East York, Ontario

Infobox City
official_name = Borough of East York (Dissolved)
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_size =


mapsize =
map_caption = Location of East York (red) compared to the rest of Toronto (yellow).
pushpin_

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Canada
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Ontario
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title =Mayor
leader_name =David Miller (Toronto Mayor)
leader_title1 = Governing Body
leader_name1 =Toronto City Council
leader_title2 =MPs
leader_name2 =Jack Layton, Maria Minna
leader_title3 =MPPs
leader_name3 =Michael Prue, Peter Tabuns
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title =Established
established_date = 1967
established_title2 = Amalgamation
established_date2 = 1998 with Toronto
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 21.26
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of =
population_footnotes =
population_note =
settlement_type = Borough
population_total = 112,054
population_density_km2 = 5418
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_mi2 =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=43 |latm=41 |lats=28.68 |latNS=N
longd=79 |longm=19 |longs=40.08 |longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =Postal code span
postal_code =M4C, M4E, M4G, M4H
area_code =
website =
footnotes =

East York was formerly a semi-autonomous borough within the overall municipality of Metropolitan Toronto before East York, North York, York, Scarborough, Etobicoke and Toronto were amalgamated into the new "megacity" of Toronto in 1998. One of East York's claims to fame was that, before the amalgamation, it was Canada's only borough.

It is separated by the Don River from the former City of Toronto. Traditional East York is southeast of the river, and the neighbourhoods of Leaside, Bennington Heights and densely-populated Thorncliffe Park are northwest of the river. The heart of East York is filled with middle-class and working-class homes, with extensive high-rise developments along peripheral major streets and in Crescent Town and Thorncliffe Park.

History

East York was originally part of York Township. Following the incorporation of the Township of North York in 1922, York Township was divided by Toronto, Leaside and North Toronto. With the rapid growth that followed the opening of the Bloor-Danforth (Prince Edward) Viaduct in 1919, the residents of the eastern half of York Township felt they had been neglected by the Township when it came to roads, sewers and other municipal services. Left with the option to either join the City of Toronto or branch out on its own, East Yorkers voted 448 affirmative and 102 negative. The Township of East York was incorporated on January 1, 1924 with a population of 19,849. The western half retained its name.

East York was originally populated by working class English people who valued the opportunity to own small homes of their own, with front lawns and back gardens. Many had immigrated from Lancashire and Yorkshire. In 1961, 71.7% of the population identified themselves as having British origins.

In the late 1940s, after World War II, East York became home to many returning veterans and their families. Many inexpensive homes were built, including the houses around Topham Park, by the government, to house the returning veterans and the baby boomers. The local government was both socially conscious and frugal, fitting the residents' self-image of East York as filled with supportive neighbours and NGOs.

For many years, the borough did not allow the serving of alcoholic beverages in any restaurants, etc. The result was a heavy concentration of alcohol-serving restaurants and bars on Danforth Avenue, a main street in the city of Toronto running east-west just south of East York. The prohibition of serving alcohol was eliminated in the 1970s. [Davidson, True. 1976. "The Golden Years of East York." Toronto: Centennial College Press.]

The borough of East York was established in 1967 through the amalgamation of the former township of East York and the former town of Leaside. Leaside was a planned industrial and residential community. East York has over the years been a residential enclave for senior citizens, as the original owners from the 1940s age and as younger families move out to suburbs to live in larger houses.

Recently, rapid and accelerated gentrification has changed many neighbourhoods. Many one-story bungalows have added second floors, and many shops have been converted to more upscale shops.

East York's last mayor was Michael Prue who went on to become city councillor for East York, and then a Member of Provincial Parliament for Beaches—East York in 2001. Between 2002 and 2005, the East York Civic Centre's "True Davidson Council Chamber" was used to hold the Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry/Toronto External Contracts Inquiry.

List of the reeves and mayors of East York

Reeves
* 1954-1956 Harry G. Simpson
* 1957-1960 Jack R. Allen
* 1961-1966 True Davidson

Mayors
* 1967-1971 True Davidson
* 1973-1975 Willis L. Blair
* 1976 Leslie Howard Saunders
* 1977-1982 Alan Redway - later federal MP
* 1983-1992 David Johnson later PC MPP
* 1993-1998 Michael Prue - later Toronto city councillor and current NDP MPP

Demographics

East York's population was 115,185 in 2001 [cite web|url=http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=|title=2001 Census Data for East York] . By the 2006 census, the population had dropped slightly (-2.7%), to 112,054. [As East York is no longer a separate municipality, Statistics Canada no longer reports its population (or other statistics). The total population was obtained for this article by summing the census tracts that comprised East York before 2006.]

Since the 1970s, the population composition has changed from predominantly British, as East York has become a major arrival point for immigrants, many of whom have established their first Canadian residence in the apartments that became plentiful in Thorncliffe Park, Crescent Town and elsewhere on or near main streets. Almost half of the population in 2001 (45.1%) was foreign-born, and of these, 49.0% had immigrated to the area between 1991 and 2001. [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=] These groups include Bengalis, Indians, Pakistanis, Jamaicans, Filipinos and Sri Lankans. East York also has a well established Greek population and a growing Chinese community.

The religious affiliations of the East York population are consistent with its ethnic composition. Some 63.4% of the population adheres to Christianity, with an almost even split between Catholics (23.6%) and Protestants (25.3%). Christian Orthodox and unspecified types of Christianity make up 12.0% and 2.5% respectively. The largest non-Christian religious group is Muslim, who make up 12.6% of religious adherents, followed by Hinduism (3.7%), Buddhism (1.6%), and Judaism (0.9%). A sizable percentage of the population (17.1%) has no religious affiliation. [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=]

While English is the dominant language in the area, nearly half (42.6%) of the population reports that their first language was neither English nor French.

ports

East York is home to various sports teams. The hockey teams are the Bulldogs, playing out of East York Arena, and Victoria Village, playing out of Victoria Village arena. Both leagues offer entry level and competitive select hockey for various ages, being played in the North York Hockey League. East York is home to East York Soccer, playing out of East York Collegiate, and Clairlea Soccer, playing out of various locations, who both offer entry level and competitive soccer for all ages. Baseball wise, East York is home to organizations such as East York and Topham Park. East York provides entry level and AAA baseball for all ages, while Topham Park only provides entry level. East York is also home to a provincially-known figure skating club, a gymnastics club, a lawn bowling club, and a curling club.

Famous residents

East York has been the home of:


* Edwin Alonzo Boyd, bank robber
* Jim Brennan, MLS Soccer Player for Toronto FC
* Rob and Rich Butler, Professional baseball players: outfielders
* John Candy, comedian and actor
* Shirley Douglas, actress, daughter of political leader Tommy Douglas and mother of Kiefer Sutherland
* Stephen Harper, Canadian Prime Minister (Leaside)
* George Dunbar, photographer
* Dr. Robert Ing, forensic scientist and media personality
* Jesse F. Keeler, musician/producer as MSTRKRFT and former bassist/keyboardist of Death from Above 1979
* Peter Lynch, TV director
* Russell Martin, Professional baseball player: catcher
* Raymond Massey, actor
* Canadian Governor General Vincent Massey
* Dr. Robert McClure, medical missionary
* Colin Mochrie, actor and improvisational comedian
* Kevin Narraway, Professional football player
* Charles Sauriol, naturalist and author
* Reuben Smith, WWI & WWII veteran, noted amateur horticulturist
* Kiefer Sutherland, movie and TV actor, especially 24
*The Kratt Brothers, Children's TV hosts
* Ron Taylor, professional baseball player: pitcher, physician
* Domenic Troiano, former guitarist for Ronnie Hawkins, The Guess Who and Bush
* Whipper Billy Watson, champion wrestler

* Barry Wellman's series of three studies of community, networks and (recently) the Internet are set in East York. [www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman]

* Canadian television series Degrassi High was filmed in East York at Centennial College-East York (The Centre for Creative Communications - 951 Carlaw Avenue), near the intersection of Mortimer Avenue. and Pape Avenue.

External links

* [http://eastyork.org/ East York Information]

References

Davidson, True. 1976. "The Golden Years of East York." Toronto: Centennial College Press.

Gillies, Marion and Barry Wellman. 1968. "East York: A Profile." Report to Community Studies Section, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto.

Wellman, Barry and Bernie Hogan, with Kristen Berg, Jeffrey Boase, Juan-Antonio Carrasco, Rochelle Côté, Jennifer Kayahara, Tracy L.M. Kennedy and Phouc Tran. “Connected Lives: The Project” Pp. 157-211 in "Networked Neighbourhoods: The Online Community in Context", edited by Patrick Purcell. Guildford, UK: Springer, 2006.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • East York — Lage in Ontario …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • East York — can refer to:*East York, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. *the former Borough of East York, Ontario, Canada, now part of the City of Toronto …   Wikipedia

  • East York Civic Centre — The East York Civic Centre was the municipal office of the former Borough of East York, Ontario, Canada, now part of Toronto as the result of municipal amalgamation. The two storey civic buildings, located on the western side of Coxwell Avenue,… …   Wikipedia

  • East York — 〚orig. the E portion of the county of York, after the House of YORK1〛 city in SE Ontario, Canada: part of metropolitan Toronto: pop. 108,000 * * * Borough (pop., 2001: 115,185), southeastern Ontario, Canada. With the cities of North York …   Universalium

  • York (Ontario) — York es uno de los seis distritos de la actual ciudad canadiense de Ontario. Fue una ciudad de la provincia de Ontario hasta 1998, año en que fue anexionada a Toronto, otras tres ciudades y un distrito municipal para formar la actual ciudad de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • York (Ontario) — York Motto: E singulis communitas Lage in Ontario …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • East York, Pennsylvania — East York is a census designated place (CDP) in York County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 8,782 at the 2000 census.HistoryThe suburb of East York was being developed with the foresight that industrial expansion would attract a… …   Wikipedia

  • East York — [orig. the E portion of the county of York, after the House of YORK1] city in SE Ontario, Canada: part of metropolitan Toronto: pop. 108,000 …   English World dictionary

  • York, Ontario — This article is about the former city that was amalgamated into Toronto. For the regional municipality north of Toronto, see Regional Municipality of York. For the historical part of Toronto that existed in 1793–1834, see York, Upper Canada. For… …   Wikipedia

  • York (Ontario) — Toronto  Cet article concerne la ville canadienne. Pour les autres significations, voir Toronto (homonymie). Toronto …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.