Samson ben Abraham of Sens

Samson ben Abraham (c. 1150-c. 1230), also known as the Rash of Sens (an acronym of his name) or "the Prince of Sens", was one of the leading French Tosafists in the second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th centuries. He was the most outstanding student and the spiritual heir of the "Ri".Fact|date=February 2007

He was probably born in Falaise, Calvados, where his grandfather, the tosafist Samson ben Joseph, called "the Elder", lived. He studied under Rabbeinu Tam at Troyes and David ben Kalonymus of Münzenberg, and for ten years attended the Yeshiva of Rabbi Isaac ben Samuel ha-Zaken (the "Ri") of Dampierre, after whose death he took charge of the yeshiva of Sens. The Rosh said of him that only Rabbeinu Tam and Rabbi Isaac ben Samuel exercised greater influence upon Talmudical studies in France and in Germany during the 13th century.

The Rash sided with the opponents of the Rambam in their disputes. He kept up a lively correspondence with Rabbi Meïr Abulafia, and like him, condemned Rambams' rationalistic views on bodily resurrection and Talmudic "haggadah". He also sided with Rabbi Abulafia in his objection to some of Rambam's halachic views, and reproached Rambam for not having indicated the Talmudic sources in his "Mishneh Torah." However, later on he quarreled with Rabbi Abulafia because Abulafia was offended by some of his remarks.

Due to persecution of the Jews by Pope Innocent III, the Rash joined 300 English and French rabbis in emigrating to Palestine about 1211. For some years he lived in Jerusalem, hence he is designated "the Jerusalemite" or "Rabbi Samson of the Land of Israel". He died in Acre around 1230 and he was buried at the foot of Mount Carmel.


He authored many "tosafot", abridged by Eliezer of Touques. They are fundamentally important, the principal sources for the interpretation of the Talmud. In addition to the many "tosafot" he composed, he also authored a commentary on two of the Mishnaic orders, "Zeraim" and "Tohorot."

He frequently refers therein to the "Jerusalem Talmud," to which he devoted more attention than any of his predecessors or contemporaries, and to the older compilations "Tosefta," "Mechilta," "Sifra," and "Sifre," and he tries to reconcile the discrepancies between them and the "Mishnah." He refers to Nathan ben Jehiel, to Rashi, and other authorities, but never mentions Rambam's commentary, which he probably did not know.

According to Jacob ben Aksai, Rabbi Samson also wrote commentaries on "Shekalim," "Eduyot," "Middot," and "Dinnim", but none are extant.

He also wrote a commentary on the "Sifra"; for this, besides other older works, he utilized the commentary of Abraham ben David of Posquières (Rabad), which he quotes under the designation "Hachmei Lunel" or "Hachmei Provence", without mentioning the author's name.

Rabbi Meïr Abulafia speaks of Rabbi Samson's father, Abraham, as a pious, saintly, and noble man. Rabbi Samson's brother, Isaac of Dampierre (Riba), also known as Isaac the Younger to distinguish him from his teacher Isaac the Elder (Isaac ben Samuel), whom he succeeded as principal of the school of Dampierre, is also one of the prominent tosafists. He wrote some liturgical poems ("piyutim") and a commentary on the Pentateuch. He died about 1210, and Rabbi Samson attended his funeral. Both brothers are frequently mentioned in works such as "Or Zarua," "The Mordechai," "Orchot Chaim", "SeMaG", "Semak" (authored by a student of the Rash), "Sefer ha-Yashar," "Kol Bo", "Sha'are Dura", "Haggahot Maimuniyyot", "Terumat HaDeshen" and similar works, and by Asher ben Jehiel and Meir of Rothenburg.



shimshon was really good until he saw a beautiful girl and she was from timna and he ask his parent to married her

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  • SAMSON BEN ABRAHAM OF SENS — (late 12th–early 13th century), one of the great French tosafists, known also as Ha Sar ( the prince ) of Sens. He was the brother of isaac b. abraham (Riẓba) and grandson of samson b. joseph of Falaise, brother in law of jacob tam . In his youth …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samson ben Abraham of Sens — (fl. 12th 13th cent.)    French tosaphist. During the first Maimonidean controversy (1202), he spoke on behalf of the French rabbis. He opposed the teachings of Maimonides Mishneh Torah and attacked his view of resur rection. The founder of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Samson ben Joseph de Falaise — est un tossafiste du XIIe siècle. Il est l auteur de tossefot sur les traités talmudiques Shabbat, Erouvin, Yebamot, et Ḥoullin. Il a aussi écrit des décisions rituelles citées par Joel ha Levi sous le titre Pessaḳim. L une de ces décisions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SAMSON BEN JOSEPH OF FALAISE — (12th century), French tosafist. Samson was an older contemporary of Jacob Tam, with whom he corresponded and who addressed him with exceptional humility (see Sefer ha Yashar, responsa, nos. 3 and 4). He may have been a pupil of Rashi. His sister …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BERTINORO, OBADIAH BEN ABRAHAM YARE — (Di or Of; c. 1450–before 1516), Italian rabbi and Mishnah commentator. The name Yare is an acrostic of the Hebrew יְהִי רְצוּי אֶחָיו(Yehi Reẓui Eḥav; Let him be the favored of his brethren ; Deut. 33:24). Little is known of his family, which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM — (Riẓba; 12th century), French tosafist. Isaac is variously referred to as Riẓba, Riba, and Isaac ha Baḥur of Dampierre. He was the pupil of Isaac b. Samuel ha Zaken and also studied for a time under jacob tam . He was not a pupil of judah b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHKENAZI, BEZALEL BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1520–1591/94), talmudist and halakhic authority. Ashkenazi was born in Jerusalem or in Safed, where he studied in his youth under Israel di curiel . About 1540 he went to Egypt where he studied in Cairo under david b. solomon ibn Abi Zimra.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simson von Sens — (Samson ben Abraham von Sens; * um 1150; † um 1230 in Akkon) war ein französisch jüdischer Gelehrter und Tosafist des 12./13. Jahrhunderts. Er verfasste u. a. einen Kommentar zu Mischna Zeraim und Toharot (in den meisten Talmudausgaben enthalten) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF DAMPIERRE — (usually referred to by the initial letters of his name as Ri (initials of R abbi I saac) or Ri the Elder, or Ri of Dampierre, d. c. 1185), one of the most important of the tosafists and leading authority of Franco German Jewry in the second half …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHER BEN JEHIEL — (also known as Asheri and Rosh; c. 1250–1327), talmudist. His first teachers were his father, one of the Ḥasidei Ashkenaz, who was a follower of , and his elder brother. He spent some time in France, apparently in Troyes, and then lived in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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