Olbia

Olbia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Olbia

Coat of arms
Olbia is located in Italy
Olbia
Location of Olbia in Italy
Coordinates: 40°55′N 09°30′E / 40.917°N 9.5°E / 40.917; 9.5
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Olbia-Tempio (OT)
Frazioni Berchiddeddu, Murta Maria, Pittulongu, Rudalza-Porto Rotondo, San Pantaleo
Government
 – Mayor Giovanni Enrico Giovannelli
Area
 – Total 376.10 km2 (145.2 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 – Total 56,231
 – Density 149.5/km2 (387.2/sq mi)
Demonym Olbiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 07026
Dialing code 0789
Patron saint San Simplicio
Saint day May 15
Website Official website

Olbia (Italian: [ˈɔlbja] ( listen), or locally [ˈolbja]; Gallurese Tarranòa, Sardinian: Terranòa) is a town and comune of 56,231 inhabitants (2010) in northeastern Sardinia (Italy), in the Gallura sub-region. Called Olbia in the Roman age, Civita in the Middle Ages (Giudicati period) and Terranova Pausania before the 1940s, Olbia was again the official name of the town after the period of Fascism.

Contents

Geography

Location of Olbia in northern Sardinia.
the harbour.

It is the economic centre of this part of the island (commercial centres, food industry) and is very close to the famous Costa Smeralda tourist area. It is an administrative capital (together with Tempio Pausania) of the province of Olbia-Tempio, operative since 2005. A dynamic city, which presents itself as a tourist destination, for the beauty sea and beaches and also for the large number of places of cultural interest to visit.

History

Olbia (the name is of Greek origin) is very ancient and was possibly founded by the Punics, according to the archaeological findings. It contains ruins from Phoenician and Carthaginian settlement to the Roman Era, when it was an important port, and the Middle Ages, when it was the capital of the Giudicato of Gallura, one of the four independent states of Sardinia.

Main sights

  • the Romanesque former cathedral of San Simplicio (11th-12th century).
  • the Church of St. Paul Apostle (medieval period)
  • National Archaeology Museum

Demographics

Transportation

Olbia is the main connection between Sardinia and the Italian peninsula, with an airport (Olbia - Costa Smeralda), a passenger port (Olbia-Isola Bianca), and a railway from Olbia railway station to Porto Torres, Golfo Aranci and Cagliari. There is an expressway to Nuoro and Cagliari (SS131) and national roads to Sassari (SS199-E840), Tempio Pausania (SS127), and Palau (SS125).

Economy

Meridiana Fly has its head office on the grounds of Olbia - Costa Smeralda Airport.[1]

References

External links

Media related to Olbia at Wikimedia Commons


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Olbia — Administration Nom sarde Terranoa Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Olbia — Olbia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Olbia — (griechisch Ὀλβία) ist in der Geografie: Olbia (Schwarzes Meer), Stadt an der nördlichen Schwarzmeerküste Olbia (Hyères), griechische Koloniestadt in Südfrankreich Olbia (Sardinien), Stadt auf Sardinien Olbia (Lykien), Stadt in Lykien Olbia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Olbia — (sardo: Terranoa; galuro: Tarranoa), es una ciudad de 48.000 habitantes, con una extensión de 376 km². Actualmente se encuentra en la provincia de Sassari, en la sub región de Gallura, que constituirá una nueva provincia en el futuro llamada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Olbia — OLBIA, æ, Gr. Ολβία, ας, eine Nymphe, von welcher die Stadt Olbia, in Bithynien, den Namen führete. Steph. in Ὀλβία …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Olbĭa — (a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt im Narbonensischen Gallien, am Berge Olbiānus, war Colonie von Massilia u. soll das jetzige Eoubes bei Hières, nach And. St. Tropez sein; 2) blühende Stadt im östlichen Sardinien, mit nahem Hafen (Olbianus portus), wo die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Olbĭa — Olbĭa, 1) (von Fremden Borysthenes genannt) durch Getreidehandel reiche Stadt an der Mündung des Hypanis (Bug), 655 v. Chr. von Milesiern gegründet (daher anfänglich Miletopolis genannt), im 2. nachchristl. Jahrhundert durch Kelten und Skythen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Olbia — (Italian), Tarranoa (Corsican), Terranoa (Sardinian), Terranova Pausania (former Italian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • OLBIA — I. OLBIA Galliae Narbonens. urbs Camatulicorum, in ora Provinciae, inter forum Iulii 5. et Telonem 8. leuc. cuius meminerc Cicero l. 2. ad Quint. Fratr. Ep. 8. et Mela. l. 2. c. 1. Areae quibusdam. Eres, Poldo, vel, ut alii scribunt Hyeres,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Olbia — Ọlbia,   1) bis 1939 Terranova Pausania, Hafenstadt am Ende des Golfs von Olbia, in der Provinz Sassari, Nordost Sardinien, Italien, 42 700 Einwohner; Hafen; Fährverkehr nach Civitavecchia; …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.