Andrés Pastrana Arango


Andrés Pastrana Arango

Infobox_President | name=Andrés Pastrana
nationality=Colombian


order=38th President of the Republic of Colombia
term_start=August 7, 1998
term_end=August 7, 2002
predecessor=Ernesto Samper
successor=Álvaro Uribe
order2=17th Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
term_start2=August 7, 1998
term_end2=September 3, 1998
predecessor2=Ernesto Samper
successor2=Álvaro Uribe
birth_date=Birth date and age|1954|8|17|mf=y
birth_place=Bogotá
dead=alive
death_date=
death_place=
spouse=Nohra Puyana de Pastrana
party=Conservative
vicepresident=Gustavo Bell

Andrés Pastrana Arango (born August 17, 1954) was the President of Colombia from 1998 to 2002, following in the footsteps of his father, Misael Pastrana, who was president from 1970 to 1974.

Early years

During his father's presidency, he was a student in Colegio San Carlos. He got a degree in law at the Universidad del Rosario in 1977. After obtaining a postgraduate in Harvard in the United States, he returned to Colombia. On his return he founded a magazine called Guión and a television news program called Noticiero TV Hoy. As a regular news anchor he became a nationally known figure.

Political career

In 1982 he formally began his political career, gaining a seat on the local Bogotá council. He also specialized in press articles on the production and trafficking of cocaine, for which he gained many journalistic awards. In 1991 he was elected Senator.

Kidnapping by Medellin Cartel and elected Mayor of Bogota

He was kidnapped on 18 January 1988 in Antioquia by the Medellín drug cartel, which was pressuring the Colombian government into preventing the extradition of Pablo Escobar and other drug lords to the United States. He was found by the National Police a week later, and in March he was elected mayor of Bogotá, a position he held until 1990. He gained a reputation for strengthening security and reducing crime.

First candidacy for President of Colombia

In 1994 he stood for the presidency against Liberal candidate Ernesto Samper, losing by only 2 points in the second round. Pastrana immediately accused Samper of using drug money to finance his campaign, and provided audio recordings to the authorities which subsequently attracted much media attention and eventually led to a scandal known as "8.000 Process" ("Proceso 8.000").

While this accusation underwent a parliamentary investigation, Pastrana retired into his private life. In 1998, Pastrana announced his intention to run for President. This time he won in the Presidential elections of 1998.

President of Colombia (1998-2002)

His presidency is remembered first for his negotiations with the two left-wing guerrilla groups FARC and ELN, culminating in the grant of a demilitarized safe haven to the guerrillas the size of Switzerland, and second for his breaking off said negotiations. It is also remembered for a growing degree of unpopularity in polls as his term progressed. Some critics accused him of possibly accepting unspecified bribes from leading FARC and ELN members, but no concrete evidence of that was presented during his presidency. His administration proposed and initially oversaw the implementation of the controversial Plan Colombia aid package and anti-drug strategy. He was also very criticized for all the seemingly pleasure trips he took around the world during his term.

Ambassador of Colombia to the United States

In 2005 President Uribe, who had been a critic of Pastrana's peace process with the FARC and had received criticisms from Pastrana regarding his negotiations with Colombian paramilitary groups, surprisingly offered the former president the post of Ambassador to the United States in Washington DC. After consulting his family and political supporters, Pastrana accepted.

Some political analysts theorized that Uribe considered that Pastrana would be a useful diplomat in Washington, because he would help to renegotiate Plan Colombia and in general to maintain U.S. aid to Colombia, which has contributed to the successes of the Uribe administration.

Resignation

In July 2006, a few days after President Uribe had appointed former president Ernesto Samper as Colombian ambassador to France, Pastrana told the President that he was "morally impeded" to participate in a government along with former president Samper. Pastrana resigned and returned to Colombia and Samper rejected his own appointment.

ee also

*Plan Colombia

References

*es icon [http://www.elcolombiano.com.co/proyectos/balancepresidencial/default.htm El Colombiano - President Pastrana's job performance]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrés Pastrana Arango — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrés Pastrana Arango …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrés Pastrana Arango — Andrés Pastrana Arango. Mandats 38e président de la République de Colombie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andres Pastrana Arango — Andrés Pastrana Andrés Pastrana Arango (* 17. August 1954 in Bogotá, Kolumbien) ist ein kolumbianischer Politiker. Von 1998 bis 2002 war er Präsident Kolumbiens. Andrés Pastrana Arango wurde 1954 als Sohn des früheren Präsidenten Misael Pastrana… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andres Pastrana Arango — Andrés Pastrana Arango Andrés Pastrana Arango, le 22 novembre 2006. Andrés Pastrana Arango est un homme politique et journaliste colombien, né a Bogotá le 17 août 1954. Il fut le 55e président de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrés Pastrana Arango — Político Colombiano nacido en Bogotá el 17 de agosto de 1954 y 42º presidente de Colombia, entre 1998 y 2002, hijo del ex presidente Misael Pastrana Borrero, quien dirigiera también al país desde 1970 hasta 1974. Está casado con Nohora Puyana …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andres Pastrana — Andrés Pastrana Andrés Pastrana Arango (* 17. August 1954 in Bogotá, Kolumbien) ist ein kolumbianischer Politiker. Von 1998 bis 2002 war er Präsident Kolumbiens. Andrés Pastrana Arango wurde 1954 als Sohn des früheren Präsidenten Misael Pastrana… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andres Pastrana — Andrés Pastrana Arango Andrés Pastrana Arango, le 22 novembre 2006. Andrés Pastrana Arango est un homme politique et journaliste colombien, né a Bogotá le 17 août 1954. Il fut le 55e président de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrés Pastrana — Arango (* 17. August 1954 in Bogotá, Kolumbien) ist ein kolumbianischer Politiker. Von 1998 bis 2002 war er Präsident Kolumbiens. Andrés Pastrana Arango wurde 1954 als Sohn des früheren Präsidenten Misael Pastrana Borrero , der zwi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pastrana Arango, Andres — ▪ 1999       The election of Andres Pastrana Arango as Colombia s new president on June 21, 1998, inspired cautious hope for a peaceful resolution to more than three decades of leftist guerrilla warfare. Backed by the Conservative Party, Pastrana …   Universalium

  • Pastrana Arango — Pastrana Arạngo,   Andrés, kolumbianischer Politiker, * Bogotá 17. 8. 1954; Jurist und Journalist, seit den 1980er Jahren aktiv in der konservativen Partei PSC (u. a. Bürgermeister von Bogotá); wurde 1998 als Kandidat eines konservativ… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.