Corporation for Public Broadcasting


Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Corporation for Public Broadcasting
Type Private non-profit
Industry Television, Radio
Founded November 7, 1967 (1967-11-07)
Headquarters Washington, D.C., USA
Area served United States
Key people Patricia Harrison, President and CEO
Website cpb.org

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) is a non-profit corporation created by an act of the United States Congress, funded by the United States’ federal government to promote public broadcasting. Historically, 15~20% of the aggregate revenues of all public broadcasting stations have been funded from federal sources, principally through the CPB.[1]

The CPB was created on November 7, 1967, when U.S. president Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967. The new organization initially collaborated with the pre-existing National Educational Television network. In 1969, the CPB talked to private groups to start the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).[2] In 1970, the CPB formed National Public Radio (NPR), a radio network of public stations.[2]

The CPB provides some funding for PBS and NPR, as well as to other broadcasters that are independent of those organizations, though much more of its funding goes to public television and radio stations that are members of PBS or NPR. In more recent years, the CPB has started funding some Internet-based projects.

Contents

Funding of and by the CPB

The CPB’s annual budget is composed almost entirely of an annual appropriation from Congress plus interest on those funds.[3] For fiscal year 2010, its appropriation was US$422 million (including $2 million in interest earned). The distribution of these funds were as follows:[4]

  • $21.0 million (a maximum of 5% of the total budget) for CPB administrative costs
  • $25.2 million (a maximum of 6% of the total budget) for funds to support the Public Broadcasting Service generally, as opposed to specific stations.
  • $281.85 million (66.8% of the total budget) for public television, distributed as:
  • $210.26 million as grants to individual public television stations
  • $71.59 million for public television programming
  • $93.94 million (22.3% of total budget) for public radio, distributed as:
  • $65.41 million as grants to individual public radio stations
  • $21.74 million as grants for radio programming acquisition
  • $6.79 million for public radio programming

The CPB also distributed a separate appropriation for conversion to digital television, which was mandated to occur by June 12, 2009.

Public broadcasting stations are funded by a combination of private donations from members, foundations and corporations (60.4% of 2006 total revenues of all stations), state and local taxes (22.2% of 2006 total revenues), local and national underwriting, and federal funds, principally through the CPB (17.3% of 2006 total revenues).[5]

About 90% of the 2005 budget was distributed to public broadcasters across the country, including both local and national organizations. Stations which receive CPB funds must meet certain requirements,[6] such as to maintain or provide:

  1. Open meetings
  2. Open financial records
  3. Community advisory board
  4. Equal employment opportunity
  5. Donor list and political activities

Board members

These six board members were in office as of September 2009:

  • Bruce Ramer (chair), Republican, nominated May 2008 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by U.S. Senate October 2008. Terms expires 2012.
  • Former Senator David H. Pryor (vice chair), Democrat, nominated to first term by President George W. Bush in 2006. Renominated to second term May 2008 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by U.S. Senate October 2008. Term expires 2014.
  • Chris Boskin, Republican, nominated June 2006 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by U.S. Senate September 2006. Term expires 2012.
  • Patricia Cahill, Democrat, nominated July 2009 by President Obama, confirmed by U.S. Senate August 2009. Term expires 2014.
  • Lori Gilbert, Democrat, nominated May 2008 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by U.S. Senate October 2008. term expires 2012.
  • Elizabeth Sembler, Republican, nominated May 2008 by President George W. Bush, confirmed by U.S. Senate October 2008. Term expires 2014.

Political composition of the CPB Board

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting has six board members who serve six-year terms and are selected by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate.

As of (February 2011), the CPB board was composed of three Republicans and three Democrats. According to the Public Broadcasting Act, the White House cannot appoint persons of the same political party to more than five of the nine CPB board seats.

In 2004 and 2005, there were complaints by people within PBS and NPR that the CPB was starting to push a conservative agenda,[7][8] while board members counter that they are merely seeking balance. Polls of the PBS and NPR audiences in 2002 and 2003 indicated that few felt that the groups’ news reports contained bias, and those that saw a slant were split as to which side they believed the reports favored. The president of the CPB, Patricia Harrison, is a former co-chair of the Republican National Committee; between 2001–2010, its chair was a Republican.

The charge of a conservative agenda reached a head in 2005. The point man of the controversy, Kenneth Tomlinson, was the chair of the CPB board from September 2003 until September 2005. During his time as Chair, he drew the anger of PBS and NPR supporters by unilaterally commissioning a study of alleged bias of the PBS show, NOW with Bill Moyers, conducted by a conservative colleague, and by appointing two conservatives as CPB Ombudsmen.[9] On November 3, 2005, Tomlinson resigned from the board in the face of allegations of scandal. A report of his tenure by the CPB Inspector General, Kenneth Konz, requested by House Democrats, prompted his resignation. On November 15, the report was made public. It found evidence that "the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) former Chairman violated statutory provisions and the Director’s Code of Ethics by dealing directly with one of the creators of a new public affairs program during negotiations with PBS and the CPB over creating the show." It also "found evidence that suggests “political tests” were a major criteria used by the former Chairman in recruiting a President/Chief Executive Officer (CEO) for CPB, which violated statutory prohibitions against such practices".[10]

Objectivity and balance requirements

The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 requires that the CPB operate with a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature."[11] It also requires that the CPB regularly review national programming for objectivity and balance, as well as report on "its efforts to address concerns about objectivity and balance."

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.cpb.org/stations/reports/revenue/2005PublicBroadcastingRevenue.pdf
  2. ^ a b "Thematic Window: The Corporation for Public Broadcasting". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/johngardner/chapters/4d.html. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  3. ^ http://cpb.org/aboutcpb/financials/
  4. ^ http://www.cpb.org/aboutcpb/financials/appropriation/justification_11-13.pdf CPB financial statement for FY 2010, accessed 2010-10-26.
  5. ^ http://www.cpb.org/stations/reports/revenue/2006PublicBroadcastingRevenue.pdf
  6. ^ certification requirements
  7. ^ NPR's On the Media interview with Tomlinson, May 6, 2005
  8. ^ NPR's On the Media follow-up, July 15, 2005
  9. ^ CPB Memos Indicate Level of Monitoring, June 30, 2005
  10. ^ *Corporation For Public Broadcasting, Office of Inspector General: Review of Alleged Actions Violating The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, as Amended, Report No. EPB503-602, November 2006
  11. ^ http://www.cpb.org/aboutpb/act/text.html

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Public broadcasting — includes radio, television and other electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service. Public broadcasters receive funding from diverse sources including license fees, individual contributions, public financing and commercial… …   Wikipedia

  • Public Broadcasting Service — PBS redirects here. For other uses, see PBS (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta or Public Broadcast Service in Barbados. PBS Type …   Wikipedia

  • Broadcasting — Broadcast redirects here. For other uses, see Broadcast (disambiguation). Broadcasting antenna in Stuttgart Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video content to a dispersed audience via any audio visual medium. Receiving parties may… …   Wikipedia

  • Public housing — A local authority 20 storey tower block in Cwmbrân, South Wales …   Wikipedia

  • Public transport — This article is about passenger transportation systems. For mathematics, see transportation theory. For other uses, see Mass transit (disambiguation). Public infrastructure Assets and facilities …   Wikipedia

  • Public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom — In the United Kingdom the term public service broadcasting (PSB) refers to broadcasting intended for the public benefit rather than for purely commercial concerns. The communications regulator Ofcom, requires that certain television and radio… …   Wikipedia

  • Government-owned corporation — A government owned corporation, state owned company, state owned entity, state enterprise, publicly owned corporation, government business enterprise, or parastatal is a legal entity created by a government to undertake commercial activities on… …   Wikipedia

  • National Public Radio — Infobox Network network name = National Public Radio network network type = Public radio network airdate = April 1971 country = United States available = Global founded = 1970 key people = Kevin Klose, President Dennis L. Haarsager, Interim Chief …   Wikipedia

  • Minnesota Public Radio — WMLS redirects here. For the soccer league, see Women s League Soccer. Minnesota Public Radio Type Public radio network Country …   Wikipedia

  • European Broadcasting Union — Infobox Organization name = European Broadcasting Union Union européenne de radio télévision mcaption = Countries with one or more members are in green type = Union of broadcasting organisations membership = 74 active members headquarters =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.