Mureş River


Mureş River

Geobox|River
name =Mureş
native_name =Maros
other_name =
other_name1 =



image_size = 250
image_caption = Mureş River
country_type = Countries
state_type =
region_type =
district_type = Counties
city_type = Cities
country = Romania, Hungary
country1 =
state =
state1 =
region =
region1 =
district = Romania: Harghita, Mureş, Alba,
Hunedoara, Arad
Hungary: Csongrád
district1 =
city = Târgu Mureş, Alba Iulia, Deva,
Arad, Szeged
city1 =
length = 761
watershed =
discharge_location =
discharge =
discharge_max =
discharge_min =
discharge1_location =
discharge1 =
source_name =
source_location = Carpathian Mountains
Izvorul Mureşului
source_district = Harghita
source_region =
source_state =
source_country = Romania
source_lat_d =
source_lat_m =
source_lat_s =
source_lat_NS =
source_long_d =
source_long_m =
source_long_s =
source_long_EW =
source_elevation = 850
source_length =
mouth_name = Tisza River
mouth_location = Szeged
mouth_district = Csongrád County
mouth_region =
mouth_state =
mouth_country = Hungary
mouth_lat_d = 46
mouth_lat_m = 15
mouth_lat_s = 7
mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 20
mouth_long_m = 11
mouth_long_s = 36
mouth_long_EW = E
mouth_elevation =
tributary_left = Niraj, Târnava, Sebeş, Strei
tributary_left1 =
tributary_right = Arieş
tributary_right1 =
free =
free_type = Official River Code


map_size =
map_caption =

The Mureş (Romanian) ( _hu. Maros, Latin: "Marisus", Croatian: "Moriš", German: "Mieresch, Marosch or Muresch", Serbian: "Мориш, Муреш") is an approximately 725 km (450 mi) long river in Eastern Europe. It originates in the Giurgeu (Gyergyó) Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, and joins the Tisza river at Szeged in southeastern Hungary.

The Mureş River flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Mureş, Alba, Hunedoara and Arad, and the Hungarian county Csongrád. The largest cities on the Mureş/Maros are Târgu Mureş and Arad in Romania and Szeged in Hungary.

The Mureş was known as the river Marisus in antiquity. It was also known in German as the Mieresch and Marosch owing to Transylvanian Saxon settlements and one-time Austrian Habsburg rule. Salt used to be traded in medieval times on the river on large rafts.

The Hungarian reaches of the Maros are 50 km long (21 km as the state border). Some 28.5 km² on the northern side of the river are protected as part of the Körös-Maros National Park. The Maros Floodplain Protected Area is comprised of gallery forests, floodplain meadows and 0.6 km² of forest reserve near Szeged.

Towns and villages

The following towns are situated along the river Mureş, from source to mouth: Topliţa, Reghin, Târgu Mureş, Luduş, Ocna Mureş, Aiud, Teiuş, Alba Iulia, Geoagiu, Orăştie, Simeria, Deva, Lipova, Arad, Nădlac (all in Romania), Makó, Szeged (both in Hungary).

The following villages are situated along the river Mureş (incomplete list): Izvoru Mureşului, Voşlăbeni, Suseni, Ciumani, Joseni, Remetea, Subcetate, Hodoşa, Sărmaş, Platoneşti, Runc, Gălăuţaş, Călimănel, Vâgani, Ciotobani, Stânceni, Meştera, Neagra, Lunca Bradului, Sălard, Andreneasa, Răstoliţa, Iod, Borzia, Gălăoaia, Bistra Mureşului, Deda, Filea, Ruşii-Munţi.

Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Mureş:

Left: Pietrosu, Cărbunele Negru, Senetea, Fierăstrăul, Pârâul lui Mihai, Şumuleul Mare, Borzont, Bacta, Limbuş, Pârâul Pietrei, Sineu, Martonca, Gălăuţaş, Găina, Zăpodea, Măgheruş, Păpurel, Mărsinetul de Sus, Mărsinetul de Jos, Gudea, Jincu, Doamna, Iadul, Sălard, Peşcoasa Mare, Iadul, Borzia, Mergiş, Toaderiş, Sebeş, Idicel, Deleni, Gurghiu, Beica, Habic, Petrilaca, Terebici, Cotuş, Pocloş, Niraj, Cerghid, Sărata, Şeulia, Aţântiş, Fărău, Ciunga, Valea Papii, Şesul Băgăului, Valea la Şipot, Valea Dosului, Hopârta, Săcăduş, Bogdanul, Târnava, Hăpria, Sebeş, Pianu, Cioara, Cugir, Vaidei, Romoş, Orăştie, Turdaş, Strei, Tâmpa, Cerna Herepeia, Veţel, Vulcez, Leşnic, Săcămaş, Plaiu, Dobra, Abucea, Ohaba, Sălciva, Pojoga, Valea Ghinişului, Peştiş, Căprioara, Somoniţa, Izvor, Corbu, Suliniş, Pârâul Mare, Şiştarovăţ, Sinicuţ, Zădărlac

Right: Mezeş, Otveş, Boteni, Voşlăbeni, Chindeni, Chirtaegher, Valea Strâmba, Şaroş, Belcina, Lăzarea, Ditrău, Faier, Jolotca, Filipea, Sărmaş, Ciucic, Doamna, Topliţa, Călimănel, Duşa, Mermezeu, Zebracu, Tarniţa, Jingu, Neagra, Ilva, Fântânele, Sărăcin, Răstoliţa, Jişa, Gălăoaia, Bistra, Gesele, Valea Sterinoasă, Râpa, Văleni, Săcal, Luţ, Şar, Iceni, Budiu, Cuieşd, Valea Fânaţelor, Şăuşa, Oroiu, Lechinţa, Pârâul de Câmpie, Arieş, Grindu, Unirea, Ciugud, Ormeniş, Mirăslău, Lopadea, Aiud, Herja, Gârbova, Valea Sasului, Geoagiu, Galda, Ampoi, Pârâul cel Mare, Pâclişa, Stăuini, Vinţ, Valea Goblii, Blandiana, Acmariu, Feneş Băcăinţi, Homorod, Geoagiu, Boiu, Bobâlna, Valea lui Sânpătru, Lazu, Vărmaga, Certej, Boholt, Căian, Bejan, Boz, Sârbi, Băcişoara, Gurasada, Zam, Almaş, Corbeasca, Troaş, Vineşti, Stejar, Juliţa, Grosul, Monoroştia, Bârna, Bârzava, Nadăş, Conop, Cornic, Odvoş, Milova, Jecnova, Şoimoş, Radna, Cladova

References

* Administraţia Naţională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - Bucureşti
* Institutul de Meteorologie şi Hidrologie - Rîurile României - Bucureşti 1971
* Trasee turistice - judeţul Mureş [http://www.e-calauza.ro/index.php?afiseaza=trasee-turistice-mures]


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