- Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge
The Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge is a
United States National Wildlife Refugecovering about 19 million acres (77,000 km²) in southwestern Alaska. It is a coastal plainextending to the Bering Sea, covering the delta created by the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers. The delta includes extensive wetlandsnear sea levelthat are often inundated by Bering Sea tides.
Theodore Rooseveltfirst set aside southwestern Alaska refuge lands in 1909. Additional lands were added through the years until December 2, 1980when President Jimmy Cartersigned the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act(ANILCA) into law, which created the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Reserve by consolidating existing refuges and adding additional lands. The large islands Nelson and Nunivakare also located within the refuge.
It is home to about 35 villages and 25,000 people, many of
Yup'ik Eskimoorigin and dependent on a subsistencelifestyle.
The refuge's coastal region bordering the Bering Sea is a rich, productive wildlife habitat supporting one of the largest concentrations of water fowl in the world. More than one million
ducks and half a million geeseuse the area for breeding purposes each year. There are also very large seasonal concentrations of northern pintails, loons, grebes, swans and cranes. Often, some of the 150,000 plus Mulchatna caribouherd migrate onto the eastern tundraareas during the fall and winter. Walruses, seals, and porpoises can be found in the waters as well as beluga, gray, and minke whales. [ [http://www.fws.gov/refuges/profiles/WildHabitat.cfm?ID=74540 Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge - Wildlife and Habitat ] ] .
* [http://yukondelta.fws.gov/ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge]
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