1268


1268

Events

Europe

War and politics

* February 18 - Battle of Rakovor: The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov.
* October 29 - Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
* King Stephen V of Hungary launches a war against Bulgaria.
* The county of Wernigerode becomes a vassal state of the margrave of Brandenburg.
* The House of Bourbon first rises to prominence with the marriage of Robert, Count of Clermont to King Louis IX of France's daughter, Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress to the lordship of Bourbon.
* New election procedures for the election of the doge are established in Venice in order to reduce the influence of powerful individual families.
* Pope Clement IV dies; the following papal election fails to choose a new pope for almost 3 years, precipitating the later creation of stringent rules governing the electoral procedures.

Culture

* Nicola Pisano completes the famous octagonal Gothic-style pulpit at the Duomo di Siena.
* The carnival in Venice is first recorded.
* In France, the use of hops as the exclusive flavoring agent used in the manufacture of beer is made compulsory.
* In Slovakia, Guta is founded (currently Kolárovo).

Asia

* May 18 - The Principality of Antioch, a crusader state, falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars in the Battle of Antioch; Baibars' destruction of the city of Antioch is so great as to permanently negate the city's importance.
* The Battle of Xiangyang, a 6-year battle between the Chinese Song Dynasty and the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan, begins in what is today Hubei.
* Kublai Khan sends an emissary to the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan demanding an acknowledgment of suzerainty and payment of tribute; the Japanese refuse, starting a diplomatic back-and-forth lasting until the Mongols attempt to invade in 1274.
* An earthquake in Cilicia kills an estimated 60,000 people.
*The Tibetan monk Drogön Chögyal Phagpa of the Sakya school completes the Phagspa script, which was sponsored by Kublai Khan as a new writing system in his empire.

Births

* Saint Clare of Montefalco (d. 1308)
* Emperor Duanzong of China (d. 1278)
* Mahaut of Artois (d. 1327)
* Philip IV of France (d. 1314)

Deaths

* August 18 - Saint Clare of Montefalco (b. 1268)
* October 29 - Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (b. 1252)
* October 29 - Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (executed) (b. 1249)
* November 29 - Pope Clement IV
* December 9 - Vaisvilkas, Prince of Black Ruthenia
* Barral of Baux, Grand Justiciar of Sicily
* Henry de Bracton, English jurist
* Peter II of Savoy (b. 1203)


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  • 1268 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 12. Jahrhundert | 13. Jahrhundert | 14. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1230er | 1240er | 1250er | 1260er | 1270er | 1280er | 1290er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1264 | 1265 | 1266 | 12 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • (1268) Ливия — Открытие Первооткрыватель Сирил Джексон Место обнаружения Йоханнесбург Дата обнаружения 29 апреля 1930 Эпоним Ливия Альтернативные обозначения 1930 HJ; 1929 EA; 1930 KN Категория Главное кольцо …   Википедия

  • 1268 год — Годы 1264 · 1265 · 1266 · 1267 1268 1269 · 1270 · 1271 · 1272 Десятилетия 1240 е · 1250 е 1260 е 1270 е · …   Википедия

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