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# 10000 (number)

Number
number = 10000
prev = 9999
next = 100000
range = 10000 - 100000
cardinal = 10000
ordinal = th
ordinal text = ten thousandth
numeral = decamillesimal
factorization = $2^4 cdot 5^4$
prime =
divisor =
roman = overline|X
unicode = overline|X, ↂ
greek prefix = myria- (obsolete)
latin prefix = decamilli-
bin = 10011100010000
oct = 23420
duo = 5954
hex = 2710
misc =

10000 (ten thousand) is the natural number following 9999 and preceding 10001.

Name

Many languages have a specific word for this number: In English it is a myriad, in Ancient Greek Unicode|μύριοι, in Aramaic Unicode|ܪܒܘܬܐ, in Hebrew רבבה ("revava"), in Chinese Unicode|萬/万 (Mandarin wan, Cantonese maan6), in Japanese Unicode|万/萬 [man] , in Korean Unicode|万/만/萬 [man] , and in Thai หมื่น [meun] . It is often used to mean an indefinite very large number. [ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/myriad (Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary)]

The Greek root was used in the earlier versions of the metric system in the form myria-.

The number can be written 10,000 (UK and USA), 10 000 (transition metric), or 10•000 (with the dot raised to the middle of the zeroes; metric).

In mathematics

* In scientific notation, it is written as 104.
* It is also written as 1 E+4 (or as 1 E4)
* It is the square of 100
* It is the square root of 100 000 000
* A myriagon is a polygon with 10,000 sides.
* 10 km, 10,000 m, or 1 E+4 m is equal to:
** 6.2 miles
** side of square with area 100 km²
** radius of circle with area 314.159 km²
* The classical Greeks used letters of the Greek alphabet to represent Greek numerals: they used a capital letter mu (Μ) to represent 10000, whose name in Greek is myriad.
* 1040000 = 1000010000 The value of a myriad to the power of itself, written (by the system of Apollonius of Perga) as a little "M" directly above a larger "M".

In science

* In anatomy, each neuron in the human brain is estimated to connect to 10,000 others.
* In astronomy,
** asteroid Number: 10000 Myriostos, Provisional Designation: mp|1951 SY|, Discovery Date: September 30, 1951 by A. G. Wilson :List of asteroids (9001-10000)
* In climate, Summary of 10,000 Years is one of several pages of the Climate Timeline Tool: Exploring Weather & Climate Change Through the Powers of 10 sponsored by the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. [ [http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/ctl/index.html Climate Timeline Information Tool ] ]
* In computers, NASA to build 10,000-processor Linux computer (it is actually a 10,240-processor) [http://www.infoworld.com/article/04/07/28/HNnasalinux_1.html news] [ [http://www.nas.nasa.gov/About/Projects/Columbia/columbia.html NASA Project: Columbia] ]
* In geography,
** Land of 10,000 Lakes is the nickname for the state of Minnesota.
** Land of 10,000 Trails or 10000trails.com was originally created in 1999 by the TN/KY Lakes Area Coalition. This organization is made up of individuals in West Tennessee and West Kentucky, who have an interest in seeing tourism grow by developing trails throughout their region. [http://www.10000trails.com/]

** Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge is situated in the lower end of the Fakahatchee and Picayune Strands of Big Cypress Swamp and west of Everglades National Park in Florida. [http://southeast.fws.gov/TenThousandIsland/]
** Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes in Alaska
** There is no ZIP Code 10000 in the USA, however ZIP Code 10001 to 10292 is New York City
* In geology, a list of Largest Volcanic Eruptions in the Last 10,000 Years [http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/vw_hyperexchange/vei_larger_5.html]
* In physics,
** Myria is an obsolete prefix that denoted a factor of 10+4, ten thousand, or 10,000.
** Myrio is an obsolete prefix that denoted a factor of 10−4 or one ten-thousandth).
** 10,000 hertz, 10 kilohertz", or "10 kHz of the radio frequency spectrum falls in the very low frequency or VLF band and has a wavelength of 30 kilometres.
** In orders of magnitude (speed), the speed of a fast neutron is 10,000 km/s
** In orders of magnitude (volume), the volume of 10,000 cubic kilometres or 10,000 km³ equals 1 × 1013 m³. Lake Superior contains 12,232 cubic kilometres (km³) or 2,935 cubic miles of water.
* In scientific units,
** 10,000 square metres is one hectare
* In zoology, there are approximately 10,000 species of birds.

In time

* 10,000 BC, 10,000 BCE, or 10th millennium BC
* 10,000-year clock or the Clock of the Long Now is a mechanical clock designed to keep time for 10,000 years.

In other fields

* In art,
** "Xenophon, on his Retreat with the Ten Thousand, first seeing the Sea", painting by Benjamin Haydon
* In computer software,
** the "Year 10,000 problem" is the collective name for all potential software bugs that will emerge as the need to express years with five digits arises.
* In currency,
** the new 10,000 Iraqi dinar banknote has Abu Ali Hasan Ibn al-Haitham (known as Alhazen to medieval scholars in the West) on the front and Hadba Minaret on the back. [http://www.iraqi-dinar.com/dinar-currency.php] The old bill had a picture of Saddam Hussein and Samarra: Spiral Minaret- Al-Mawiya [http://www.iraqsales.com/10%2C000.htm]
** the Japanese 10,000 yen banknote has a portrait of Fukuzawa Yukichi
** the U.S. Ten Thousand Dollar Note has a picture of Salmon P. Chase.
* In films,
** "10,000 B.C." (2008) [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0443649/ Overview] from IMDb
** "10,000 Black Men Named George" (2002) (TV) [http://imdb.com/title/tt0280377/ Overview] from IMDb
** "The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues" (1956) [http://imdb.com/title/tt0049615/ Overview] from IMDb
** "Vietnam: The Ten Thousand Day War" (1980) (mini) [http://amazon.imdb.com/title/tt0174323/ Overview] from IMDb
* In finance, on March 29, 1999 the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 10,006.78 which was the first time the index closed above the 10,000 mark.
* In futurology, Stewart Brand in "Visions of the Future: The 10,000-Year Library" proposes a museum built around a 10,000 year clock as an idea for assuring that vital information survives future crashes of civilizations. [http://www.kurzweilai.net/meme/frame.html?main=/articles/art0158.html]
* In games,
** each of the nine Mahjong character suit tiles (1 to 9) represents ten thousand (wan) coins, or one hundred strings of one hundred coins.
** "Ten Thousand Year Ko" is a one of the rules of ko in the board game of Go [http://senseis.xmp.net/?TenThousandYearKo]
** "Ten Thousand" is one name of a dice game that is also called farkle.
* In game shows, "The \$10,000 Pyramid" ran on television from 1973 to 1974
* In history,
** "Army of 10,000" Sixty Day Troops, 1862–1863. American Civil War [http://www.mississippiscv.org/MS_Units/army_of_10k.htm]
** The "Army of the Ten Thousand" were a group of Ancient Greek mercenaries who marched against the Persian Shah Artaxerxes II
** The Goddess can appear as the "Lady of the Ten Thousand Names", as did Isis who was called "Isis of Ten Thousand Names"
** the Persian Immortals were also called the "Ten Thousand" or "10,000 Immortals", so named because their number of 10,000 was immediately re-established after every loss.
** "The 10,000 Day War: Vietnam" by Michael MacLear ISBN 0-312-79094-5 also alternate titles "The ten thousand day war : Vietnam, 1945–1975" (10,000 days is 27.4 years)
** "Tomb of Ten Thousand Soldiers" – defeat of the Tang Dynasty army of China in the Nanzhao kingdom in 751
* In language,
** the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean phrase "live for ten thousand years" was used to bless emperors in East Asia.
** the words in the Interlingua-English Dictionary are all drawn from 10000 roots.
** Μύριοι is an Ancient Greek name for 10.000 taken into the modern European languages as 'myriad' (see above). Hebrew, Chinese, Japanese and Korean have words with the same meaning.
* In literature,
** Man'yōshū (万葉集 "Man'yōshū", "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves") is the oldest existing, and most highly revered, collection of Japanese poetry
** "Ten Thousand a Year" 1839 by Samuel Warren
** "Ten Thousand a Year" 1883?. A Drama, in three acts. Adapted from the celebrated novel of the same name, by the author of the "Diary of a Physician", and arranged for the stage, by Richard Brinsley Peake [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/b/bib/bibperm?q1=eprosed-P3.0504]
** "The Ten Thousand: A Novel of Ancient Greece" by Michael Curtis Ford. 2001. ISBN 0-312-26946-3 Historic fiction.
** "The World of the Ten Thousand Things: Poems 1980-1990" by Charles Wright ISBN 0-374-29293-0 ISBN 0-374-52326-6
** "Ten Thousand Lovers" by Edeet Ravel ISBN 0-06-056562-4
* In music,
** "10,000 Days" is the title of the fourth studio album by Tool [http://www.toolband.com/]
** "Ten Thousand Fists" is an album by Disturbed. [http://www.disturbed1.com/]
** "10 000 Hz Legend" album by Air 2001
** "10,000 Maniacs" is a US rock band.
** "10,000 Men" is a song by Bob Dylan [http://www.bobdylan.com/songs/10000.html]
** "Ten Thousand Men of Harvard" is a fight song of Harvard University
** "10,000 promises" is a song by the Backstreet Boys [http://backstreet-boys.lyrics-songs.com/lyrics/2789/]
** "10,000 Promises." is a Japanese popular music group
** "Ten Thousand Strong" is a song by American Power metal band, Iced Earth.
* In philosophy, Lao Zi writes about "ten thousand things" in the Tao Te Ching In Zen Buddhism, the "10,000 Things" is a term meaning all of phenomenal reality. [http://www.thebigview.com/tao-te-ching/chapter34.html]
* In psychology, "Ten Thousand Dreams Interpreted", or what's in a dream: a scientific and practical, by Miller, Gustavus Hindman (1857–1929). Project Gutenberg [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/926 : Ten Thousand Dreams Interpreted]
* In religion,
** the Bible,
*** has 52 references to ten thousand in the King James Version. [http://bible.gospelcom.net/keyword/?search=ten%20thousand&version1=9&searchtype=phrase&wholewordsonly=yes ] , [http://bible.gospelcom.net/keyword/?search=ten%20thousands&version1=9&searchtype=phrase]
*** Revelation 5:11 "And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;" [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/revelation-kjv.html (KJV)] [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/revelation.html The Apocalypse of John]
** hymn, "Ten thousand times ten thousand" [http://www.cyberhymnal.org/htm/t/e/tenttent.htm]
** "The Ten thousand martyrs" from [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09746a.htm The Catholic Encyclopedia]
* In sports,
** In athletics, "10,000 metres", "10 kilometres", "10 km", or "10K" (6.2 miles) is the final standard track event in a long-distance track event and a distance in other racing events such as running, cycling and skiing.
** In bicycle racing, annual "Tour of 10,000 Lakes Stage Race" in Minneapolis, Minnesota [http://www.tourof10000lakes.net]
** In baseball, on July 15, 2007 the Philadelphia Phillies became the first team in professional sports' history to lose 10,000 games.

Selected 5-digit numbers (10001 – 19999)

* 10033 - a character from the fictional Vlog series Lonelygirl15
* 10201 - palindromic square (in the decimal system)
* 10206 - pentagonal pyramidal number
* 10223 - one of six remaining Seventeen or Bust numbers in the Sierpinski problem
* 10239 - Woodall number
* 10267 - cuban prime
* 10301 - palindromic prime (in the decimal system)
* 10333 - star prime
* 10416 - square pyramidal number
* 10425 - octahedral number
* 10430 - weird number
* 10501 - palindromic prime
* 10570 - weird number
* 10585 - Carmichael number
* 10601 - palindromic prime
* 10609 - tribonacci number
* 10646 - ISO 10646 is the standard for Unicode
* 10660 - tetrahedral number
* 10671 - tetranacci number
* 10744 - amicable number with 10856
* 10752 - the second 16-bit word of a TIFF file if the byte order marker is misunderstood
* 10792 - weird number
* 10800 - number of bricks used for the "uttaravedi" in the Agnicayana ritual
* 10837 - star prime
* 10856 - amicable number with 10744
* 10905 - Wedderburn-Etherington number
* 10946 - Fibonacci number, Markov number
* 10989 - reverses when multiplied by 9
* 10990 - weird number
* 11025 - sum of the cubes of the first 14 positive integers
* 11311 - palindromic prime
* 11368 - pentagonal pyramidal number
* 11410 - weird number
* 11411 - palindromic prime
* 11440 - square pyramidal number
* 11480 - tetrahedral number
* 11605 - smallest integer to start a run of five consecutive integers with the same number of divisors
* 11690 - weird number
* 11719 - cuban prime
* 11726 - octahedral number
* 12097 - cuban prime
* 12110 - weird number
* 12198 - semi-meandric number
* 12285 - amicable number with 14595
* 12287 - Thabit number
* 12321 - palindromic square
* 12341 - tetrahedral number
* 12421 - palindromic prime
* 12529 - square pyramidal number
* 12530 - weird number
* 12670 - weird number
* 12721 - palindromic prime
* 12726 - Ruth-Aaron number
* 12758 - largest number that cannot be expressed as the sum of distinct cubes
* 12765 - Finnish internet mem; the code accompanying no-prize caps in a Coca-Cola bottle top prize contest. Often spelled out "yksi" - "kaksi" - "seitsemän" - "kuusi" - "viisi", "ei voittoa", "one - two - seven - six - five, no prize").
* 12821 - palindromic prime
* 13244 - tetrahedral number
* 13267 - cuban prime
* 13131 - octahedral number
* 13331 - palindromic prime
* 13370 - weird number
* 13510 - weird number
* 13669 - cuban prime
* 13685 - square pyramidal number
* 13790 - weird number
* 13820 - meandric number, open meandric number
* 13831 - palindromic prime
* 13860 - Pell number
* 13930 - weird number
* 13931 - palindromic prime
* 13950 - pentagonal pyramidal number
* 14190 - tetrahedral number
* 14200 - number of n-Queens Problem solutions for n = 12,
* 14341 - palindromic prime
* 14400 - sum of the cubes of the first 15 positive integers
* 14641 - palindromic square
* 14644 - octahedral number
* 14701 - Markov number
* 14741 - palindromic prime
* 14770 - weird number
* 14595 - amicable number with 12285
* 14910 - square pyramidal number
* 14976 - chiliagonal number
* 15180 - tetrahedral number
* 15376 - pentagonal pyramidal number
* 15387 - Zeisel number
* 15451 - palindromic prime
* 15511 - Motzkin number
* 15551 - palindromic prime
* 15610 - weird number
* 15625 - $5^6$
* 15841 - Carmichael number
* 15890 - weird number
* 16030 - weird number
* 16061 - palindromic prime
* 16091 - strobogrammatic prime
* 16127 - Carol number
* 16206 - square pyramidal number
* 16269 - octahedral number
* 16310 - weird number
* 16361 - palindromic prime
* 16384 - $2^\left\{14\right\}$
* 16447 - Friedman number
* 16843 - Wolstenholme prime
* 16561 - palindromic prime
* 16580 - Leyland number
* 16639 - Kynea number
* 16651 - cuban prime
* 16661 - palindromic prime
* 16730 - weird number
* 16796 - Catalan number
* 16807 - $7^5$
* 16870 - weird number
* 16896 - pentagonal pyramidal number
* 17163 - the largest number that is not the sum of the squares of distinct primes
* 17272 - weird number
* 17296 - amicable number with 18416
* 17344 - Kaprekar number
* 17471 - palindromic prime
* 17570 - weird number
* 17575 - square pyramidal number
* 17711 - Fibonacci number
* 17971 - palindromic prime
* 17990 - weird number
* 18010 - octahedral number
* 18181 - palindromic prime, strobogrammatic prime
* 18410 - weird number
* 18416 - amicable number with 17296
* 18481 - palindromic prime
* 18496 - sum of the cubes of the first 16 positive integers
* 18600 - harmonic divisor number
* 18620 - harmonic divisor number
* 18785 - Leyland number
* 18830 - weird number
* 18970 - weird number
* 19019 - square pyramidal number
* 19249 - one of nine remaining Seventeen or Bust numbers in the Sierpinski problem
* 19390 - weird number
* 19391 - palindromic prime
* 19441 - cuban prime
* 19455 - smallest integer that can't be expressed as a sum of fewer than 548 ninth powers
* 19513 - tribonacci number
* 19600 - $140^2$, tetrahedral number
* 19609 - first prime followed by a prime gap of over fifty
* 19670 - weird number
* 19683 - $3^9$
* 19871 - octahedral number
* 19891 - palindromic prime
* 19927 - cuban prime
* 19991 - palindromic prime

References

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

### Look at other dictionaries:

• 10000 — can refer to:*10000 (number) (and any usage of that number) *The year 10,000 in the 10th millennium *Ten Thousand (Greek), a group of mercenary units *10,000 BC (film), a film *10,000 Maniacs, a rock band from the 1980s *10,000 Days, an album… …   Wikipedia

• 10000 Myriostos — Orbit of 10000 Myriostos (blue), planets (red) and the Sun (black). The outermost planet visible is Jupiter. Discovery and designation Discovered by A.G. Wilson …   Wikipedia

• Number Forms — are Unicode characters which have specific meaning as numbers, but are constructed from other characters. They consist primarily of vulgar fractions and roman numerals. They are placed in the Unicode codepoint range 0x2150 through 0x218F… …   Wikipedia

• 10000 Maniacs — 10,000 Maniacs ist eine US amerikanische Rockband, die seit ihrer Gründung 1981 mit verschiedenen Besetzungen aktiv ist. Das bekannteste Mitglied war Natalie Merchant, die die Band 1993 verließ, um eine Solo Karriere zu verfolgen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

• 10000 — noun the cardinal number that is the product of ten and one thousand • Syn: ↑ten thousand, ↑myriad • Hypernyms: ↑large integer …   Useful english dictionary

• 65536 (number) — Number number= 65536 range = 10000 100000 cardinal = sixty five thousand five hundred thirty six ordinal = th numeral = factorization = 2^{16} prime = divisor = 17 roman = unicode = greek prefix = latin prefix = bin = 10000000000000000 oct = duo …   Wikipedia

• 9999 (number) — Number number = 9999 range = 1000 10000 cardinal = Nine thousand nine hundred ninety nine ordinal = th ordinal text = numeral = factorization = 32 · 11 · 101 prime = divisor = roman = Moverline|XCMXCIX or overline|IXCMXCIX unicode = greek prefix …   Wikipedia

• 20000 (number) — Number number = 20000 range = 10000 100000 cardinal = 20000 ordinal = th ordinal text = twenty thousandth factorization = 2^5 cdot 5^4 bin = 100111000100000 oct = 47040 hex = 4E2020,000 (twenty thousand) is the number that comes after 19,999 and… …   Wikipedia

• 30000 (number) — Number number = 30000 range = 10000 100000 cardinal = 30000 ordinal = th ordinal text = thirty thousandth factorization = 2^4 cdot 3 cdot 5^4 bin = 111010100110000 oct = 72460 hex = 753030,000 (thirty thousand) is the number that comes after… …   Wikipedia

• 40000 (number) — Number number = 40000 range = 10000 100000 cardinal = 40000 ordinal = th ordinal text = thirty thousandth factorization = 2^6 cdot 5^4 bin = 1001110001000000 oct = 116100 hex = 9C4040,000 (forty thousand) is the number that comes after 39,999 and …   Wikipedia