Chuncheon


Chuncheon
Chuncheon
춘천
—  Municipal City  —
Korean transcription(s)
 – Hangul 춘천시
 – Hanja 春川市
 – Revised Romanization Chuncheon-si
 – McCune-Reischauer Ch'unch'ŏn-si

Emblem of Chuncheon
Chuncheon is located in South Korea
Chuncheon
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°52′N 127°44′E / 37.867°N 127.733°E / 37.867; 127.733
Country  South Korea
Region Gwanseo
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 9 myeon, 15 dong
Area
 – Total 1,116.43 km2 (431.1 sq mi)
Population (June 2009)
 – Total 265,526
 – Density 225/km2 (582.7/sq mi)
 – Dialect Gangwon

Chuncheon (Korean: 춘천) is the capital of Gangwon Province, South Korea. The city lies in the northeast of the country, located in a basin formed by the Soyang River and Han River. There are some large lakes around the city, most notably Lake Soyang and Lake Uiam. The area is renowned for its small river islands, such as Sangjungdo, Ha-Jungdo, Bungeo Island, and Wido.

It is now a popular destination among East Asian tourists as it was featured in the popular Korean drama Winter Sonata. It is where the resort island of Namiseom is located.

Contents

History

The area now occupied by the city was first settled about 1000 years ago by tribal communities. In 637 the city was called Usooju. In 757 it was renamed Saku and again in 940 as Chunju (春州) before receiving its current name in 1413. In 1896, Chuncheon became the capital city of Gangwon province. The city was largely destroyed during the Korean War, but has since been reconstructed.

In 1995 Chuncheon city merged politically with the government of the surrounding Chuncheon county.

Culture

In the spring, the Chuncheon International Mime Festival is organized, as well as the Spring Season Art Festival. In the summer, the Chuncheon Puppet Festival takes place. There is also a festival for Makguksu, a food that Chuncheon is famous for. Also celebrated in the summer, is the International Animation Festival. The city has had its own annual marathon race since 1946; the Chuncheon Marathon is held every October. In winter, snow and ice festivals are organized. Currently, MAC Architects-Consultants Group Ltd. (명승건축그룹) is building the Design and Arts Arcadia of Myungseung in Chuncheon and will serve to become an internationally recognized cultural landmark.

Food

Makguksu

Chuncheon is famous for its "dak galbi", which translates as chicken ribs. It consists of chicken, Chinese cabbage, sweet potatoes, tteok (rice cakes), and scallions, mixed with a spicy sauce heavy on [[gochujang]. It is usually cooked in a big iron pan in the center of the table, but the traditional method is over charcoal. Despite the name, the dish is traditionally made from leg meat, not ribs. [1]

The city was historically known as a centre for chicken farms. There is even a street in the city dedicated to restaurants serving the dish, with some 25 restaurants populating the area.[2]

The other major dish famous in Chuncheon is makguksu.

Economy

Chuncheon is the market centre for agricultural produce from the surrounding lands. The main products are rice and soybeans. Since the 1960s light industry has become dominant in the city. After the huge success of the TV drama Winter Sonata, the city has also become a major "Korean wave" (Han-ryu, 한류) tourist destination, attracting visitors from around East Asia.[3]

There are hydroelectric powerplants in the area around Chuncheon. The Soyang Dam is the largest sand gravel dam in East Asia.[4]

Education

Chuncheon is home to 5 universities: Chuncheon National University of Education, established in 1939, Kangwon National University, founded 1947, and Hallym University, established in 1982, Hallym Sungsim University, Korea Politec 3 University.

Transportation

Chuncheon Station, before construction

As of February 2011, the two important train stations in metropolitan Chuncheon are, the terminus of the Gyeongchun Line, Chuncheon Station, and hugely used by the city's most poplulated southern (Toegye-dong and Seoksa-dong) residents, Namchuncheon Station. Both of them are on the run successfully. This is a double track rapid transit connecting the city to Sangbong Station in Seoul. As of December 21, 2010, a new realigned twin track electrified line has been successfully constructed and several new stations are being constructed to replace the existing halts. It is also the northern terminus of the Jungang Expressway, eastern terminus of the new Seoul-Chuncheon Expressway, and various national and regional roads connect it to the outlying regions of Gangwon or Gyeonggi, with Chuncheon Bus Terminal. Highway buses to Daegu and Gwangju (both "metropolitan city") also operates in Highway-bus Terminal, which nears. There are also river transport facilities in Soyangho (Lake Soyang), which connects to Cheongpyeongsa (청평사, Buddhist) temple.[4]

Climate

Chuncheon has cold winters and hot summers. The lowest measured temperature was −27.9°C (February 6, 1969),[5] and the highest was 36.6°C (July 21, 1972).[6] The annual precipitation is an average of 1347.3 mm.

Climate data for Chuncheon (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
5.1
(41.2)
11.1
(52.0)
19.1
(66.4)
23.9
(75.0)
27.6
(81.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.8
(85.6)
25.5
(77.9)
19.6
(67.3)
11.0
(51.8)
3.8
(38.8)
17.2
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.5
(40.1)
11.6
(52.9)
17.1
(62.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
12.5
(54.5)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
11.1
Average low °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.4
(39.9)
10.8
(51.4)
16.5
(61.7)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
14.8
(58.6)
7.1
(44.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
5.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.799)
23.8
(0.937)
41.7
(1.642)
62.3
(2.453)
104.0
(4.094)
123.1
(4.846)
383.8
(15.11)
317.5
(12.5)
160.9
(6.335)
44.3
(1.744)
44.7
(1.76)
20.9
(0.823)
1,347.3
(53.043)
humidity 69.3 65.4 63.1 59.2 66.2 71.8 79.6 79.8 78.0 75.3 73.1 71.7 71.0
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.8 6.3 7.8 7.3 9.1 10.1 15.5 13.7 8.2 6.0 7.9 7.3 106
Sunshine hours 165.7 172.4 197.6 215.5 221.3 200.6 144.2 169.1 173.8 174.1 141.3 148.7 2,124.2
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [7]

Sister cities

Chuncheon-si protested against the enactment of "Day of Takeshima" ordinance of Shimane Prefecture and announced to suspend the sisterhood relationship with Kakamigahara in March, 2005. [8]

City State Country Year
Higashichikuma District Emblem of Nagano Prefecture.svg Nagano Prefecture Japan Japan June 8, 1984
Hōfu Flag of Yamaguchi Prefecture.svg Yamaguchi Prefecture Japan Japan October 29, 1991
Kakamigahara Emblem of Gifu Prefecture.svg Gifu Prefecture Japan Japan October 31, 2003
Addis Ababa Ethiopia Addis Ababa (State) Ethiopia Ethiopia May 2, 2004

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 37°52′N 127°44′E / 37.867°N 127.733°E / 37.867; 127.733


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