The tunicle is a liturgical vestment associated with Roman Catholic Latin Rite subdeacons, adopted also by Anglo-Catholics and High Church Anglicans.

For a description of the tunicle, see dalmatic, the vestment with which it became identical in form, although earlier editions of the Caeremoniale Episcoporum indicated that it should have narrower sleeves. Sometimes it was also distinguished by a single horizontal band on the front and back, as opposed to the double band of the dalmatic.

In Rome, subdeacons had begun to wear the tunicle by the sixth century, but Pope Gregory I made them return to the use of the chasuble. They began to use the tunicle again in the ninth century, a time when it was also worn by acolytes, a custom that was widespread until the late Middle Ages, and can still occasionally be found in some Anglican Churches for acolytes and crucifer. In some places outside of Rome subdeacons continued to wear the tunicle even between the sixth and the ninth centuries. The ceremony by which the bishop put a tunicle on a subdeacon whom he ordained began in the twelfth century, but did not become common until the fourteenth.

Roman deacons once wore the tunicle under the dalmatic, and the tunicle was part of the liturgical vestments of other dignataries also. In the twelfth century it became customary for bishops to wear both a tunicle and a dalmatic as part of their pontifical vestments. Previously they had worn one or the other. Earlier editions of the Caeremoniale Episcoporum made the wearing of both obligatory at Pontifical High Mass, but the present edition speaks only of the dalmatic.

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15087a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Tunic]

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  • Tunicle — Tu ni*cle, n. [L. tunicula a little tunic, coat, or membrane, dim. of tunica a tunic: cf. OF. tunicle.] 1. A slight natural covering; an integument. [1913 Webster] The tunicles that make the ball or apple of the eye. Holland. [1913 Webster] 2. (R …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tunicle — Short outer garment worn by the clergy in the middle ages …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • tunicle — Tunicle, f. penac. Voyez Tunique …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • tunicle — [to͞o′ni kəl, tyo͞o′ni kəl] n. [ME < L tunicula, dim. of tunica, tunic] TUNIC (sense 4) …   English World dictionary

  • tunicle — noun /ˈtjuːnɪkəl/ a) a vestment worn by an archdeacon , 1845, In illustrating his views on the Popish tendency of these rubrics, the rev. gentleman particularly referred to the use of the alb, and cope, and tunicle, by the clergy in the discharge …   Wiktionary

  • tunicle — [ tju:nɪk(ə)l] noun Christian Church a short liturgical vestment which is traditionally worn over the alb by a subdeacon at celebrations of the Mass. Origin ME: from OFr. tunicle or L. tunicula, dimin. of tunica …   English new terms dictionary

  • tunicle — n. a short vestment worn by a bishop or subdeacon at the Eucharist etc. Etymology: ME f. OF tunicle or L tunicula dimin. of TUNICA …   Useful english dictionary

  • tunicle — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French tonicle, Latin tunicula, diminutive of tunica Date: 14th century a short vestment worn by a subdeacon over the alb during mass and by a bishop under the dalmatic at pontifical ceremonies …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tunicle — /tooh ni keuhl, tyooh /, n. Eccles. a vestment worn over the alb by subdeacons, as at the celebration of the Mass, and by bishops. [1350 1400; ME < L tunicula, equiv. to tunic(a) tunic + ula ULE] * * * …   Universalium

  • Tunicle — Part of the vestment worn by a bishop next to the *dalmatic during celebration of the Eucharist …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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