subdivision_type = Country
Bosnia and Herzegovina
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
map_caption =Location of Šipovo within Bosnia and Herzegovina
native_name = Шипово
official_name = Šipovo
area_total_km2 = 510²
population_blank1 = ?|population_blank1_title=Municipality
population_total = 15,553
area_code = 50
leader_name = Milorad Ćirko (NDS) [http://www.izbori.ba/documents/Rezultati%20izbora%202004/Utvrdjeni/2004NacelniciRS.pdf]
Cyrillic: Шипово) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, central Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipality covers an area of convert|510|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on, much of which is forested. The Glogovac monasteryof the Serb Orthodox Churchis near the town. [http://www.eparhijabihackopetrovacka.org/index.php?akcija=menu&id=manastiri]
It is located between municipalities of
Mrkonjić Gradin the west, Jezeroin the north, Jajceand Donji Vakufin the east, and Kupres (Republike Srpske) and Glamočin the south.
In the broader geographical sense, the town of Šipovo is located at 440 17’ north and 170 06’ east, in the zone of temperately continental climate.
In the narrower geographical sense, Šipovo is located in south-eastern part of Republika Srpska, with the total area of convert|510|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on, and with population of 11,000. The population consists of 95% of Serbs and 5% of Bosniacs.
Šipovo is a mountain area, intersected in the west-east direction by the Pliva River, whose length is about 30 kilometres of the air line, and in the south-north direction by the Janj River, whose length is about 35 kilometres of the air line. Besides these two rivers, the Šipovo area is also intersected by three small rivers – Sokočnica, Lubovica and Volarica. The area around the mouth of the Janj River to the Pliva River is both plain and hilly, with the height of around 440 metres above sea level. It gradually slopes up to become the mountain area whose highest mountains are Vitorog (1906 m) in the south, Lisina (1335 m) in the north, Gorica (1267 m) in the east, and Čardak (1452 m) in the west.
The urban area lies in the northern part of the town, in the basin of the aforementioned rivers. The 60% of the population of Šipovo lives in this urban area. In terms of traffic, two important roads stretch across Šipovo along the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj: Banjaluka-Šipovo-Kupres and Jezero-Šipovo-Glamoč. The relief of the area of Šipovo consists of the following relief constituents:
#the mountain massifs (Vitorog, Plazenica, Ravna Gora, Gorica, Lisina, and Čardak);
#plateaus (natpoljsko-čuklićka, podobzirsko-pribeljačka, and strojičko-podovska);
#the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj
Panorama SipovaThe relief of the Šipovo region is mostly formed from sediment lime rocks and dolomite. The areas of lime are intersected by numerous tectonic fissures on which many forms of relief are formed (depressions, inlets, pits, and caves), the most famous cave being Vaganjska pećina (990 metres above sea level), decorated with countless stalactites and stalagmites.
In the geomorphologic sense, Šipovo is a mountain region whose average height is 800 metres above sea level. In the global climatic sense, Šipovo lies in temperately continental zone, with certain differences the reason for which being variations in height above sea level, as well as topographic and vegetational elements. The air temperature is the basic climatic element. The average annual temperature is 10˚C, the average summer temperature is 20˚C, and the average winter temperature is around 0˚C. The average annual insolation is 1800 hours, which makes five hours per day. The average annual humidity is around 85%. Precipitations are very important climatic element. The average value of annual precipitations is 990 mm. The average number of snowy days is 120, whereas the vegetational period lasts for about 250 days. There are a lot of foggy days in Šipovo. Winds are very often in the southern part of the area (Janjska visoravan) due to intermixing of the Mediterranean and continental air masses over Janj.
The forming of ground (the pedologic composition of it) and its physical and chemical characteristics are dominantly influenced by relief, geologic base, climate, and vegetation. Given aforementioned facts, there are three typical types of grounds in the area: valley ground, hill ground, and mountain ground. In the region of Šipovo, there are the following types of soil: podzoli, smedja, and to some extent černozem, and naplavine in the valleys of the rivers Pliva and Janj. The diversity of soil and other elements (like climatic regime and height above sea level) have influenced the diversity of flora and fauna in the region. In the lowest parts, there are deciduous trees (beech and hornbeam), and in the higher parts, there are evergreen trees (spruce, fir, and pine).
Owing to all these diversities, the inhabitants of the area are given the possibility of going in for various fields of agriculture (farming, fruit growing, cattle breeding, fishing, and apiculture), tourism and so forth. Forty-eight percent (223.99 km²) of the Šipovo region is covered with forests, thirty-three percent (154.8 km²) with meadows and pastures, fourteen percent (66.03 km²) with fields and orchards, and four percent (17.38 km²) with unproductive land.
* Serbs - 14.970 (83,00%)
* Muslims - 2.952 (16,36%)
* Croats - 35 (0,19%)
* Yugoslavs - 9 (0,04)
* others - 69 (0,41%)
* Serbs - 12.844 (79,50)
* Muslims - 2.831 (17,52)
* Croats - 25 (0,15)
* Yugoslavs - 324 (2,00)
* others - 130 (0,83)
In 1991 the municipality of Šipovo had a population of 15,553, including:
Serbs(See: Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Muslims by nationality
Croats(See: Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
The town of Šipovo had a total population of 8,855, including:
*1,906 Muslims by nationality
In 2006, the majority of inhabitants of municipality were ethnic Serbs. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Municipalities of Republika Srpska
* [http://www.vladars.net/en/srpska/opstine.html Municipalities of Republika Srpska]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Sipovo — Šipovo Pour le village kosovar, voir Šipovo (Zubin Potok). Šipovo Шипово [[Image:|100px|center|Blason]] [[Image:|100px|center|Drapeau]] Blason … Wikipédia en Français
Šipovo — Шипово … Deutsch Wikipedia
Šipovo — Municipalidades de la República Srpska de Bosnia y Herzegovina … Wikipedia Español
Šipovo — Pour le village kosovar, voir Šipovo (Zubin Potok). 44° 16′ 53″ N 17° 05′ 02″ E / … Wikipédia en Français
Sipovo — Lage Šipovo (in kyrillischer Schrift Шипово), auch bekannt als Sokograd (Sokol) ist ein Ort sowie die gleichnamige Gemeinde in Zentralbosnien, die zur Republika Srpska gehören. Die Fläche der Gemeinde Šipovo beträgt insgesamt 510km², mit etwa… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sipovo — Original name in latin ipovo Name in other language Sipovo, ipovo State code BA Continent/City Europe/Sarajevo longitude 44.28237 latitude 17.08597 altitude 446 Population 10738 Date 2012 05 06 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Šipovo — Sp Šipovas Ap Šipovo L Bosnija ir Hercegovina … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Sokolac (Šipovo) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sokolac. 44° 16′ 31″ N 17° 02′ 21″ E … Wikipédia en Français
Babici (Sipovo) — Babići (Šipovo) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Babići. Babići Бабићи [[Image:|100px|center|Blason]] [[Image:|100px|center|Drapeau]] Blason … Wikipédia en Français
Luzine (Sipovo) — Lužine (Šipovo) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lužine. Lužine Лужине [[Image:|100px|center|Blason]] [[Image:|100px|center|Drapeau]] Blason … Wikipédia en Français