Varadharaja Perumal Temple

Varadaraja Perumal Temple
Varadaraja Perumal Temple is located in Tamil Nadu
Varadaraja Perumal Temple
Location in Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 12°49′10″N 79°43′29″E / 12.819417°N 79.724693°E / 12.819417; 79.724693Coordinates: 12°49′10″N 79°43′29″E / 12.819417°N 79.724693°E / 12.819417; 79.724693
Name
Other names: Thiru Katchi, Aththigiri, Kovil, Vezhamalai
Proper name: Varadaraja Perumal Kovil
Location
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
District: Kanchipuram
Location: Tamilnadu, India
Temple Details
Primary Deity: Varadaraja Perumal(Vishnu)
Consort: Perundevi Thayaar(Lakshmi)
Festival Deity: PerArullalan, Devaperumal
Festival Consort: Sri Perundevi (Barghavi)
Temple Tank: Vegavadhi Nadhi, Anantha Saras, Sesha, Varaga, Padma, Agni, Kusala, Bhiramma Theertham
Shrine: Punyakoti Vimanam
Poets: Thirumangai Alvar - 4 Paasurams, Bhoothathalvar - 2 Paasurams and Peyalvar - 1 Paasuram
Appeared For: Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudhra, Indrathi devathas, Saptha rishis
Architecture and culture
Architectural styles: Dravidian architecture
History
Creator: Chola Kings

Varadharaja Perumal Temple or Hastagiri or Attiyuran is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu, India. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu believed to have been visited by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.[1]

Varadharaja Perumal Temple was originally built by the Cholas in 1053[2] and it was expanded during the reigns of the great Chola kings Kulottunga Chola I and Vikrama Chola. In the 14th century another wall and a gopura was built by the later Chola kings. It is an ancient temple and one of the 108 divyadesams, the holy abodes of Vishnu. It is located in part of Kanchipuram called the Vishnu Kanchi that is a home for a lot of famous Vishnu temples, including this one. One of the greatest Hindu scholars, Ramanuja is believed to have resided in this temple.[3] Varadharaja Perumal Temple is a huge one on a 23-acre (93,000 m2) complex and shows the architectural skills of ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in temple architecture and is famous for its holiness and ancient history. Another significant thing about the temple are beautiful carved lizards and platted with gold, over the sanctum.[4]

The temple is famous for its kodai. During the bhramotsavam in Vaigasi (May/June) thousands throng the temple and that increases at least by a two-fold during the garuda vahanam and ther.

On normal days the temple is generally free except for some locals and a few tourists.

Contents

Administration

The Thathacharyas are the custodians [5] of the Kanchipuram Perarulalan Kovil, popularly known as Varadaraja Perumal temple. They are the Pradhana Acharya Purushas in the protocol to receive and deliver the temple honours[citation needed]. In retrospection Tirumalai Nambi's son Tirukkurukai Piran Pillan was ordained by Ramanuja himself as the first and foremost among the 74 Peetadhipathis to propagate Visishtadwaita philosophy after him. Pillan was also chosen by Ramanuja as the competent person to write the commentary on Tiruvaimozhi. The annotation of Tiruvaimozhi thus brought out by Pillan under the behest of Ramanuja is called the famous Araiyarpadi, the first gloss in Manipravala, an elegant mixture of Tamil and Sanskrit words, on the Divya Prabhandam


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