The Seven Rays is a metaphysical concept that has appeared in several religions and
esotericphilosophies since at least the sixth century BCE, in both Western culture and in India. In the west, it can be seen in early western mystery traditions such as Gnosticismand the Roman Mithraic Mysteries; and in texts and iconic art of the Catholic Churchas early as the Byzantine era.cite book|title=The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets |author=Barbara G. Walker |publisher=HarperCollins |year= 1983 |pages=p 253 |isbn= 006250925X] cite book|title=Body Symbolism in the Bible |author=Silvia Schroer |coauthors=Thomas Staubli |contributors=Translated by Linda M. Maloney |publisher=Liturgical Press |year= 2001 |pages=92 |isbn= 0814659543 ] In India, the concept has been part of Hindu religious philosophy and scripture since at least the Vishnu Purana, dating from the post-Vedic era.cite book|last = Colebrooke | first = Henry Thomas|title = Essays on the Religion and Philosophy of the Hindus | publisher =Williams and Norgate |date= 1858 | pages = p 79, 83, 119 |quote=Reprinted from 'Asiatic researches' and from the 'Transactions of the Royal Asiatic society.' Original from Harvard University.] cite book|last = Garrett | first = John |title = A Classical Dictionary of India: Illustrative of the Mythology, Philosophy, Literature, Antiquities, Arts, Manners, Customs, &c. of the Hindus | publisher =Higginbotham and Co. |date= 1871 | pages = pp 41, 48, 99, 203, 216, 242, 314, 452, 621, 627, ... |quote=Director of Public Instruction, Mysore, India; Original from Oxford University ] cite book|title=The Secret of the Veda |author=Sri Aurobindo |publisher=Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Dept |year= 1971 |pages=p97, 182 |isbn= 8170585813]
Beginning in the late nineteenth century, the seven rays appeared in a modified and elaborated form in the teachings of
Theosophy, first presented by H. P. BlavatskyThe Theosophical concept of the Seven Rays was further developed in the late 1800s and early 1900s in the writings of C. W. Leadbeater, Alice Bailey, Manly P. Hall, and others; and in the philosophies of organizations such as Temple of the People, ["The Teachings of the Temple" (Halcyon, California: The Temple of the People, 1948) Volume I, Lesson 45, "The Seven Rays of Evolution."] The "I AM" Activity, [Saint Germain Foundation. "The History of the "I AM" Activity and Saint Germain Foundation". Schaumburg, Illinois: Saint Germain Press 2003] The Bridge to Freedom, The Summit Lighthouse, [Lewis, James R. "Church Universal and Triumphant in Scholarly Perspective" Center For Academic Publication 1994.] cite book|title=Religious Cults in America |author=Robert Emmet Long|publisher=H.W. Wilson Publishing |year= 1994 |pages=p79-80|isbn= 0974586617] Share International, [Creme, Benjamin. "The Ageless Wisdom Teaching" Share International Foundation 1996. This book presents an introduction to that great body of wisdom underlying the spiritual teachings of all groups throughout the ages.] The Temple of The Presence(1995), ["White Paper - Wesak World Congress 2002". Acropolis Sophia Books & Works 2003.] and various other organizations.
As the New Age movement of the mid-to-late 20th century developed, the Seven Rays concept appeared as an element of metaphysical healing methods such as
Reikiand other modalities,cite book|title=The Spirit of Reiki|author=Carolyn E. Jackson |publisher=Innate Foundation Publishing |year=2004|pages=p122-128|isbn= 0974586617] cite book|title=The Healing Power of Light: A Comprehensive Guide to the Healing and Transformative Powers of Light|author=Primrose Cooper|publisher=Weiser |year= 2001 |pages=p115-116|isbn= 1578632315] and in esoteric astrology.cite book|title=Esoteric Astrology |author=Alan Leo|publisher=Inner Traditions / Bear & Company |year= 1989 |pages=p21|isbn= 0892811811]
In early mystery traditions of the west and near east
Greek mythology, Zeustakes the bull-form known as Taurus in order to win Europa. Taurus is also associated with Aphroditeand other goddesses, as well as Pan and Dionysus. The face of Taurus "gleams with seven rays of fire". [( Ovid, " Fasti", v.164.]
Gnosticismof the Mediterranean and middle eastern regions, from 6th century BCE in Chaldea(a Hellenisticdesignation for a part of Babylonia), through the Mysteries of Mithrasin Rome, to the second or third centuries CE, the Seven Rays are found in a variety of syncretistic elements of symbolism in these ancient religions. The Chaldean Oracleshave survived as fragmentary texts from the 2nd century AD, and may have been compilations from several sources, combining neo-Platonic elements with others that were Persian or Babylonian in origin. Later neo-Platonists, such as Proclusand Iamblichus, rated them highly. [cite web |url=http://www.thedyinggod.com/chaldeanmagi/sources/chaldean.html |title=The Chaldean Oracles Attributed to Zoroaster |publisher=The Complete Online Library of Ancient Sources |work=The Chaldean Magi]
Harvard historian S F Dunlap, wrote in 1894:
Moses was of the race of the Chaldeans. The Chaldean Mithra had his Seven Rays, and Moses his Seven Days. The other planets which circling around the sun lead the dance as round the King of heaven receive from him with the light also their powers; while as the light comes to them from the sun so from him they receive their powers that he pours out into the Seven Spheres of the Seven Planets of which the sun is the centre.
He wrote that the idea of spirit as the ultimate cause is present in all of the great religions of the East (which in the terminology of his time included the area now known as the Near East or Middle East), and that this idea can be found in "the Seven Rays of the Chaldaean Mithra and the Seven Days of Genesis. From the Sun came fire and spirit. This was the astronomical religion of the Chaldeans, Jews, Persians, Syrians, Phoenicians and Egyptians."cite book|title=The Ghebers of Hebron: An Introduction to the Gheborim in the Lands of the Sethim, the Mithra mysteries &c.|author=Samuel Fales Dunlap | publisher=G Redway & JW Bouton |year= 1894 |pages=Preface, iii-vi |edition=Original from the University of California ]
Dunlap compared the
nimbusof Apolloto the Seven Rays of Dionysus, presiding over the orbits of the seven planets. The Seven Rays are found also in the Chaldean mystery of the "the God of the Seven Rays, who held the Seven Stars in his hand, through whom (as Chaldaeans supposed) the souls were raised",. Prior to the Christian era, this deity was known as Iao(the first birth) or Sabaoth(the Sun), and later described as "Christos of the Resurrection of Souls."cite book|title=The Ghebers of Hebron: An Introduction to the Gheborim in the Lands of the Sethim, the Mithramsyteries &c.|author=Samuel Fales Dunlap |publisher=G. Redway & JW Bouton |year= 1894 |pages=pp275, 363, 369, 372, 649, 644, 675, 757, 856-7, 958 |edition=Original from the University of California ]
Later, in the fourth century CE, Emperor Julian Saturnalia composed a "Hymn to the Solemn Sun", and spoke of "unspeakable mysteries hidden from the crowd such as Julian the Chaldean prophesied concerning the god of the seven rays" In Greek gnostic magic of the same era, colored gemstones were often used as
talismans for medicine or healing; they were often engraved with a symbol borrowed from Egyptian deity Chnuphis: a hooded serpent or great snake. The snake was shown with a lion's head, from which emanated either twelve or seven rays. The twelve represented the zodiacand the seven rays represented the planets, usually with the seven Greek vowels engraved at the tips of the seven rays. The reverse side of the talismans were engraved with a snake twisting around a vertical rod. These were known as "Gnostic amulets", sometimes also engraved with the names "Iao Sabao". cite book|title=A History of Magic and Experimental Science|author=Lynn Thorndike |publisher=Columbia University Press |year= 1958 |pages=pp 317-318, 379 |isbn= 0231087942 ]
In early Christian iconography, the dove of the Holy Ghost is often shown with an emanation of seven rays, as is the image of the Madonna, often in conjunction with a dove or doves. [cite book|title=Divine Domesticity: Augustine of Thagaste to Teresa of Avila |author=Marjorie O'Rourke Boyle |publisher=BRILL |year= 1997 |pages=p 176 |isbn= 9004106758] The Monastery of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai, circa 565 CE shows the
Transfiguration of Christin the apse mosaic, with "seven rays of light shining from the luminous body of Christ over the apostles Peter, James and John". In present day, the Byzantine style St. Louis Cathedral in Missouri, at the center of the sanctuary is engraved a circle with many symbols of the Holy Trinity; inscription reads: "Radiating from this symbol are seven rays of light representing the seven gifts of the Holy Ghost."cite book|title=Essays on Catholic Education in the United States |author=edited by Roy Joseph |publisher=Ayer Publishing |year= 1969 |pages=p 392 |isbn= 0836913477]
During the 12th century,
Saint Norbert of Xantenfounder of the Order of Canons Regular of Prémontré, discovered through a dream, the spot where the relicsof Saint Ursulaand her companions, of Saint Gereon, and of other martyrs lay hidden. In the dream that led him to this spot, he was guided by "the seven rays of light... surrounding the head of the crucified Redeemer"cite book|title=History of the Life and Institute of St. Ignatius de Loyola: Founder of the Society of Jesus |author=Daniello Bartoli |publisher=E. Dunigan |year= 1855 |pages=p 324 | edition=Original from the New York Public Library, 2006|quote=God has sometimes announced beforehand the rise, works, and merits, whether of certain Orders whom He has sent to the assistance of His Church or of their founders. We find examples of this in the dream He made known... ... in the seven rays of light which appeared to St. Norbert, surrounding the head of the crucified Redeemer, and the pilgrims who came to him from the uttermost extremities of the earth;...]
The Annunciation is an oil painting by Early Netherlandish master
Jan van Eyck, from around 1434-1436. The picture depicts the Annunciationby the Archangel Gabrielto the Virgin Marythat she will bear the son of God (Luke 1:26-38). In a prominent element of the complex iconographic work, the Seven gifts of the Holy Spiritdescend to her on seven rays of light from the upper window to the left, with the dove symbolising the Holy Spiritfollowing the same path. [cite web|title=Jan van Eyck, Netherlandish, c. 1390 - 1441, The Annunciation, c. 1434/1436|url=http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg39/gg39-49.0.html |publisher=National Gallery of Art|quote=The Holy Spirit descends to her on seven rays of light. This is the moment God's plan for salvation is set in motion. Through Christ's human incarnation the old era of the Law is transformed into a new era of Grace.] The seven rays on which the doves descend are unique elements in the painting in that they are of the heavenly realm rather than the earthly realm, with the difference shown by the artist through the use of gold leafrather than ordinary oil paint, only for the seven rays, and, while all of the other light sources in the painting cast shadows, the seven rays do not. [Gifford, E. Melanie, The Art Bulletin, March 1999:"Van Eyck's Washington 'Annunciation': technical evidence for iconographic development". Page references are to online version. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0422/is_1_81/ai_54517311/pg_1 online text] ]
secret societyof the late 1600s, Knights of the Apocalypse, was founded with the professed aim to defend the Catholic Church against the expected Antichrist, though it was accused of having political motives as well. They wore on their breasts a star with seven rays. [ [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Knights_Of_The_Apocalypse Knights of the Apocalypse] , 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica] ]
In Hindu scripture
Agniis a Hinduand Vedic deity having three forms: fire, lightning and the sun. In Hindu art, Agni is depicted with two or seven hands, two heads and three legs. In each head, he has seven fiery tongues with which he licks sacrificial butter. He rides a ram or in a chariot harnessed by fiery horses. His attributes are an axe, torch, prayer beads and a flaming spear. Agni is represented as red and two-faced, suggesting both his destructive and beneficent qualities, and with black eyes and hair, three legs and seven arms. He rides a ram, or a chariot. Seven rays of light emanate from his body. [The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning By Eva Rudy Jansen p. 64 ]
Gayatriprayer from the Vedas, the seven rays are described as the emanations of the Sun, identified with the creator of life, "Because the being who shines with seven rays, assuming the forms of time and illumines all... naturally shines with seven rays is called light or the effulgent power; the light of the Generator or Sun - the light is the sun, the sun is the light, they are identical."
Vishnu Purana, a post-vedic scripture, describes how Vishnu"enters into the seven solar rays which dilate into seven suns"; these are the "seven principal solar rays", the source of heat even to the planet Jupiter, and the "seven suns into which the seven solar rays dilate at the consummation of all things...".
Twentieth century Hindu scholar, poet and mystic,
Sri Aurobindo, described the Vedic seven rays of knowledge, or Agni, as "the seven forms of the Thought-principle" and wrote that the "the seven brilliant horses of the sun and their full union constitutes the seven-headed Thought of Ayasya by which the lost sun of Truth is recovered. That thought is again established in the seven rivers, the seven principles of being divine and human, the totality of which founds the perfect spiritual existence."
Gerald Masseywrote in 1881 of what he described as connections between Vedic scripture, ancient Egyptian mythology and the Gospel stories. [Gerald Massey Collection-Upper Norwood Joint Library] He theorized that IAO, the "Seven-rayed Sun-God of the Gnostic-stones" was also the "Serpent Chnubis", and "the Second Beast in the Book of Revalation."cite book|title=The Natural Genesis |author=Gerald Massey |publisher=Black Classic Press |year= 1998 |edition=from original published circa 1881 |pages=p366, 369] In 1900, he elaborated further, describing the unity of "the seven souls of the Pharaoh", the seven arms of the Hindu god Agni, "the seven stars in the hand of the Christ in Revelation", and "the seven rays of the Chaldean god Heptaktis, or Iao, on the Gnostic stones."cite book|title=Gerald Massey's Lectures |author=Gerald Massey |publisher=Kessinger Publishing|year= 1992 |edition=from original published posthumously circa 1900 |pages=p 200]
In the late 1940s, art historian and writer
Ananda Coomaraswamywas curator in the department of Asiatic Art at the Museum of Fine Arts and built the first large collection of Indian art in the United States. His writings in the field of perennial philosophyand the Traditionalist Schoolincluded complex essays collating symbols of ancient wisdom and metaphysics from widely diverse cultures including Indian, Islamic, Chinese, Hellenic, and Christian. He wrote that the seven rays of the sun appear in both Hindu and Christian symbolism, representing similar concepts; and in particular the symbolism of the seventh ray that "corresponds to the distinction of transcendent from immanent and of infinite from finite", and that "our Axis of the Universe (skambha, divo dharuna, etc.), Islamic qutb, and Gnostic ..... The seventh ray alone passes through the Sun to the suprasolar Brahma worlds, "where no sun shines" (all that is under the Sun being in the power of Death, and all beyond immortal')." [cite book|title=The Door in the Sky: Coomaraswamy on Myth and Meaning |author=Ananda K. Coomaraswamy (1877-1947)|contributors=Contributor Rama P. Coomaraswamy |publisher=Princeton University Press |year= 1997 |edition=from originals in the Bollingen Series 1940-1947 |pages=49,191,198|isbn= 0691017476 |quote='Coomaraswamy's essays [give] us a view of his scholarship and brilliant insight'.--Joseph Campbell; 'There are many who consider Coomaraswamy as one of the great seminal minds of this century.... This selection of his papers should go into every library'.--Kathleen Raine, The [London] Times]
Syncretism is one of the core principles of
Theosophy, a religious philosophy originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s, and the seven rays appears repeatedly in the related writings. Theosophy holds that all religions are attempts by the "Spiritual Hierarchy" to help humanity in evolving to greater perfection, and that each religion therefore has a portion of the truth.
Blavatsky wrote in the first book of "
The Secret Doctrine" of an " analogy between the Aryan or Brahmanical and the Egyptian esotericism" and that the "seven rays of the Chaldean Heptakis or Iao, on the Gnostic stones" represent the seven large stars of the Egyptian"Great Bear" constellation, the seven elemental powers, and the Hindu "seven Rishis". She stated that the seven rays of the Vedic sun deity Vishnu represents the same concept as the "astral fluid or 'Light' of the Kabalists" and that the seven emantaions of the lower seven sephiroth are the "primeval seven rays" and "will be found and recognized in every religion." cite book |title=The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis of Science, Religion, and Philosophy |author=Helena Petrovna Blavatsky |publisher=Theosophical Publishing Society |year= 1893 |edition=Original from Harvard University (2 volumes) |pages=vol 1, p 129-130, 523, 573-4]
In the second volume of the "Secret Doctrine", Blavatsky discusses the "seven nervous plexuses of the body" and the seven rays they radiate, stating that this principle is found in the
Rig Veda, in the mythology of Ahura Mazda, in the beliefs of the Incas, the Chinese Yao, and the Egyptian "Osiris, when he enters the ark, or solar boat, takes seven Rays with him." She describes the seven wise ones of the Veda as " the seven Rays which fall free from the macrocosmic centre". cite book |title=The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis of Science, Religion, and Philosophy |author=Helena Petrovna Blavatsky |publisher=Theosophical Publishing Society |year= 1893 |edition=Original from Harvard University (2 volumes) |pages=vol 2, p 143, 191]
Blavatsky summarizes the syncretistic principle of her doctrine as it relates to the seven rays:
a key which reveals to us on indisputable grounds of comparative analogy... the Indian phœnix, the emblem of cyclic and periodical time, the "man-lion" Singha, of whose representations the so-called "gnostic gems" are so full. Over the seven rays of the lion's crown, and corresponding to their points, stand, in many cases, the seven vowels of the Greek alphabet AEHIOYW, testifying to the Seven Heavens. This is the Solar lion and the emblem of the Solar cycle, as Garuda is that of the great cycle, the "Maha-Kalpa" co-eternal with Vishnu, and also, of course, the emblem of the Sun, and Solar cycle. ... As well remarked by C. W. King: — "Whatever the primary meaning (of the gem with the solar lion and vowels) it was probably imported in its present shape from India, that true fountain head of gnostic iconography." (Gnostics, p. 218) cite book |title=The Secret Doctrine: The Synthesis of Science, Religion, and Philosophy |author=Helena Petrovna Blavatsky |publisher=Theosophical Publishing Society |year= 1893 |edition=Original from Harvard University (2 volumes) |pages=vol 2, p 564-5]
In the third volume of the "Secret Doctrine", published posthumously, Blavatsky described the "Seven Primeval Rays" as a group of celestial beings also known as "Gods" or "Angels" or "Powers". She stated that this symbolism was "adopted later on by the Christian Religion as the 'Seven Angels of the Presence.'" [cite book|title=Occultism Of The Secret Doctrine |author=Helena Petrovna Blavatsky |publisher=Kessinger Publishing |year= 2004 |edition=originally published in 1897 |pages=part I, page 369 |isbn= 1417911042]
Metaphysics of the seven rays
In Theosophy, the Seven Rays are said to be seven major types of "Light-Substance" (spirit/matter) (wave/particle) that compose the created universes. These are also believed to convey "Divine Qualities". [Carson, Reed. [http://www.blavatsky.net/confirm/ev/other/photon.htm "Blavatsky' Foreknowledge of The Wave/Particle Duality of Light"] 1997. "It would also be incorrect to claim light is fully explained as a particle. Rather it has a dual nature possessing the properties of both
waveand particle. In general, electromagnetic radiationacts more like waves in the radio waveend of the spectrum, more like particles in the x-rayend of the spectrum, and usually (but not always) like a wave in the "middle" light area of the spectrum in our everyday experience. Her ambiguity, then, reflects a fact in nature, the wave/particle duality of nature."]
Alice A. Bailey, each person has a "soul ray" that remains the same through all their incarnations, and a "personality ray" that is different for each incarnation. Each ray is also correspondent with certain Masters of Wisdom, and with particular planets, cycles, nations, etc.
Bailey stated the Seven Rays locally originate within the "Solar Logos", i.e., the consciousness of the "Divine Being" of the
Sun. According to Benjamin Cremerays are focused through the Solar Logos from the "Galactic Logos" (the consciousness of the "Divine Beings" of the Milky Way Galaxy), and have their ultimate origin within the mind of God.
On the local planetary level, it is believed by adherents of the Theosophical tradition that the Seven Rays are transmitted from the Solar Logos through the God of our planet,
Sanat Kumara, then through the spiritual hierarchy of our planet which includes the "Masters of Wisdom" (Some writings term them the Ascended Masters or the Great White Brotherhood).
Each of the "Seven Rays" is believed to be associated with a different kind of occult energy, a different
Qualities of the seven rays
The "Seven Rays" are listed below:
Alice A. Baileyand the Church Universal and Triumphantassign different colors and in some cases different Masters to each of the seven rays. It is to be noted that in the "Letters on Occult Meditation", Alice Bailey indicates that there is no simple correspondence between the rays and these colors. The colors, Masters, and Retreats indicated here are those indicated by both Alice Bailey and the Church Universal and Triumphant. Note that the colors and Masters assigned by the Church Universal and Triumphant may be different from those indicated by Alice Bailey.
According to Alice A. Bailey and
C.W. Leadbeater, the Masters live in immortal bodies at a "residence" on the physical planeat the indicated location (although a given Master may physically travel extensively incognito to various locations, become invisible, teleport to various locations, and walk through walls, as well as influencing humans telepathically and travelling on the inner planes, as required by the demands of his spiritual work).
According to the Church Universal and Triumphant, and other "Ascended Master Activities", each Master is believed to serve at a "Retreat" on the physical or
etheric planeat the geographical location shown after their name.
For the Church Universal and Triumphant is indicated what is called the "Gifts of the Holy Spirit" for that ray. For both Alice A. Bailey and the Church Universal and Triumphant, each ray has a jewel which is believed to focus the energy of that ray, which is indicated.
In a section below, the characteristic magic for each ray as listed by C.W. Leadbeater.
Alice A. Bailey
Ascended Master Teachings
C.W. Leadbeater gave a list showing the characteristic type of magic for each ray; this list indicates what he regarded as the most compatible type of magic to be performed by persons on each ray (although anyone of any ray can do any of these various types of magic). [ Leadbetter, C.W. "The Masters and the Path" Adyar, Madras, India: 1925--The Theosophical Publishing House. Chart on P. 229 lists Characteristic Magic of each Ray. ]
* 2. SECOND RAY: Magic of
Raja Yoga(Development of Mind)
* 3. THIRD RAY: Magic of
Astrology(Natural Magnetic Forces).
* 4. FOURTH RAY: Magic of
Hatha Yoga(physical development).
* 5. FIFTH RAY: Magic of
Alchemy(Manipulation of Material Substances).
* 6. SIXTH RAY: Magic of
Bhakti Yoga(Selfless Service and Altruistic Love [ agape] ).
* 7. SEVENTH RAY:
Ceremonial magic(Invocation of Elementals, and Devas).
In other contemporary philosophies
In the mid to late 20th century, as the
New Agemovement gained in popularity, the concept and imagery of the seven rays appeared in a variety of settings.
esoteric astrology, the seven rays are considered to be split into three groups: the first two rays represent Will and Wisdom, respectively, and the remaining five rays together form the group that represents Activity. [cite book|title=Esoteric Astrology |author=Alan Leo|publisher=Inner Traditions/Bear & Company |year= 1989 |pages=p21|isbn= 0892811811] The energy healing system of Reikirequires the student to pass through a sequence of levels, by mastering the "key" to each level. The key for the second level is known as the key of "oneness" and is attained by passing through each of the seven rays. [cite book|title=The Spirit of Reiki|author=Carolyn E. Jackson |publisher=Innate Foundation Publishing |year=2004|pages=p122-128|isbn= 0974586617]
psychiccounselor Samantha Stevens, an individual can use affirmations, candles, color therapy, vibrational medicines and other methods to contact "Archangels", which she defines as the "Seven Rays", based on Buddhist and Christian theories, writing: "The Rays or Divine Flames (as they are sometimes called) represent elements in the perfectly integrated human being - one whose heart is aligned with their will and inspired by the Divine Imagination." [cite book|title=The Seven Rays: A Universal Guide to the Archangels |author=Samantha Stevens |publisher=Insomniac Press |year= 2003 |pages=p22 et al|isbn= 1894663497]
Light therapist and
RadionicsPractitioner Primrose Cooper writes that in using light as a healing modality, she finds it helpful to use the seven rays as defined in Theosophy to assist her clients in finding "psychological insight into their soul's purpose. [cite book|title=The Healing Power of Light: A Comprehensive Guide to the Healing and Transformative Powers of Light|author=Primrose Cooper|publisher=Weiser |year= 2001 |pages=p115-116|isbn= 1578632315]
In popular culture
progressive rockband Utopia (band), lead by prolific musician Todd Rundgren, wrote and performed a song entitled "The Seven Rays." The lyrics of the song center around the philosophies associated with the seven rays concepts popular with the new age movement, with much focus on the colors associated with each ray. The track originally appeared on the live album "Another Live" (the band at that point was known as "Todd Rundgren's Utopia").
*Abraham, Kurt. "Great Souls: The Seven Rays at the Soul Level" School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press, 2002.
*Abraham, Kurt. "Techniques of Soul Alignment: The Rays, the Subtle Bodies, and the Use of Keywords." School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press: 1997.
*Abraham, Kurt. "Balancing the Pairs of Opposites; The Seven Rays and Education, and Other Essays in Esoteric Psychology." School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press, 1993.
*Abraham, Kurt. "The Seven Rays and Nations: France and the United States Compared." School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press, 1987.
*Abraham, Kurt. "Introduction to the Seven Rays" School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press: 1986.
*Abraham, Kurt. "Threefold Method for Understanding the Seven Rays." School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press, 1984.
*Abraham, Kurt. "Psychological Types and the Seven Rays." School for the Study of the Seven Rays, Lampus Press: 1983.
* Bailey, Alice A. "The Seven Rays of Life" New York: 1995--Lucis Publishing Co. Compilation from all the
Alice A. Baileybooks of material about the Seven Rays.
* Baker, Douglas "The Seven Rays: Key to the Mysteries" Essendon, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom:1977 Baker Publications
* Creme, Benjamin "Maitreya's Mission" Amsterdam: 1986 - Share International Foundation.
* Hodson, Geoffrey "The Seven Human Temperaments" Adyar, Madras, India: 1952--The Theosophical Publishing House.
* Hone, Mo. "The Seven Rays Today" A New Appreciation of the Ageless Wisdom and Esoteric Astrology. Pluto Network (UK) 2006
* Leadbetter, C.W. "The Masters and the Path" Adyar, Madras, India: 1925--The Theosophical Publishing House.
* Prophet, Mark "Studies of the Human Aura" Colorado Springs, Colorado: 1975 - Summit University Press (Claimed to have been dictated from "
Kuthumi") Chart on pages 120-121 of the Seven Rays from the perspective of the The Summit Lighthouse.
* Wood, Ernest "The Seven Rays" Wheaton, Illinois, U.S.A.: 1925--Theosophical Publishing House
* [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/3987/theosop.html] Basic Ideas of Theosophy, including the Seven Rays
* [http://www.sevenraystoday.com/] Detailed description of the seven rays and links to source works.
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Tampa Bay Rays — ▪ American baseball team American professional baseball team based in St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg), Fla., that plays in the American League (AL). The Rays began play in 1998 and were known as the Devil Rays until the end of the 2007 season … Universalium