East York, Ontario
official_name = Borough of East York (Dissolved)
map_caption = Location of East York (red) compared to the rest of Toronto (yellow).
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
leader_name =David Miller (Toronto Mayor)
leader_title1 = Governing Body
Toronto City Council
Jack Layton, Maria Minna
Michael Prue, Peter Tabuns
established_date = 1967
established_title2 = Amalgamation
established_date2 = 1998 with Toronto
area_total_km2 = 21.26
settlement_type = Borough
population_total = 112,054
population_density_km2 = 5418
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=43 |latm=41 |lats=28.68 |latNS=N
longd=79 |longm=19 |longs=40.08 |longEW=W
postal_code_type =Postal code span
postal_code =M4C, M4E, M4G, M4H
East York was formerly a semi-autonomous
boroughwithin the overall municipality of Metropolitan Torontobefore East York, North York, York, Scarborough, Etobicoke and Toronto were amalgamated into the new "megacity" of Toronto in 1998. One of East York's claims to fame was that, before the amalgamation, it was Canada's only borough.
It is separated by the Don River from the former City of Toronto. Traditional East York is southeast of the river, and the neighbourhoods of
Leaside, Bennington Heights and densely-populated Thorncliffe Parkare northwest of the river. The heart of East York is filled with middle-class and working-class homes, with extensive high-rise developments along peripheral major streets and in Crescent Townand Thorncliffe Park.
East York was originally part of York Township. Following the incorporation of the Township of North York in 1922, York Township was divided by
Toronto, Leasideand North Toronto. With the rapid growth that followed the opening of the Bloor-Danforth (Prince Edward) Viaduct in 1919, the residents of the eastern half of York Township felt they had been neglected by the Township when it came to roads, sewers and other municipal services. Left with the option to either join the City of Toronto or branch out on its own, East Yorkers voted 448 affirmative and 102 negative. The Township of East York was incorporated on January 1, 1924 with a population of 19,849. The western half retained its name.
East York was originally populated by
working class English peoplewho valued the opportunity to own small homes of their own, with front lawns and back gardens. Many had immigrated from Lancashireand Yorkshire. In 1961, 71.7% of the population identified themselves as having British origins.
In the late 1940s, after
World War II, East York became home to many returning veterans and their families. Many inexpensive homes were built, including the houses around Topham Park, by the government, to house the returning veterans and the baby boomers. The local government was both socially conscious and frugal, fitting the residents' self-image of East York as filled with supportive neighbours and NGOs.
For many years, the borough did not allow the serving of
alcoholic beverages in any restaurants, etc. The result was a heavy concentration of alcohol-serving restaurants and bars on Danforth Avenue, a main street in the city of Toronto running east-west just south of East York. The prohibition of serving alcohol was eliminated in the 1970s. [Davidson, True. 1976. "The Golden Years of East York." Toronto: Centennial College Press.]
The borough of East York was established in 1967 through the amalgamation of the former township of East York and the former town of Leaside. Leaside was a planned industrial and residential community. East York has over the years been a residential enclave for senior citizens, as the original owners from the 1940s age and as younger families move out to suburbs to live in larger houses.
Recently, rapid and accelerated
gentrificationhas changed many neighbourhoods. Many one-story bungalows have added second floors, and many shops have been converted to more upscale shops.
East York's last mayor was
Michael Pruewho went on to become city councillor for East York, and then a Member of Provincial Parliamentfor Beaches—East Yorkin 2001. Between 2002 and 2005, the East York Civic Centre's "True Davidson Council Chamber" was used to hold the Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry/Toronto External Contracts Inquiry.
List of the reeves and mayors of East York
* 1954-1956 Harry G. Simpson
* 1957-1960 Jack R. Allen
Willis L. Blair
Leslie Howard Saunders
Alan Redway- later federal MP
* 1983-1992 David Johnson later PC MPP
Michael Prue- later Toronto city councillor and current NDP MPP
East York's population was 115,185 in 2001 [cite web|url=http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=|title=2001 Census Data for East York] . By the 2006 census, the population had dropped slightly (-2.7%), to 112,054. [As East York is no longer a separate municipality,
Statistics Canadano longer reports its population (or other statistics). The total population was obtained for this article by summing the census tracts that comprised East York before 2006.]
Since the 1970s, the population composition has changed from predominantly British, as East York has become a major arrival point for immigrants, many of whom have established their first Canadian residence in the apartments that became plentiful in
Thorncliffe Park, Crescent Townand elsewhere on or near main streets. Almost half of the population in 2001 (45.1%) was foreign-born, and of these, 49.0% had immigrated to the area between 1991 and 2001. [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=] These groups include Bengalis, Indians, Pakistanis, Jamaicans, Filipinos and Sri Lankans. East York also has a well established Greek population and a growing Chinese community.
The religious affiliations of the East York population are consistent with its ethnic composition. Some 63.4% of the population adheres to Christianity, with an almost even split between Catholics (23.6%) and Protestants (25.3%). Christian Orthodox and unspecified types of Christianity make up 12.0% and 2.5% respectively. The largest non-Christian religious group is Muslim, who make up 12.6% of religious adherents, followed by
Hinduism(3.7%), Buddhism(1.6%), and Judaism(0.9%). A sizable percentage of the population (17.1%) has no religious affiliation. [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3520006&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=East%20York&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=]
While English is the dominant language in the area, nearly half (42.6%) of the population reports that their first language was neither English nor French.
East York is home to various sports teams. The hockey teams are the Bulldogs, playing out of East York Arena, and Victoria Village, playing out of Victoria Village arena. Both leagues offer entry level and competitive select hockey for various ages, being played in the North York Hockey League. East York is home to East York Soccer, playing out of East York Collegiate, and Clairlea Soccer, playing out of various locations, who both offer entry level and competitive soccer for all ages. Baseball wise, East York is home to organizations such as East York and Topham Park. East York provides entry level and AAA baseball for all ages, while Topham Park only provides entry level. East York is also home to a provincially-known figure skating club, a gymnastics club, a
lawn bowlingclub, and a curlingclub.
East York has been the home of:
Edwin Alonzo Boyd, bank robber
Jim Brennan, MLS Soccer Player for Toronto FC
* Rob and
Rich Butler, Professional baseball players: outfielders
John Candy, comedian and actor
Shirley Douglas, actress, daughter of political leader Tommy Douglasand mother of Kiefer Sutherland
Stephen Harper, Canadian Prime Minister (Leaside)
* George Dunbar, photographer
Robert Ing, forensic scientist and media personality
Jesse F. Keeler, musician/producer as MSTRKRFTand former bassist/keyboardist of Death from Above 1979
* Peter Lynch, TV director
Russell Martin, Professional baseball player: catcher
Raymond Massey, actor
* Canadian Governor General
Robert McClure, medical missionary
Colin Mochrie, actor and improvisational comedian
Kevin Narraway, Professional football player
Charles Sauriol, naturalist and author
* Reuben Smith, WWI & WWII veteran, noted amateur horticulturist
Kiefer Sutherland, movie and TV actor, especially 24
Kratt Brothers, Children's TV hosts
Ron Taylor, professional baseball player: pitcher, physician
Domenic Troiano, former guitarist for Ronnie Hawkins, The Guess Whoand Bush
Whipper Billy Watson, champion wrestler
Barry Wellman's series of three studies of community, networks and (recently) the Internet are set in East York. [www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman]
* Canadian television series
Degrassi Highwas filmed in East York at Centennial College-East York (The Centre for Creative Communications - 951 Carlaw Avenue), near the intersection of Mortimer Avenue. and Pape Avenue.
* [http://eastyork.org/ East York Information]
Davidson, True. 1976. "The Golden Years of East York." Toronto: Centennial College Press.
Gillies, Marion and Barry Wellman. 1968. "East York: A Profile." Report to Community Studies Section, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto.
Wellman, Barry and Bernie Hogan, with Kristen Berg, Jeffrey Boase, Juan-Antonio Carrasco, Rochelle Côté, Jennifer Kayahara, Tracy L.M. Kennedy and Phouc Tran. “Connected Lives: The Project” Pp. 157-211 in "Networked Neighbourhoods: The Online Community in Context", edited by Patrick Purcell. Guildford, UK: Springer, 2006.
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