1994 in poetry

1994 in poetry

in?=in poetry
in2?=in literature
cp=19th century
c=20th century
cf=21st century



* Allen Ginsberg sells his papers to Stanford University for $1 million.
* C.P. Cavafy's poem "Ithaka" is read at the funeral of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis by her longtime companion, Maurice Tempelsman.
* October 31 (Halloween) — 15,000 copies of Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven" are distributed free at public libraries. In Austin, Texas, someone from the local coroner's office and someone from a local tax department gave a "death and taxes" reading of the poem.
* Wyn Cooper's "All I Wanna Do" is put to music by Sheryl Crow who makes it the nation's No. 1 hit rock tune.
*Tony Curtis becomes Professor of Poetry at the University of Glamorgan.

Poets depicted in the movies

* Dorothy Parker's poems are featured in "Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle"
* In the film "Four Weddings and a Funeral", directed by Mike Newell, W. H. Auden's "Stop all the clocks" is read as a eulogy. " [I] t so moved audiences that Random House published a slender paperback with "Funeral Blues" plus nine other Auden poems in a hot-selling edition of forty thousand copies."Lehman, David, "Forward", "The Best American Poetry 1995"]
* Pablo Neruda's 1952 stay in a villa owned by Italian historian Edwin Cerio on the island of Capri is depicted in a fictionalized version this year the popular film "Il Postino" ("The Postman"). Neruda is treated worshipfully in the film.

Works published in English


* Robert Adamson "Waving to Hart Crane"
* Jennifer Harrison: "Michelangelo’s Prisoners" (Black Pepper)
* Les Murray:
** "Collected Poems", Port Melbourne, William Heinemann Australia [http://www.poetryarchive.org/poetryarchive/singlePoet.do?poetId=216] Les Murray Web page at The Poetry Archive Web site, accessed October 15, 2007]
** "Translations from the Natural World"
* David Rowthbaum, "New and Selected Poems (1945-93)"


* Christian Bök, "Crystallography" ISBN 978-1-55245-119-9 (Canada)
* Roo Borson, "Night Walk", ISBN 0-19-541082-3 (nominated for a Governor General's Award) American-Canadian
* George Elliott Clarke, "Lush Dreams, Blue Exile: Fugitive Poems 1978–1993". Lawrencetown Beach, Nova Scotia: Pottersfield, ISBN 0-919001-83-1 Canada
* Don Domanski, "Stations of the Left Hand" (nominated for a Governor General's Award)
* Cherie Geauvreau, "Even the Fawn Has Wings", a first collection
* Gary Geddes, "Girl by the Water"
* Ralph Gustafson, "Tracks in the Snow"
* Evelyn Lau, "In the House of Slaves"
* Tim Lilburn, "Moosewood Sandhills", winner of the Canadian Authors Association Award for Poetry, Canada
* Susan Musgrave, "Forcing the Narcissus"
* P. K. Page, "Hologram: A Book of Glosas"
* John Pass, "Radical Innocence" (ISBN 1-55017-107-0) Canadian
* Al Purdy, "Naked with Summer in Your Mouth"
* Linda Rogers, "Hard Candy", including "Wrinkled Coloratura", winner of the new Stephen Leacock Award
* Joe Rosenblatt, "Beds and Consenting Dreamers"
* Stephen Scobie, "Gospel"
* Francis Sparshott, "The Hanging Gardens of Etobicoke"
* George Woodcock, "George Woodcock's Introduction to Canadian Poetry", Toronto: ECW Press [ [http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/anarchist_Archives/bright/woodcock/woodbiblio.html Web page titled "The Works of George Woodcock"] at the Anarchy Archives website, which states: "This list is based on The Record of George Woodcock (issued for his eightieth birthday) and Ivan Avakumovic's bibliography in A Political Art: Essays and Images in Honour of George Woodcock, edited by W.H. New, 1978, with additions to bring it up to date"; accessed April 24, 2008]

New Zealand

* Fleur Adcock (New Zealand poet who moved to England in 1963) translator, "Hugh Primas and the Archpoet", Cambridge, England, and New York: Cambridge University Press [http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/subjects/nzp/nzlit2/adcock.htm Web page titled "Fleur Adcock: New Zealand Literature File"] at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 26, 2008]
* Lauris Edmond, "Selected Poems, 1975-1994", Wellington: Bridget Williams BooksRobinson, Roger and Wattie, Nelson, "The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature", 1998, "Lauris Edmond" article]
* Michele Leggott, "DIA", Auckland: Auckland University Press; winner of the New Zealand Book Award for Poetry
* Hone Tuwhare, "Deep River Talk", 140 poems from 10 previous collections

=United Kingdom=

* Fleur Adcock (New Zealand poet who moved to England in 1963) translator, "Hugh Primas and the Archpoet", Cambridge, England, and New York: Cambridge University Press [http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/subjects/nzp/nzlit2/adcock.htm Web page titled "Fleur Adcock: New Zealand Literature File"] at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 26, 2008]
* William Cookson, editor, "Agenda – An Anthology 1959-1993", Carcanet Press, ISBN 978-1857540697
* James Fenton, "Out of Danger", Penguin; Farrar Straus Giroux; winner of the Whitbread Prize for Poetry [http://www.jamesfenton.com/books/] Web page titled "Books by Fenton" at the James Fenton Web site, accessed October 11, 2007]
* Elaine Feinstein, "Selected Poems", Carcanet
* Hugo Williams, "Dock Leaves," Faber and Faber

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United Kingdom

* John Heath-Stubbs, "Hindsights : An Autobiography"

United States

* Kim Addonizio, "The Philosopher's Club" (BOA Editions)
* A.R. Ammons, "The North Carolina Poems"
* John Ashbery, "And the Stars Were Shining"
* Ted Berrigan, "Selected Poems"
* Sophie Cabot Black, "The Misunderstanding of Nature", (Graywolf Press) received the Poetry Society of America Norma Farber First Book Award, ISBN 1-55597-190-3
* Rosellen Brown, "Cora Fry's Pillow Book"
* Russell Edson, "The Tunnel: Selected Poems of Russell Edson"
* Ian Hamilton editor, "The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry in English", New York: Oxford University PressEverett, Nicholas, [http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/creeley/life.htm "Robert Creeley's Life and Career"] at the "Modern American Poetry" website, accessed May 1, 2008]
* Jane Hirshfield, "The October Palace"
* Edward Hirsch, "Earthly Measures"
* John Hollander, "Animal Poems"
* Andrew Hudgins, "The Glass Hammer"
* Galway Kinnell, "Imperfect Thirst" (Houghton Mifflin)
* Kenneth Koch:
** "On the Great Atlantic Rainway: Selected Poems, 1950-1988", New York: KnopfWeb page titled [http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=3809 "Archives / Kenneth Koch (1925 - 2002)"] at Poetry Foundation website, accessed May 15, 2008]
** "One Train: Poems", New York: Knopf
* James McMichael, "Each in a Place Apart"
* Robert Pinsky, translation of Dante's "Inferno"
* Mary Jo Salter, "Sunday Skaters"
* Patti Smith, "Early Work"
* Rosmarie Waldrop, "A Key Into the Language of America" (New Directions)

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United States

* Louise Glück, "Proofs & Theories", with pieces on George Oppen, John Berryman, Robinson Jeffers, and Stanley Kunitz
* Janet Malcolm, "The Silent Woman", a study of Sylvia Plath
* Mary Oliver, "A Poetry Handbook"

Anthologies in the United States

* Douglas Messerli, editor, "", including American and Canadian poets; Sun and Moon Press (Messerli's own imprint) ISBN 978-1-55713-131-7
* Carolyn Forché, "Against Forgetting: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Witness"
* Jane Hirshfield, editor, "Women in Praise of the Sacred: Forty-Three Centuries of Spiritual Poetry by Women"
* Paul Hoover, editor, "Postmodern American Poetry" (Norton) The introduction identifies the use of postmodern with its early mention by Charles Olson, and identifies the field chosen as experimental poetry from after 1945; about 20 short essays on poetics also included
* E. Ethelbert Miller, "In Search of Color Everywhere", including almost 150 African-American poets

Poets in "The Best American Poetry 1994" anthology

Poems from these 75 poets were in "The Best American Poetry 1994" edited by David Lehman, guest editor A.R. Ammons:
*Dick Allen
*Tom Andrews
*John Ashbery
*Burlin Barr
*Cynthia Bond
*Catherine Bowman
*George Bradley
*Charles Bukowski
*Rebecca Byrkit
*Amy Clampitt
*Michelle T. Clinton
*James Cummins
*Ramola Dharmaraj
*Thomas M. Disch
*Mark Doty
*Denise Duhamel
*Tony Esolen
*Richard Foerster
*Alice Fulton
*Allison Funk
*Jorie Graham
*Debora Greger
*Donald Hall
*Forrest Hamer
*Lyn Hejinian
*Roald Hoffmann
*John Hollander
*Janet Holmes
*Paul Hoover
*Richard Howard
*Phyllis Janowitz
*Mark Jarman
*Alice Jones
*Rodney Jones
*Brigit Pegeen Kelly
*Caroline Knox
*Kenneth Koch
*Dionisio D. Martínez
*J. D. McClatchy
*Jeffrey McDaniel
*James McManus
*James Merrill
*W. S. Merwin
*Stephen Paul Miller
*Jenny Mueller
*Harryette Mullen
*Brighde Mullins
*Fred Muratori
*Sharon Olds
*Maureen Owen
*Kathleen Peirce
*Carl Phillips
*Lloyd Schwartz
*Frederick Seidel
*Alan Shapiro
*Angela Shaw
*Charles Simic
*W. D. Snodgrass
*Elizabeth Spires
*A. E. Stallings
*Mark Strand
*Sharan Strange
*May Swenson
*Janet Sylvester
*James Tate
*Patricia Traxler
*William Wadsworth
*Kevin Walker
*Rosanne Wasserman
*Bruce Weigl
*Joshua Weiner
*Henry Weinfield
*Michael White
*Richard Wilbur
*Dean Young

Other in English

* Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin: "The Brazen Serpent", Oldcastle: The Gallery Press, Ireland [http://ireland.poetryinternationalweb.org/piw_cms/cms/cms_module/index.php?obj_id=11162&x=1 Web page titled "Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin"] at Poetry International website, accessed May 3, 2008]

Works published in other languages


* Ole Wivel, "Iris"
* Benny Andersen, "Denne kommen og gåen"
* Lundbye, "Lundbyes dyrefabler"
* Pia Tafdrup, "Territorialsang"


* Bernlef, "Vreemde wil"
* Toon Tellegen, "Tijger onder de slakken"
* Leonard Nolens, "Honing en As"

French language


* Robert Mélançon, "L'Avant-printemps à Montréal"


* Edouard Glissant, " _fr. Poèmes complets"


* Grünbein, "Falten und Fallen"
* Jürgen Kolbe, a book of poetry
* Robert Gernhardt, a book of poetry

Criticism, scholarship, and biography in Germany

* Erich Mühsam, "Tagebücher, 1910-1924" (posthumous)


* Haim Gouri, "Ha-Ba Aharai" ("Poems"), Israel [ [http://www.ithl.org.il/author_info.asp?id=101] Web page titled "Haim Gouri" at the Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature Web site, accessed October 6, 2007]

panish language


* Matilde Camus, "Ronda de azules" ("Blue avenue")

=Latin America=

* José Emilio Pacheco, "El silencio de la luna", Mexico
* Francisco Hernández, "El infierno es un decir", Mexico
* Octavio Paz. "Obras completas", Mexico


* Katarina Frostenson, "Tankarna"
* Ann Jäderlund, "Mörker mörka mörkt kristaller"
* Arne Johnsson, "Faglarnas eldhuvuden"

Criticism, scholarship and biography in Sweden

* Lars Huldén, "Carl Michael Bellman", on the 18th-century poet
* Olof Lagercrantz, "In Jag bor i en annan värld men du bor ju i samma", about the author's friendship with poet Gunnar Ekelöf
* Lars Gustafsson, "Ett minnespalats. Vertikala memoarer.", a memoir
* Ylva Eggehorn, "Kvarteret Radiomottagaren", a memoir of her childhood

Other languages

* Hugo Claus, "Gedichten 1948-1993", Flemish

Awards and honors


* C. J. Dennis Prize for Poetry: Robert Gray, "Certain Things"
* Dinny O'Hearn Poetry Prize: "The Monkey's Mask" by Dorothy Porter
* Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry: Barry Hill, "Ghosting William Buckley"
* Mary Gilmore Prize: Aileen Kelly - "Coming Up for Light"


* Gerald Lampert Award
* Archibald Lampman Award
* See 1994 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
* Pat Lowther Award
* Prix Alain-Grandbois

=United Kingdom=

* Cholmondeley Award: Ruth Fainlight, Gwen Harwood, Elizabeth Jennings, John Mole
* Eric Gregory Award: Julia Copus, Alice Oswald, Steven Blyth, Kate Clanchy, Giles Goodland
* Forward Poetry Prize (United Kingdom, Best Collection): Alan Jenkins, "Harm "(Chatto & Windus)
* Forward Poetry Prize (United Kingdom, Best First Collection): Kwame Dawes, "Progeny of Air" (Peepal Tree)
* T. S. Eliot Prize (United Kingdom and Ireland): Paul Muldoon, "The Annals of Chile"
* Whitbread Award for poetry: James Fenton, "Out of Danger"

United States

* Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize: Jan Beatty, "Mad River"
* Aiken Taylor Award for Modern American Poetry: Wendell Berry
* Bernard F. Connors Prize for Poetry: Stewart James, "Vanessa", and (separately) Marilyn Hacker, "Cancer Winter"
* Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry: A. R. Ammons, "Garbage"
* National Book Award for poetry (United States): James Tate, "A Worshipful Company of Fletchers"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Yusef Komunyakaa, "Neon Vernacular: New and Selected Poems"
* Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize: Donald Hall
* Wallace Stevens Award inaugurated with first award this year: W. S. Merwin
* William Carlos Williams Award: Cyrus Cassells, "The Mud Actor"
* Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: David Ferry

New Zealand

* Montana Book Award for Poetry: Bill Manhire, ed., "100 New Zealand Poems"
* New Zealand Book Award for Poetry: Andrew Johnston, "How to Talk"


* Norway: Brague Prize: Sigmund Mjelve for "Omrade aldri fastlagt"


* March 9 — Charles Bukowski, 73, American poet and novelist, of leukemia
* March 29 — Lynda Hull, 49, American poet, in an automobile accident;
* May 24 — John Wain, 69, English poet, novelist and critic, of a stroke
* September 10 — Amy Clampitt, 74, American poet, of ovarian cancer
* date not known:
** Rolf Jacobsen


ee also

*List of years in poetry
*List of poetry awards

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