Japanese Black Pine

Taxobox
name = Japanese Black Pine
status = LR/lc | status_system = IUCN2.3


image_width = 240px
image_caption = Pruned Japanese Black Pines in Japanese National Garden, Tokyo
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Pinophyta
classis = Pinopsida
ordo = Pinales
familia = Pinaceae
genus = "Pinus"
subgenus = "Pinus"
species = "P. thunbergii"
binomial = "Pinus thunbergii"
binomial_authority = Parl.

The Japanese Black Pine ("Pinus thunbergii") is a pine native to coastal areas of Japan (Kyūshū, Shikoku and Honshū, but not Hokkaidō) and South Korea. It can reach the height of 40 m, but rarely achieves this size outside its natural range. The needles are paired, about 7-12 cm long, and the cones are 4-7 cm in length.

Because of its resistance to pollution and salt, it is a popular horticultural tree. It is one of the classic bonsai subjects, requiring great patience over many years to train properly. In North America this tree is subject to widespread mortality by the native American Pinewood Nematode "Bursaphelenchus xylophilus", spread by means of beetle vectors. Subsequently, blue stain fungus invades the plant, leading to a rapid decline and death. This nematode has also been introduced to Japan accidentally, leading to the species becoming endangered in its native area.

The Japanese Black Pine is also known as the Japanese Pine, Black Pine, and (in Japanese) Kuromatsu (黒松). Some texts also list it under the superfluous scientific name "Pinus thunbergiana".

References

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Japanese black pine — Tunbergo pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Pinus thunbergii), paplitęs Japonijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus thunbergii angl. black pine; Japanese black pine vok. japanische Schwarz… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Japanese black pine — noun large Japanese ornamental having long needles in bunches of 2; widely planted in United States because of its resistance to salt and smog • Syn: ↑black pine, ↑Pinus thunbergii • Hypernyms: ↑pine, ↑pine tree, ↑true pine * * * noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Japanese black pine — noun → black pine (def. 3) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Japanese black pine — a pine, Pinus thunbergiana, of Japan, grown as a seaside ornamental in the U.S. * * * …   Universalium

  • black pine — noun 1. conifer of Australia and New Zealand • Syn: ↑matai, ↑Prumnopitys taxifolia, ↑Podocarpus spicata • Hypernyms: ↑conifer, ↑coniferous tree • Member Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Black Pine — Several trees are referred to as black pine:* The European Black Pine. * The Japanese Black Pine. * The Jeffrey Pine in North America. * Matai, a New Zealand conifer. * Miro, also a New Zealand conifer.The band The Black Pine …   Wikipedia

  • black pine — /blæk ˈpaɪn / (say blak puyn) noun 1. the small coniferous tree of eastern Australia, Callitris endlicheri. 2. the New Zealand conifer, Podocarpus spicatus; matai. 3. Also, Japanese black pine. the pine native to coastal areas of Japan, Pinus… …   Australian English dictionary

  • black pine — Tunbergo pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Pinus thunbergii), paplitęs Japonijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus thunbergii angl. black pine; Japanese black pine vok. japanische Schwarz… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Japanese garden — Japanese gardens (日本庭園, nihon teien?), that is, gardens in traditional Japanese style, can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks, and at historical landmarks such as Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines and old castles. Landscape… …   Wikipedia

  • pine tree — noun a coniferous tree • Syn: ↑pine, ↑true pine • Hypernyms: ↑conifer, ↑coniferous tree • Hyponyms: ↑pinon, ↑pinyon, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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