Thierry of Chartres

Thierry of Chartres ("Theodoricus Chartrensis") or Theodoric the Breton ("Theodericus Brito") (died before 1155,Cite web|url=http://www2.nd.edu/Departments/Maritain/etext/hwp212.htm|title=Chapter IV - The School of Chartres|accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=August 29|publisher=The Jacques Maritain Center, University of Notre Dame|year=1963|author=Ralph McInerny|work=A History of Western Philosophy Vol. II - Part III: The Twelfth Century|language=English] probably 1150Cite web|url=http://maritain.nd.edu/jmc/etext/hop33.htm|title=Chapter XXXIII - The School of Chartres|accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=August 29|publisher=The Jacques Maritain Center, University of Notre Dame|year=1903|author=William Turner|work=History of Philosophy|language=English] ) was a twelfth-century philosopher working at Chartres and Paris, France.

The cathedral school at Chartres promoted scholarship before the first university was founded in France. Thierry was a prominent exponent of the philosophical school of Chartres, a Platonist reaction to the anti-realism of Roscellinus and Peter Abelard. Some modern scholars believed Thierry to have been a brother of Bernard of Chartres who had founded the school of Chartres, but later research has shown that this is unlikely. [Paul Edward Dutton (ed.), "The Glosae super Platonem of Bernard of Chartres", Toronto 1991, p. 40-42.] John of Salisbury [CathEncy|wstitle=Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartes] and Herman of Carinthia were among Thierry's students.

Works

He wrote the "Heptateucon" (a treatise on liberal arts), some commentaries on Boethius' "De Trinitate" and a "Tractatus de sex dierum operibus" or "In Hexaemeron" (a treatise on the six days of creation), in which he interprets the Genesis narration in a scientific way ("secundum physicam") with reference to Plato's "Timaeus".

Thierry's explanation of the creation of the world is based on a theological interpretation of Aristotle's four causes, which he identifies with the three persons of the Trinity plus matter (made up of the four elements): the Father is the efficient cause, the Son is the formal cause, the Holy Spirit is the final cause and the four elements are the material cause.

According to Thierry, the act of divine creation is limited to the creation of the four elements, which then evolve by themselves, mix according to mathematical proportions and make up the physical world.

Editions

* "Commentaries on Boethius by Thierry of Chartres and His School", ed. N. M. Häring, Toronto 1971.
* "The Latin Rethorical Commentaries by Thierry of Chartres", ed. K. M. Fredborg, Toronto 1988.

References

Further reading

* Peter Dronke, "Thierry of Chartres", in P. Dronke, "A History of Twelfth Century Western Philosophy", Cambridge 1988.
* Peter Ellard, "The Sacred Cosmos: Theological, Philosophical, and Scientific Conversations in the Twelfth Century School of Chartres", University of Scranton Press, 2007.

ee also

Renaissance of the 12th century


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  • Thierry de Chartres — Thierry von Chartres (* um 1085; † um 1155; lateinisch Theodoricus Carnotensis) war ein platonischer Philosoph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Heptateuchon 3 De sex dierum operibus 4 Literatur // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thierry von Chartres — (* um 1085; † um 1155; lateinisch Theodoricus Carnotensis) war ein platonischer Philosoph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Heptateuchon 3 De sex dierum operibus 4 Litera …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thierry de Chartres — est un philosophe platonicien du XIIe siècle, mort avant 1155, probablement 1150. Il est également appelé Thierry le Breton. Théologien, et philosophe, il est, avec son frère Bernard de Chartres, un des grands noms de la célèbre École de Chartres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thierry de chartres — est un philosophe platonicien du XIIe siècle, mort avant 1155, probablement 1150. Il est également appelé Thierry le Breton. Théologien, et philosophe, il est, avec son frère Bernard de Chartres, un des grands noms de la célèbre École de Chartres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • THIERRY DE CHARTRES — (mort av. 1155) Thierry est chancelier de la cathédrale de Chartres en 1141; avant cette date, Jean de Salisbury l’a eu pour maître à Paris. Il est un des esprits les plus actifs et les plus avancés du XIIe siècle, de plain pied avec le savoir… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thierry von Chartres —   [tjɛ ri, ʃartr], latinisiert Theodoricus Brito, Theodoricus Carnotẹnsis, französischer Theologe und Gelehrter, * in der Bretagne um 1100, ✝ Chartres 1151. Ob er tatsächlich in Chartres gelehrt hat, ist nicht gesichert; nach 1136 lehrte er in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thierry de Chartres — ▪ French theologian also called  Thierry the Breton , Latin  Theodoricus , or  Terricus,  Carnotensis , or  Brito  born c. 1100, , France died c. 1150, , Chartres, Fr.       French theologian, teacher, encyclopaedist, one of the foremost thinkers …   Universalium

  • Thierry of Chartres — (d. c. 1152)    Philosopher and Theologian.    Thierry was a younger brother of Bernard of Chartres. He taught first in Chartres, France, and then in Paris. Later he succeeded gilbert de la porrée as Chancellor of Chartres. He is remembered for… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Thierry of Chartres — See Twelfth century ( …   History of philosophy

  • Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartres — • A Platonist philosopher of the twelfth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartres     Theodoric (Thierry) of Chartes      …   Catholic encyclopedia


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