Gwyneth Paltrow


Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow

Gwyneth Paltrow at the 68th Venice Film Festival, September 2011
Born Gwyneth Kate Paltrow[1]
September 27, 1972 (1972-09-27) (age 39)[2]
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress, singer, author
Years active 1990–present
Spouse Chris Martin (m. 2003–present) «start: (2003)»"Marriage: Chris Martin to Gwyneth Paltrow" Location: (linkback://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gwyneth_Paltrow)
Children 2
Parents Bruce Paltrow (deceased)
Blythe Danner
Relatives Jake Paltrow (brother)
Katherine Moennig (cousin)

Gwyneth Kate Paltrow (play /ˈɡwɪnɨθ ˈpæltr/; born September 27, 1972) is an American actress and singer.[3][4] She made her acting debut on stage in 1990 and started appearing in films in 1991. After appearing in several films throughout the decade, Paltrow gained early notice for her work in films such as Se7en (1995) and Emma (1996) (in which she played the title role). Following the films Sliding Doors (1998) and A Perfect Murder (1998), Paltrow garnered worldwide recognition through her performance in Shakespeare in Love (1998), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Actress, a Golden Globe Award and two Screen Actors Guild Awards, for Outstanding Lead Actress and as a member of the Outstanding Cast. She also won a Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2011 for her role as Holly Holiday on the FOX hit TV show Glee in the episode "The Substitute."

Paltrow has portrayed supporting as well as lead roles in films such as The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), Shallow Hal (2001), and Proof (2005), for which she earned a Golden Globe nomination as Best Actress in Motion Picture Drama. In 2008, she appeared in the highest grossing movie of her career, the superhero film Iron Man (2008), and then reprised her role as Pepper Potts in its sequel, Iron Man 2 (2010). Paltrow also has been the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume since 2005. In the same 2011 weekend as winning her Emmy Award she appeared in the number one film at the US box office, the ensemble plague drama Contagion. She is married to Chris Martin, the lead vocalist of Coldplay. They have two children together, Apple and Moses. She is also the face of American fashion brand Coach.[citation needed]

Contents

Early life

Paltrow was born in Los Angeles, California. She is the daughter of Blythe Danner, an actress, and Bruce Paltrow, a film and television director and producer. Her father was of Ashkenazi Russian Jewish descent, and her mother is a Quaker of Pennsylvania Dutch and more distant white Barbadian ancestry.[5][6][7][8][9][10] Paltrow's paternal great-great-grandfather, whose surname was "Palterowicz", was a rabbi in Nowogród, Poland.[11] Paltrow has a younger brother, Jake Paltrow, and is a half-cousin of actress Katherine Moennig, and a second cousin of Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords (AZ-08).[12]

Paltrow was raised in Santa Monica, where she attended Crossroads School, before moving[citation needed] and enrolling in The Spence School, a private girls' school in New York City.[13] Later, she briefly studied art history at the University of California, Santa Barbara, before dropping out to act.[14] She is an "adopted daughter" of Talavera de la Reina (Spain), where at 15 she spent a year as an exchange student and learned to speak Spanish.[15][clarification needed][16][dead link]

Career

Early work, 1990–1996

After spending several summers watching her mother perform at the Williamstown Theatre Festival in Massachusetts, Paltrow made her professional stage debut there in 1990.[14] Her film debut followed next year with Shout (1991), starring John Travolta, she was cast by Steven Spielberg in his film, Hook (1991), as the young Wendy Darling.[14] Paltrow then had minor roles in Malice (1993) and Flesh and Bone (1993). She was next cast in a supporting role in Se7en (1995) alongside Brad Pitt and Morgan Freeman, which earned her a Satellite Award nomination.[citation needed] In 1996, she played the title character in Emma to critical acclaim.[citation needed]

Worldwide recognition, 1998–2003

Paltrow appeared in several films throughout 1998, including Sliding Doors and the leading role in the film adaptation of the Charles Dickens novel, Great Expectations with Ethan Hawke, Robert De Niro, Anne Bancroft and Chris Cooper. Also in 1998 Paltrow appeared in two thrillers, Hush opposite Jessica Lange and A Perfect Murder inspired by Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film, Dial M for Murder. Paltrow appeared opposite Michael Douglas as Emily Taylor, based on Grace Kelly's character from the original film, though the film was met with mixed reviews.[17]

In 1998, Paltrow starred in Shakespeare in Love, portraying the fictional lover of William Shakespeare, played by Joseph Fiennes. The film earned more than US$100 million in box office receipts in the United States and Paltrow gained critical acclaim for her portrayal. Entertainment Weekly commented, "Best of all is Gwyneth Paltrow, who, at long last, has a movie to star in that's as radiant as she is."[18] The New York Times summed up her turn as Viola as such: "Gwyneth Paltrow, in her first great, fully realized starring performance, makes a heroine so breathtaking that she seems utterly plausible as the playwright's guiding light."[19] The award-winning Shakespeare in Love[20][21] earned Paltrow the award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role from the Screen Actors Guild,[22] the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress[22] and the Academy Award for Best Actress, among other honors.[21] Her Pink Ralph Lauren dress worn at the 71st Academy Awards in collecting her Oscar was extremely popular and was credited for bringing pink back into fashion.[23]

In 1999, Paltrow co-starred in The Talented Mr. Ripley alongside Jude Law, Matt Damon and Cate Blanchett which earned $80 million domestically and received positive reviews.[24] She showcased her singing ability in 2000's Duets, which was directed by her father and co-starred singer Huey Lewis. The same year, Paltrow co-starred with Ben Affleck in the romantic drama Bounce as Abby Janello. She was part of an ensemble cast, as Margot Tenenbaum, in The Royal Tenenbaums (2001). Also in 2001, she starred with Jack Black in the comedy Shallow Hal, where she had to wear a specially designed 25 pound fatsuit and heavy make-up. The film was released to mixed reviews.

Recent work, 2004–present

Paltrow at a ceremony for receiving her Hollywood Walk of Fame star, December 2010

Since the Oscar for Shakespeare in Love, Paltrow's film success has been less noteworthy.[25] She said she was unequipped for the pressure, leading to several bad movie choices,[26] agreeing with peers who believe the win is, in some ways, a curse.[27] During this time, Paltrow rarely appeared in films, having taken a career hiatus to raise her family.[13] In The Guardian, she said she divided her career into movies for love and films for money: The Royal Tenenbaums, Proof, and Sylvia fell into the former category, while she did View from the Top and Shallow Hal for the latter.[7] In 2004, she appeared in the science-fiction film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow opposite Jude Law. The same year, she was recognized as an outstanding woman in entertainment by Women in Film Los Angeles with the Crystal Award.[28] In 2005, she appeared in the film Proof as the depressed daughter of a brilliant, eccentric mathematician. The movie is based on the play of the same name, in which Paltrow also played the same character at London's Donmar Warehouse in 2002. For her performance Paltrow earned her second Golden Globe nomination Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama. In 2006, she had small roles in Running With Scissors and Infamous, in which she sang Cole Porter's "What Is This Thing Called Love?"

In 2008, she appeared in the superhero film Iron Man as Pepper Potts, Tony Stark's closest friend, budding love interest, and business partner.[29] Iron Man is Paltrow's highest-grossing film to date, earning more than $585,000,000 worldwide.[30] Paltrow said she was hesitant to appear in a big-budget project but she was won over by Robert Downey Jr., the film's lead, and director Jon Favreau. She recalled a conversation with Downey, saying:[31]

Robert called me and he said, 'This is gonna be fun, and this is gonna be good.' And then he said to me, 'Don't you want to be in a movie that people see?' And I was like, 'Whoa! What would that feel like?' And he's right. Moviemaking is not supposed to be a masturbatory exercise; it's supposed to be shared by other people.

In 2010, Paltrow reprised her role in the sequel to Iron Man, Iron Man 2. Later in 2010, she appeared in the musical Country Strong and recorded the song Country Strong for the film's soundtrack.[32] The song was released to country radio in August 2010.[33] At the 83rd Academy Awards, Paltrow performed the song "Coming Home" from the film which was nominated for Best Original Song.[34] She also appeared in Fox's Glee, as substitute teacher Holly Holliday, who fills in for Matthew Morrison's character when he falls ill. She sang "Nowadays" from the musical Chicago with Lea Michele, Cee Lo Green's "Forget You" and Gary Glitter's "Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah)," plus a mash-up of "Singin' In the Rain" and Rihanna's "Umbrella" with Morrison, Mark Salling and Chris Colfer in the episode.[35] She later performed "Forget You" with Cee-Lo Green himself and several puppet characters provided by the Jim Henson Company at the 2011 Grammy Awards.,[36] She reprised her role later that season, performing "Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah)" by Gary Glitter, an acoustic version of "Landslide" by Fleetwood Mac and "Kiss" by Prince. In 2011, Paltrow appeared in the Steven Soderbergh thriller Contagion, in which she was part of an ensemble cast, including Kate Winslet, Marion Cotillard and her The Talented Mr. Ripley co-stars, Matt Damon and Jude Law.[37]

Other projects

Paltrow is a Save the Children artist ambassador, raising awareness about World Pneumonia Day.[38] She is on the board of the Robin Hood Foundation, a charitable organization that works to alleviate poverty in New York City.[citation needed] In February 2009, Paltrow received a Grammy nomination for her reading of the classic bear books of author Bill Martin, Jr.[39]

Paltrow had her singing debut in the 2000 film Duets, in which she performed a cover version of Smokey Robinson's "Cruisin'". The song was released as a single. The song went to number one in Australia, while Paltrow's rendition of the Kim Carnes classic "Bette Davis Eyes" reached number three.[citation needed] In the 2006 film Infamous, she sang "What Is This Thing Called Love". On September 27, 2006, Paltrow sang with rapper Jay-Z during his concert at Royal Albert Hall. She sang the chorus for "Song Cry", from the rapper's album Blueprint.[40] In an interview, she said she would be at the concert but not that she would perform. She was quoted as saying "I'm a Jay-Z fan. He's my best friend."[41]

In May 2005, Paltrow became the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume. She appeared in Chicago on 17 August 2007, to sign bottles of the perfume, and on 8 July 2008, she promoted Lauder's Sensuous perfume in New York with the company's three other models.[42] Estée Lauder donates a minimum of $500,000 of sales of items from the 'Pleasures Gwyneth Paltrow' collection to breast cancer research.[43] In 2006, she became the face for Bean Pole International, a Korean fashion brand.[citation needed]

In October 2007, she signed for a PBS television series Spain... on the road Again with Mario Batali that showcases the food and culture of Spain.[44] In September 2008, she launched a weekly lifestyle newsletter, Goop, encouraging readers to 'nourish the inner aspect'. The website's title is derived from the initials of her first and last names.[45] Each week, the newsletter focuses on an action: Make, Go, Get, Do, Be, and See. It has been ridiculed by E-Online,[46] Vanity Fair,[47] The Independent,[48] and the UK's Daily Mirror.[49]

Personal life

At the age of 24, Paltrow was engaged for six months to actor Brad Pitt, whom she dated from December 1994 to June 1997.[50] The engagement was called off, according to Paltrow, because she wasn't ready for marriage and later felt responsible for hurting Pitt since she was "such a mess" during that time in her life.[51] Paltrow has since said that as this was her first high-profile relationship with another celebrity, it taught her the need for public discretion about her romantic life; she told Biography magazine, "I said things about being in a relationship [with Brad Pitt] that felt wrong to me even as I was saying them."[52]

Paltrow had an on-off three year relationship with actor Ben Affleck from 1997 to late 2000.[53] Soon after their breakup, Paltrow convinced Affleck to work in the film Bounce with her;[54] during the making of the film, which was shot in mid 1999, the couple started dating again and eventually broke up in October 2000.[53]

In October 2002, Paltrow met Chris Martin of the British rock group Coldplay backstage three weeks after the death of her father Bruce Paltrow. They married on December 5, 2003 in a ceremony at a hotel in Southern California.[55] On 14 May 2004, the couple had their first child, a girl named Apple Blythe Alison Martin. Paltrow explained the unusual first name on Oprah, saying: "It sounded so sweet and it conjured such a lovely picture for me – you know, apples are so sweet and they're wholesome and it's biblical – and I just thought it sounded so lovely and … clean! And I just thought, 'Perfect!'"[56]

Her second child, a boy named Moses Bruce Anthony Martin, was born on 8 April 2006, in New York City's Mount Sinai Hospital.[57] Her son's first name was explained as the song, titled "Moses", that her husband wrote for her before their wedding.[57] Paltrow has stated that she cut down on work after becoming a mother.[58] She has also said that she suffered from postpartum depression after the birth of her second child.[59]

In 2010, she suffered a severe tibial plateau fracture, due to a vitamin D deficiency and osteopenia.[60]

Paltrow discovered in 2011 that her father's family came from a long line of influential East European rabbis, and that inspired her to raise her daughter and son in a Jewish environment.[61]

Controversial statements

In December 2006, Paltrow was reported on the Internet to have told Notícias Sábado, the weekend magazine supplement of Portuguese newspaper Diário de Notícias, that she thought British people were more civilized and intelligent than Americans.[62] Paltrow denied making the statements attributed to her and told People magazine that she never gave an interview to a Portuguese publication, but instead had tried to say in Spanish, during a press conference, that Europe was an "older culture" and Americans "live to work".[63] Diário de Notícias said in their 6 December 2006 edition that it had obtained the quotes from English-language articles that are still referenced online,[7][64] though Paltrow has insisted that she was misquoted, declaring in 2007: "I love America, and I'm an American through and through."[31]

Filmography

Film
Title Year Role Notes
Shout 1991 Rebecca
Hook 1991 Young Wendy Darling
Deadly Relations 1993 Carol Ann Fagot
Malice 1993 Paula Bell
Flesh and Bone 1993 Ginny
Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle 1994 Paula Hunt
Higher Learning 1995 Student Uncredited
Jefferson in Paris 1995 Patsy Jefferson
Se7en 1995 Tracy Mills Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress
Moonlight and Valentino 1995 Lucy Trager
Hard Eight 1996 Clementine
Pallbearer, TheThe Pallbearer 1996 Julie DeMarco
Emma 1996 Emma Woodhouse Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Out of the Past 1998 Sarah Orne Jewett Voice
Sliding Doors 1998 Helen Quilley Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (also for Shakespeare in Love)
Russian Guild of Film Critics – Best Foreign Actress
Great Expectations 1998 Estella
Hush 1998 Helen Baring
Perfect Murder, AA Perfect Murder 1998 Emily Bradford Taylor Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress
Shakespeare in Love 1998 Viola De Lesseps Academy Award for Best Actress
Empire Award for Best Actress
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (also for Sliding Doors)
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress
MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss (shared with Joseph Fiennes)
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role – Motion Picture
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Female Performance
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Actress
Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Sexiest Love Scene (shared with Joseph Fiennes)
Talented Mr. Ripley, TheThe Talented Mr. Ripley 1999 Marge Sherwood Nominated—Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress
Intern, TheThe Intern 2000 Herself Uncredited
Duets 2000 Liv
Bounce 2000 Abby Janello Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actress
Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss (shared with Ben Affleck)
Anniversary Party, TheThe Anniversary Party 2001 Skye Davidson
Royal Tenenbaums, TheThe Royal Tenenbaums 2001 Margot Tenenbaum Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Shallow Hal 2001 Rosemary Shanahan Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Actress
Searching for Debra Winger 2002 Herself Documentary
Austin Powers in Goldmember 2002 Gwyneth Paltrow as Dixie Normous in 'Austinpussy'
Possession 2002 Maud Bailey
View from the Top 2003 Donna Jensen
Sylvia 2003 Sylvia Plath
Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow 2004 Polly Perkins Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss (shared with Jude Law)
Proof 2005 Catherine Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Infamous 2006 Kitty Dean
Love and Other Disasters 2006 Hollywood Jacks Cameo appearance
Running with Scissors 2006 Hope Finch
Good Night, TheThe Good Night 2007 Dora
Iron Man 2008 Virginia "Pepper" Potts Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Actress
Two Lovers 2008 Michelle Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Female
Iron Man 2 2010 Virginia "Pepper" Potts Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Science Fiction Actress
Nominated—Scream Award for Best Science Fiction Actress
Country Strong 2010 Kelly Canter
Glee: The 3D Concert Movie 2011 Herself/Holly Holiday
Contagion 2011 Beth Emhoff
Thanks For Sharing 2012 Independent film
The Avengers 2012 Virginia "Pepper" Potts Cameo appearance
Television
Title Year Role Notes
Saturday Night Live 1999 Host Hosted episodes in 1999, 2001, and 2011
Spain... on the road Again 2008 Herself
Marriage Ref, TheThe Marriage Ref 2010 Herself
Glee 2010–present Holly Holliday Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (2011)
Pending - People's Choice Award for Favorite TV Guest Star (2012)
Who Do You Think You Are? 2011 Herself Season 2 Episode 7 "Gwyneth Paltrow"

Discography

Singles

Single Year Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
Album
US
[65]
US AC
[66]
US
Country

[67]
AUS
[68]
NZ
[69]
UK
[70]
"Cruisin'" (with Huey Lewis) 2000 1 1 1 Duets
"Bette Davis Eyes" 3
"Country Strong" 2010 81 30 Country Strong
"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw) 2011 34 63
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Featured singles

Single Year Peak chart positions Album
US
[72][73]
[74]
AUS
[75][76]
CAN
[77][78]
[79]
IRL
[80]
UK
[81][82]
[83]
"Forget You" (with Glee Cast) 2010 11 24 12 20 31 Glee: The Music, Volume 4
"Nowadays / Hot Honey Rag" (with Glee Cast)[84] Non-album singles
"Singing in the Rain / Umbrella" (with Glee Cast) 18 23 20 10 22
"Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah)" (with Glee Cast) 2011 57 63 95 Glee: The Music, Volume 5
"Kiss" (with Glee Cast) 83 98 80
"Landslide" (with Glee Cast) 23 38 35 36 52
"Turning Tables" (with Glee Cast) 66 66 75 Glee: The Music, Volume 6
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Album appearances

Song Year Album
"Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)" (with Babyface) 2000 Duets
"Shake That Thing" 2010 Country Strong
"Coming Home"
"A Fighter"
"Travis"
"Somewhere Over The Rainbow" (with Matthew Morrison) 2011 Matthew Morrison

Music videos

Video Year Director
"Country Strong" 2010 Kristin Barlowe, Christoper Sims
"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw) 2011 Shana Feste

References

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  3. ^ "Gwyneth Paltrow Close to Signing Record Deal" March 7, 2011, Rolling Stone
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