1258

Events

* January - One of the largest volcanic eruptions of the Holocene epoch occurs, possibly from a tropical location such as El Chichón, Mexico or Quilotoa, Ecuador. [Emile-Geay, J., Seager, R., Cane, M., Cook, E., Haug, G.H., [The volcanic eruption of 1258 A.D. and the subsequent ENSO event, "Geophysical Research Letters", 321, XXXX, doi:10.1029/2006JAXYZW, Mar 2006. (available [http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~julieneg/docs/1258_enso_grl.pdf online] , pdf file)] Observed effects of the eruption include the following anecdotal accounts: dry fog in France; lunar eclipses in England; severe winter in Europe; a "harsh" spring in Northern Iceland; famine in England, Western Germany, France, and Northern Italy; and pestilence in London, parts of France, Austria, Iraq, Syria, and South-East Turkey. [Stothers, R.B. (2000) Climatic and Demographic consequences of the Massive Volcanic Eruption of 1258. "Climatic Change", 45, 361-374. ]
* February 10 - Battle of Baghdad (1258) - Hulagu Khan's Mongol forces overrun Baghdad, then the leading center of Islamic culture and learning and capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. They burn the imperial city to the ground, killing as many as 1,000,000 citizens.

* Llywelyn the Last declares himself Prince of Wales. He is the final ruler of an independent Wales, before its conquest by the English.
* King Henry III of England is forced by seven powerful barons to accept the Provisions of Oxford, effectively ending the absolute monarchy in England by requiring the calling of a parliament.
* The Chinese era "Baoyou" ends in the Northern Song Dynasty of China.
* Civil unrest in northern Italy spawns the medieval musical form of Geisslerlieder, penitential songs sung by wandering bands of Flagellants.
* Gissur Thorvaldsson is made Earl of Iceland by King Haakon IV of Norway.
* Korea surrenders to the Mongols.

Births

* Arghun, fourth Ilkhanate ruler of Iran (approximate date; d. 1291)
* Osman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1326)

Deaths

* February 20 - Al-Musta'sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad
* August 18 - Theodore II Lascaris, emperor of Nicea (Byzantine Emperor in exile)
* Hong Bok-won, Goryeo commander who later served the Mongol Empire
* Meinhard I of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. c. 1200)
* Abu-l-Hassan ash-Shadhili, Moroccan spiritual leader (b. 1175)
* Clement of Dunblane, 13th-century Dominican friar who was the first member of the Dominican Order in Britain to become a bishop

Notes


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  • 1258 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 12. Jahrhundert | 13. Jahrhundert | 14. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1220er | 1230er | 1240er | 1250er | 1260er | 1270er | 1280er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1254 | 1255 | 1256 | 12 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1258 — Années : 1255 1256 1257  1258  1259 1260 1261 Décennies : 1220 1230 1240  1250  1260 1270 1280 Siècles : XIIe siècle  XIIIe&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1258 — Años: 1255 1256 1257 – 1258 – 1259 1260 1261 Décadas: Años 1220 Años 1230 Años 1240 – Años 1250 – Años 1260 Años 1270 Años 1280 Siglos: Siglo XII – …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1258 — …   Википедия

  • 1258 — Монголо татары овладели столицей Сельджукского эмирата Багдадом …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1258 — Монголы частично захватили Корею …   Краткий хронологический справочник

  • 1258 — матем. • Запись римскими цифрами: MCCLVIII …   Словарь обозначений

  • 1258 год — Годы 1254 · 1255 · 1256 · 1257 1258 1259 · 1260 · 1261 · 1262 Десятилетия 1230 е · 1240 е 1250 е 1260 е · …   Википедия

  • 1258 Sicilia — Infobox Planet minorplanet = yes width = 25em bgcolour = #FFFFC0 apsis = name = Sicilia symbol = caption = discovery = yes discovery ref = discoverer = K. Reinmuth discovery site = Heidelberg discovered = August 08, 1932 designations = yes mp… …   Wikipedia

  • 1258 dans les croisades — Chronologie synoptique des Croisades 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 Francs …   Wikipédia en Français


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