Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China


Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China

Taiwan Province of the People's Republic of China (zh-stp|t=臺灣省 or 台灣省|s=台湾省|p=Táiwān shěng) is a theoretical administrative province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), covering an area over which the PRC has no control. PRC claims the entirety of the island of Taiwan and its surrounding islets, including the Pescadores, as parts of its Taiwan Province. The territory is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC). The PRC claims that Taiwan is part of China, and that the PRC succeeded the ROC as the sole legitimate authority in all of China upon its founding in 1949 (see Political status of Taiwan).

Divisions

The claimed official borders and divisions of the Taiwan Province of People's Republic of China mirror those of the ROC Taiwan Province prior to 1949. The PRC has not acknowledged any changes made post-1949 by the ROC. Thus, the elevation of Taipei and Kaohsiung to be provincial-level cities have not been recognized by the PRC, and both cities appear as part of Taiwan Province in publications issued by the PRC. Also, the PRC still regards Taipei as the capital city of Taiwan Province, instead of Jhongsing Village which is the capital of the ROC Taiwan Province. This is analogous to the previous practice of the ROC in producing maps depicting mainland administrative boundaries the way they were in 1949.

Both the PRC and the ROC regard the Diaoyutai (Senkaku) Islands, administered by Japan and but claimed by the PRC and ROC, as a part of their own respective Taiwan Provinces.

Representation

Thirteen delegates are elected to the National People's Congress to represent Taiwan Province. These delegates have Taiwanese ancestry, and are elected by a constituency comprising people with Taiwanese ancestry, not by present residents of Taiwan. As the older members retire or die, newer members tend to be born in mainland China.Fact|date=August 2008

ee also

*Taiwan Province
*Political status of Taiwan
*Legal status of Taiwan

Further reading

*Bush, R. & O'Hanlon, M. (2007). "A War Like No Other: The Truth About China's Challenge to America". Wiley. ISBN 0471986771
*Bush, R. (2006). "Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait". Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0815712901
*Carpenter, T. (2006). "America's Coming War with China: A Collision Course over Taiwan". Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1403968411
*Cole, B. (2006). "Taiwan's Security: History and Prospects". Routledge. ISBN 0415365813
*Copper, J. (2006). "Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China over Taiwan". Praeger Security International General Interest. ISBN 0275988880
*Federation of American Scientists et al. (2006). [http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/china/Book2006.pdf Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning]
*Gill, B. (2007). "Rising Star: China's New Security Diplomacy". Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0815731469
*Shirk, S. (2007). "China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise". Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195306090
*Tsang, S. (2006). "If China Attacks Taiwan: Military Strategy, Politics and Economics". Routledge. ISBN 0415407850
*Tucker, N.B. (2005). "Dangerous Strait: the U.S.-Taiwan-China Crisis". Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231135645

External links

* [http://www.gwytb.gov.cn:8088/ Taiwan Affairs Office (Official PRC Taiwan Provincial Government site)]

Province-level divisions of the People's Republic of China


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