Ernest Dunlop Swinton
Swinton is credited as having an influence on the development of the
tankand for coining the phrase " no-mans land", the latter popularised when using the pseudonym'Eye-Witness' reporting on military matters.
Swinton was born in
Bangalore, Indiain 1868. He became an officer in the Corps of Royal Engineersin 1888, serving in India and becoming Lieutenantin 1891.
He received the DSO in the
Second Boer War(1899-1902). After the war, he wrote his book on small unit tactics, The Defense of Duffer's Drift, a military classic on minor tactics that has been used by the United States military to train its officers [http://regimentalrogue.tripod.com/duffersdrift/Duffers_Drift.htm] [ [http://usacac.army.mil/CAC/milreview/English/SepOct02/SepOct02/brown.pdf] .In the years leading up to the First World Warhe served as a staff officerand as an official historian of the Russo-Japanese War.
First World War
War Minister, Lord Kitchener appointed Swinton as the official British war correspondenton the Western Front. Journalists were not allowed at the front and Swinton's reports were censored leading to an effectively uncontroversial although evenhanded reporting.Born in Bangalore, India in 1868. Swinton recounts in his book "Eyewitness" how he first got the sudden idea to build a tank on 19 October 1914, while driving a car in France. It is known he in July 1914 received a letter from a friend, the South-African engineer Hugh Merriot, asking his attention for the fact that armoured tractors might be very useful in warfare. November 1914 Swinton, then a Major, suggested the idea of an armoured tracked vehicle to the military authorities. [http://www.1914-1918.net/tanks.htm] . In the same year he prepared from his own resources a propagandaleaflet and had it dropped from aircraft over German troops. His armoured vehicle proposal was stalled within the British Army but Colonel Maurice Hankeylate December took it to Winston Churchill, then at the Admiralty, which led to the formation of the Landships Committee, in which Swinton did initially not participate. In 1916 Swinton became as a Lieutenant Colonelresponsible for the training of the first tank units. He created the first tactical instructions for armoured warfare. The Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors decided after the war that the inventors of the tank were Sir William Tritton, managing director of Fosters and Major Walter Gordon Wilson.
In 1919 he retired as
Major General. He subsequently served in the Civil Aviation department at the Air Ministry. He thereafter joined Citroënin 1922 as a director. He was Professor of Military History at Oxford Universityand Colonel Commandant of the Royal Tank Corpsfrom 1934-38.
*"The Defence of Duffer's Drift" pseudonym of "Lieutenant Backsight Forethought" BF.
*"The Green Curve" (1909)
*"Tab Dope" (1915) pseudonym of "O'le Luk-Oie"
*"The Study of War" (1926)
*"An Eastern Odyssey" (1935)
* [http://regimentalrogue.tripod.com/duffersdrift/Duffers_Drift.htm The Defence of Duffer's Drift]
* [http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/swinton.htm Biography]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Swinton — is the name of several places and People:Places* In England: ** Swinton, Greater Manchester ** Swinton, Harrogate, North Yorkshire ** Swinton, Ryedale, North Yorkshire ** Swinton, South Yorkshire* In Scotland ** Swinton, Glasgow ** Swinton,… … Wikipedia
Clan Swinton — This article is about the Scottish clan. For other uses, see Swinton (disambiguation). Clan Swinton Crest badge … Wikipedia
Tank — For other uses, see Tank (disambiguation). Tank A former British Arm … Wikipedia
The Defence of Duffer's Drift — … Wikipedia
List of Old Gowers — This is a List of Notable Old Gowers former pupils of University College School. See also .A*Thomas Adès, composer (OG ? 1988)*The Very Rev. Dr. Hermann Adler (OG 1852 54), Chief Rabbi of UK *The Rev. Canon Ainger, Alfred Ainger (OG 1847 49),… … Wikipedia
Mark I (Panzer) — Mark I Allgemeine Eigenschaften … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tanks in World War I — The development of Tanks in World War I began as a solution to the stalemate which trench warfare had brought to the western front. The first prototype of the Mark I tank was tested for the British Army on 8 September 1915. Although initially… … Wikipedia
Eyewitness — may refer to the following:*For the court system type of eye witness, witness *For the TV show, Eyewitness (TV) *For the movie, Eyewitness (film) *For the nonfiction book series, Eyewitness Books *For Royal Hunt s album, Eyewitness (album) *For… … Wikipedia
Duffer — may refer to: Duffer (Narnia), invisible dwarves in the Chronicles of Narnia Duffer , in Australian English, a person occupied in cattle raiding Glossary of chess#D#Duffer, a weak player in the game of chess In biology: Duffers group, the… … Wikipedia
Crewe House — Das Crewe House war eine britische Propaganda Agentur während des Ersten Weltkrieges in Mayfair, London. Es beherbergte das geheime Direktorat für Propaganda in Feindländern des ersten Ministry of Information (MoI). Crewe House bezeichnet… … Deutsch Wikipedia