John Joseph Montgomery
John Joseph Montgomery (
February 15, 1858– October 31, 1911) was an aviationpioneer, inventor, professor at Santa Clara College.
August 28, 1883he made the first manned, controlled, heavier-than-air flights of the United States, in the Otay Mesaarea of San Diego, California(after European pioneers such as George Cayley's coachman in 1853, or Jean-Marie Le Brisin 1856). Later, in 1905, Montgomery's pilot Daniel Maloney made a series of remarkable flights in the vicinity of Aptos and Santa Clara using tandem wing Montgomery gliders launched from balloons. These flights demonstrated the controllability of the Montgomery design and were the highest flights achieved by man to date. John Montgomery was issued U.S. Patent#831,173 on September 18, 1906 for his invention of an aeroplane. He was a member of the Aero Club of Illinois (1910) and member of the research committee of the Technical Board of the New York Aeronautical Society (1911).
Montgomery died in the crash of his
glider"The Evergreen" on October 31, 1911and was buried at Holy Cross Cemetery in Colma, Californiaon November 3, 1911.
In 1946, John J. Montgomery's life was portrayed in the movie "
Gallant Journey" starring Glenn Fordand Janet Blair, and directed by William Wellman.
Recognition and Honors
California Historical Landmarks ( [http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/local/montgomery.html #711: Montgomery Memorial, Otay Mesa] ; [http://www.calandmarks.com/counties/800-899/813.html #813: Montgomery Hill, San Jose] ) have been named in his honor as has one section of the Interstate 5 freeway ( John J. Montgomery Freeway) in San Diego, Californiaand a recreation center near the location of his first successful glides ( [http://www.sandiego.gov/park-and-recreation/centers/montgomery.shtml Montgomery-Waller Recreation Center, San Diego, California] ). The Montgomery Memorial in San Diego features a silver static test wing panel for the B-32 Dominatormounted upright that is visible for miles.California schools that have been named in his honor:
"Chula Vista Elementary School District:"
* [http://www.cvesd.org/montgomery/default.aspx John J. Montgomery Elementary School, Chula Vista, California]
Evergreen Elementary School District:"
* [http://www.eesd.org/Montgomery/about.html John J. Montgomery Elementary School, San Jose, California]
"San Diego Unified School District:"
* [http://montgomery.sandi.net/ Montgomery Middle School, San Diego, California]
Sweetwater Union High School District:"
* [http://www.suhsd.k12.ca.us/moh/ Montgomery High School, San Diego, California]
* [http://www.suhsd.k12.ca.us/mom/ Montgomery Middle School, San Diego, California]
Civil Air PatrolSquadron ( [http://sq36.cawg.cap.gov/ John J. Montgomery Memorial Cadet Squadron 36] ). San Diego's Montgomery Field(MYF), one of the busiest airports for small planes in the United States, is named for him as well.
John J. Montgomery was inducted into the
National Aviation Hall of Famein 1964 and [http://www.soaringmuseum.org/halloffame/chronlist.html the U.S. Soaring Hall of Fame] in 2002.
In 1996, Montgomery's 1883 glider was recognized as an International Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. On March 19, 2005, John J. Montgomery was the focus of a "Centennial Celebration of Soaring Flight", held in Aptos, Californiaat the location of some of his early glider experiments.
On March 15, 2008, a sculpture was unveiled at San Felipe and Yerba Buena roads in
San Jose, Californiaas a tribute to the pioneering aviation accomplishments of John Montgomery. The 30-foot-tall steel structure of a glider wing was placed on a 32-foot-diameter plaza designed by San Francisco artist Kent Roberts. [ [http://www.mercurynews.com/salpizarro/ci_8569607 Pizarro: Evergreen artwork honors valley's pioneer of flight - San Jose Mercury News ] at www.mercurynews.com]
On April 5, 2008, a celebration of the 125th anniversary of John Montgomery's first glides took place at the
Hiller Aviation Museumin San Carlos, California. [http://www.hiller.org/files/i/Montgomery.jpg]
Allan Haines Loughead
Thomas Scott Baldwin
George Thomas Montgomery
List of Santa Clara University people
*Montgomery, John J. "Discussions on the Various Papers on Soaring Flight" Proceedings of the International Conference on Aerial Navigation, Chicago, Aug. 1-4. 1893 pp. 246-249.
*Montgomery, John J. "Soaring Flight", manuscript, 1895.
*Montgomery, John J. "The Mechanics Involved in a Bird's Wing in Soaring and Their Relation to Aeronautics", Address to the Southern California Academy of Sciences, Los Angeles, Nov. 9, 1897.
*Montgomery, John J. "The Aeroplane", The Aeroplane Advertising Co., Santa Clara, CA
*Montgomery, John J. "New Principles in Aerial Flight", Scientific American, November 25, 1905.
*Montgomery, John J. "Principles Involved in the Formation of Winged Surfaces and the Phenomenon of Soaring", presented at the Aeronautics Congress, New York, Oct. 28-29, 1907. Published in Aeronautics Vol. 3, No. 5, November, 1908.
*Montgomery, John J. "Some Early Gliding Experiments in America", Aeronautics, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1909, pp. 47-50.
*Montgomery, John J. "Our Tutors in the Art of Flying", Aeronautics, September 22, 1915, pp. 99-100 (article printed posthumously).
*"The Montgomery Aeroplane", Scientific American, May 20, 1904, pp. 404.
*"Most Daring Test of Flying-Machine Ever Made", Popular Mechanics, June Vol. 7, No. 6, 1905.
*"The Montgomery Aeroplane", Popular Mechanics, July Vol. 7, No. 7, 1905 pp. 703-707.
*Josselyn, Winsor "He Flew in 1883", Harper's Magazine, Vol. 181, June, 1940.
*Spearman, Arthur Dunning "John J. Montgomery: Father of Basic Flying". Santa Clara University 1967 and 2nd ed. 1977.
* [http://www.sandiegohistory.org/bio/montgomery/montgomery.htm John J. Montgomery: San Diego Historical Society]
* [http://www.nasm.si.edu/research/aero/aircraft/montgomery_gliders.htm John J. Montgomery: Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Museum]
* [http://www.flyingmachines.org/mont.html Biography with photos at flyingmachines.org]
* [http://www.scu.edu/scm/winter2003/mm-montgomery.cfm John J. Montgomery: Santa Clara College]
* [http://www.sunnyfortuna.com/history/rohnerville/montgomery.htm History of John J. Montgomery's flights at Rohnerville]
*imdb title|0039409|Gallant Journey (1946)
* [http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=160801 Article] @
Turner Classic Movieswebsite
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Joseph Montgomery — John J. Montgomery et son planeur (1905). John J. Montgomery sur so … Wikipédia en Français
John Warwick Montgomery — was born October 18, 1931 in Warsaw, New York. In 2007 he was named Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Christian Thought at Patrick Henry College. [cite news last = Halbrook first = David title = Renowned Apologist John Warwick Montgomery… … Wikipedia
John B. Montgomery — Contraalmirante John B. Montgomery Contraalmirante Años de servicio 57 años … Wikipedia Español
John Flournoy Montgomery — (1878 1954) was an American businessman and diplomat. His sole diplomatic posting was as U.S. Minister to Hungary, between 1933 and 1941. This ambassadorial assignment placed Montgomery at the center of the seething European intrigue that… … Wikipedia
John B. Montgomery — John Berrien Montgomery (1794 ndash; 25 March 1872) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the Mexican American War and the American Civil War.Born in Allentown, New Jersey, Montgomery entered the Navy in 1812. His commands… … Wikipedia
Joseph Montgomery — (1733–1794) was an American Presbyterian minister and a delegate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania.Joseph was born near Harrisburg (now Paxtang, Pennsylvania) on October 3, 1733. The area at that time was part of Lancaster County. His … Wikipedia
John Joseph Egan — Monsignor John Joseph Egan (9 October 1916 – 19 May 2001) was an American Roman Catholic priest and social activist. After initially studying business at DePaul University, he transferred to Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary, completing his … Wikipedia
Egan, Msgr. John Joseph — ▪ 2002 American clergyman (b. Oct. 9, 1916, New York, N.Y. d. May 19, 2001, Chicago, Ill.), was a Roman Catholic priest who became a noted social activist. Egan was ordained in 1943. As director of the Chicago Archdiocese Office of Urban… … Universalium
John Montgomery — John Joseph Montgomery John J. Montgomery et son planeur (1905) … Wikipédia en Français
John Montgomery — or Jack Montgomery may refer to: John Montgomery (pioneer) (died 1794), U.S. pioneer in Tennessee John Montgomery (delegate) (1722–1808), U.S. merchant, Continental Congressman for Pennsylvania John Montgomery (Maryland politician) (1764–1828), U … Wikipedia