to the seventh century, denied this
dogma. On this point they were at one with the Photinians. As a consequence, they affirmed the purely adoptive divine filiationof Christ. However, they differed from the Adoptionistsin rejecting all natural sonship, whereas the Adoptionists, distinguishing in Christ the God and the man, attributed to the former a natural, and to the latter an adoptive sonship.
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