- Aérospatiale Alouette III
name=SA 316 / SA 319 Alouette III
caption= An "Alouette III" of the 22S wing of the
French Navyon the landing pad of Lanvéoc base
Sud Aviation Aérospatiale
28 February 1959
status=Active duty in some nations
French Armed Forces
Indian Air Force
developed from =
Aérospatiale Alouette II
variants with their own articles=
The Aérospatiale Alouette III (French: "
Skylark") is a single-engine, light utility helicopterdeveloped by Sud Aviationand later manufactured by Aérospatialeof France. The Alouette III is the successor to the Alouette II, being larger and having more seating. Originally powered by a Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine, the Alouette III is recognised for its mountain rescue capabilities and adaptability.
The first version of the Alouette III, the SE 3160 prototype, first flew on
28 February 1959. Production of the SA 316A (SE 3160) began in 1961 and remained in production until 1968, when it was replaced by the SA 316B.
The Alouette III entered in service with the French Armed forces in 1960. From April 1964-1967, three machines were delivered from France for local assembly in Australia, and were used by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) at the Woomera Rocket Range for light passenger and recovery of missile parts after test launches at the Range.
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971when 2 planes of the PAF were lost in the war, [http://bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/1971War/Appendix3.html] and the Portuguese Colonial War, during 60's and 70's with large utilization in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea, where it proved its qualities.
The SA 316B and the SA 319B both remained in series production up to the early 1980s, when the main production line in France was closed down. However, HAL of India continues to licence-build Alouette IIIs as the Chetak. Versions of the Alouette III were also either licence-built or assembled by IAR in Romania (as the
IAR 316), F+W Emmen in Switzerland, and by Fokkerand Lichtwerk in the Netherlands.
Production numbers are as follows:
* France: 1453
* India: 300+ (Still in production.)
* Romania: 230
* Switzerland: 60
In June 2004, the Alouette III was retired from the French Air Force after 32 years of successful service. It will be replaced by the Eurocopter EC 355 Ecureuil 2. In the same year, the Swiss Armed Forces announced the retirement of the Alouette III, from the front line by 2006, and entirely by 2010. Venezuelan Air forces retired their Alouette IIIs in the late 90s.
21 September 2007the Alouette III was retired from the Irish Air Corps. During 44 years of successful service, the fleet amassed over 77,000 flying hours. As well as routine military missions, the aircraft undertook some 1,717 Search and RescueMissions, saving 542 lives and flew a further 2,882 Air Ambulanceflights. The oldest of the Alouettes, 195, is currently being kept in 'rotors running' condition for the Air Corps Museum. [ [http://www.airsceneuk.org.uk/hangar/2008/475iac/iac.htm New Wings for the Irish Air Corps] ]
*The SA 316A was the first production version. Original designation SE 3160.
*The SA 316B is powered by a 425 kW (570 shp) Turboméca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine, with strengthened main and tail rotor for greater performance. The SA 316B was built under licence in India as the HAL Chetak, and again under licence in Romania as the IAR 316.
*HAL Chetak : Indian production version of the SA 316B.
IAR 316: Romanian production version of the SA 316B.
*The SA 319B was a direct development of the SA 316B, it was powered with a 649 kW (870 shp)
Turboméca AstazouXIV turboshaft engine, but it was derated to 447 kW (660 hp).
*The SA 316C was powered by a Turbomeca Artouste IIID turboshaft engine. The SA 316C was only built in small numbers.
*G-Car and K-Car : Helicopter gunship versions for the
Royal Rhodesian Air Force. The G-Car was armed with two side-mounted Browning machine guns. The K-Car was armed with one 20mm Mausercannon, fitted inside the cabin, firing from the port side of the helicopter.
IAR 317Skyfox: A Romanian helicopter gunship project based on the IAR 316. Only three prototypes were ever built.
Atlas XH-1 Alpha: A Two-seat attack helicopter project. It was used in the development of the Denel AH-2 Rooivalk.
When used as an aerial ambulance, the Alouette III can accommodate a pilot, two medical attendants and two stretcher patients.
;ALB (SA 319);ANG
People's Air and Air Defence Force of AngolaAbout 20 former Portuguese aircraft [Andrade 1982, Page 11] ;ARG
Argentine Navy14 operated (3 x SE3160, 7 x SA316B and 4 x SA319B) [Andrade 1982, page 15] ;AUS
Royal Australian Air ForceThree aircraft in Service from 1964 to 1967.;AUT
Austrian Air Force26 operated (12 x SE3160, 14 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, page 21] ;BAN
Bangladesh Air ForceFour HAL-built former Indian Air Force 316s [Andrade 1982, page 22] ;BEL
Belgian NavyThree 316Bs [Andrade 1982, page 25] ;flag|Biafra
Biafran Air Forceoperated few helicopters.;BOL ;BFA;BIR
*14 operated (13 x SE3160 and 1 x SE316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 35] ;BDI
*4 operated (1 x SE3160 and 3 x SA316Bs) [Andrade 1982, Page 36] ;CMR
Cameroon Air ForceOne SA319 [Andrade 1982, Page 36] ;CHA
Chad Air ForceTen former French SE3160s [Andrade 1982, Page 43] ;CHI
Chilean NavyFour SA319Bs [Andrade 1982, Page 46] ;COG
Congolese Air ForceOne SA316B [Andrade 1982, Page 50] ;CIV
Côte d'Ivoire Air ForceFour (3 x SE3160, 1 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 126] ;DNK
Danish NavyEight SE3160 [Andrade 1982, Page 55] ;DOM
Dominican Air ForceOne SE3160 [Andrade 1982, Page 56] ;ECU (SA 316) ;ESA
El Salvador Air ForceOne SA316B [Andrade 1982, Page 188] ;GNQ;ETH
Ethiopian Air ForceFive SE3160 and six Romanian-built SA316B [Andrade 1982, Page 63] ;FRA
French Air Force50+ (SE3160 and S316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 72]
French Army Light Aviation70+ (SE3160, SA316N and SA319B) [Andrade 1982, Page 73]
French Navy43+ (SA316) [Andrade 1982, Page 75]
Sécurité CivileSix (SA316) [ [http://cohen.frank.free.fr/photos/helicoptere/securitecivile/leparc.htm Helicopters of the Securite Civile (in French)] ] ;GAB
Gabonese Air ForceFive (1 x SE3160, 1 x SA316B, 3 x SA319B) [Andrade 1982, Page 77] ;GHA
Ghana Air ForceFour (SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 91] ;GRE
Hellenic Navyal AviationFour (SA319B) [Andrade 1982, Page 94] ;GIN
Guinean Air ForceOne (SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 95] ;GNB (SA 316);flag|Hong Kong|colonial
Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air ForceThree (2 x SE3160, 1 x 316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 98] ;IND
Indian Air Force87+ (55 x French-built SE3160 and SA316B, 32+ Indian-built SA319B Chetak) [Andrade 1982, Page 102/103]
Indian Navy18+ (7 x French-built SE3160, 7 x French-built SA316B plus Indian built Chetaks) [Andrade 1982, Page 103] ;IDN
Indonesian ArmySeven (SE3160) [Andrade 1982, Page 106] ;IRN;IRQ
Iraq Air Force44 (SA316C) [Andrade 1982, Page 111] ;IRL
Irish Air CorpsEight SA 316 in service between 1963 and 2007 (3 x SE3160 and 5 x SA316B). [Andrade 1982, Page 61] ;ISR;JOR
Jordanian Air Force16 (SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 139] ;LAO;LBN
Lebanese Air Force13 (8 x SE3160, 5 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 147] ;LBY
Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah Army Aviation13 (SA316B), three later to Malta [Andrade 1982, Page 149] ;MAD
Malagasy Air ForceTwo (SE3160, one former French Army) [Andrade 1982, Page 151] ;MWI
Malawi Army Air WingOne (SA316) [Andrade 1982, Page 151] ;MYS (SA 316)
Royal Malaysian Air Force36 (26 x SE3160, 10 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 153] ;MLT
Armed Forces of MaltaThree (SA316B former Libyan Air Force) [Andrade 1982, Page 154] ;MEX
Mexican Air ForceThree (SE3160) [Andrade 1982, Page 157]
Mexican Naval AviationFive (SA319B) [Andrade 1982, Page 157] ;MAR
Royal Moroccan Gendarmie Air SquadronTwo (SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 159] ;MOZ
Mozambique Air ForceFour (SA316B former Portugal Air Force) [Andrade 1982, Page 161] ;NPL
Nepal Royal FlightOne (SE3160) [Andrade 1982, Page 161]
*Air Battalion, 11th Brigade Royal Nepal Army At least 2 HAL Cheetak. [ [http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_531.shtml Air Combat Information Group - Nepal] ] ;NLD
Royal Netherlands Air Force4 for royal flights (SE3160) [Andrade 1982, Page 163] ;NIC
Nicaraguan National GuardTwo [Andrade 1982, Page 166] ;PAK
Pakistan Air Force13+ (7 x SE3160, 4 x SA316B, 2 x SA319B plus local production) [Andrade 1982, Page 173]
Pakistan Army12+ (11 x SE3160, 1 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 174]
Pakistan Navy(SA 316, SA 319);PRC;PER
Peruvian Air Force12 (4 x SE3160, 8 x SA316C) [Andrade 1982, Page 178]
Peruvian Naval Aviation6 (SA319B) [Andrade 1982, Page 179] ;POR
Portuguese Air Force142 (70 x SE3160, 72 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 185] (SA 319 - 18 in service, expected to retire in 2008-2011);flag|Rhodesia
Rhodesian Air Force;ROM (IAR 316) ;RWA
*Rwanda Air Force Two SE3160 [Andrade 1982, Page 187] ;SAU
Royal Saudi Air ForceFive (4 x SE3160, 1 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 190] ;SEY;SIN
Republic of Singapore Air Force(12 x SA316B, retired in 1978 and was sold to Sri Lanka);flag|South Africa|1928 (SA 316)
South African Air Force120 (58 x SE3160, 40 x SA316B plus others) [Andrade 1982, Page 197] ;KOR
Republic of Korea Navy(SA-319B);flag|South Vietnam;ESP
Spanish Air ForceFive SA319B [Andrade 1982, Page 206]
Spanish ArmyThree SA319B [Andrade 1982, Page 208] ;SRI (SA 316);SUR (SA 316);SUI
Swiss Air Force84 SE3160 (24 French-built, 60 licence-built) [Andrade 1982, Page 218] ;TUN
Tunisian Air ForceEight (4 x SE3160, 4 x SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 227] ;ARE ( Abu Dhabi);flag|Upper Volta
Upper Volta Air ForceTwo SA316B [Andrade 1982, Page 335] ;VEN
Venezuelan Air Force20 (SE3160) [Andrade 1982, Page 338] ;YUG:
SFR Yugoslav Air Force
**Special Helicopter Squad of 1st Corps of AF and AD used two SA 316 helicopters.;ZAI
ZAire Air Force10 (SE3160 and SA316B) [Andrade 1982, Page 343] ;ZAM
*Zambian Air Force ;ZIM (SA 316)
* ALFA Helicópteros;USA
Flight for Life
pecifications (SA 316B)
met or eng?=met
rot dia m=11.02
rot dia ft=36
rot dia in=2
wing area sqm=
wing area sqft=
swept area sqm=
swept area sqft=
rot area sqm=95.38
rot area sqft=1026
empty weight kg=1143
empty weight lb=2520
gross weight kg=2200
gross weight lb=4950
Turbomeca ArtousteIIIB turboshaft
eng1 kw=649kW (870hp) derated to 425
max speed kmh=210
max speed mph=130
max speed mach=
cruise speed kmh=185
cruise speed mph=115
climb rate ms=4.5
climb rate ftmin=950
sink rate ms=
sink rate ftmin=
*cite book |last= Andrade|first= John|authorlink= |coauthors= |title= Militair 1982|year= 1982|publisher= Aviation Press Limited|location= London|isbn=0 907898 01 07
* [http://avia.russian.ee/helicopters_eng/snias_alu3.php Aerospatiale SA 316/319 "Alouette III"]
* [http://frenchnavy.free.fr/helicopters/alouette-3/alouette-3.htm Aérospatiale SA 316B/ VSV/ SA 319B Alouette III]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/europe/alouette3.htm GlobalSecurity.org SA 316/SA 319 Alouette III]
* [http://celag.free.fr/museum/sa319/us_sa319_0.htm Sud Aviation SA 316/319 Alouette III]
* [http://luftfahrtmuseum.com/htmi/itf/sa316.htm The Virtual Aviation Museum - Aérospatiale SE 3160 Alouette III]
Aérospatiale Alouette II
* SE 313 - SE 314 - SE 315 - SA 316 - SA 318 - SA 319 - SA 320 - SA 321
List of helicopters
List of utility aircraft
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