Diketone

Diacetyl, the simplest diketone

A diketone is a molecule containing two ketone groups. The simpliest diketone is diacetyl, also known as 2,3-butanedione. Diacetyl, acetylacetone, and hexane-2,5-dione are examples of 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-diketones, respectively. Dimedone is an example of a cyclic diketone.

Reactions

1,3-Diketones, such as acetylacetone, are particularly prone to form stable enols or enolates because of conjugation of the enol or enolate with the other carbonyl group, and the stability gained in forming a six-membered ring, (hydrogen bonded in the case of the enol or containing the counter ion in the case of the enolate).

Scheme 1. Tautomerism of 2,4-pentanedione

The conjugate base derived from 1,3-ketones form complexes with metal ions.

Diketones with one or two methylene groups separating the carbonyl groups typically coexist with their enol tautomers. The reactions of such dicarbonyls are very similar to those of simple ketones.

In the DeMayo reaction 1,3-diketones react with alkenes in a photochemical pericyclic reaction to form (substituted) 1,5-diketones.

EU Regulation

In 2004, the EU conducted an examination of certain flavoring additives grouped together as "Flavouring Group Evaluation FGE.11". This group included diketones.[1] As part of that study, the EU found that acetylacetone (pentane-2,4-dione) (FL 07.191) was genotoxic in vivo and in vitro, and deleted it from the register of permitted flavoring substances.[2] The register of permitted flavoring substances was adopted in 1999.[3]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diketōne — Diketōne, s. Ketone …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Diketone — Struktur von Butan 2,3 dion (Diacetyl) Ein Diketon ist eine organisch chemische Verbindung, die zwei Carbonylgruppen enthält und die allgemeine Struktur R C(=O)–X–C(=O)–R hat, dabei sind R, R und X kohlenstoffhaltige Reste. Die einfachsten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • diketone — diketonas statusas T sritis chemija formulė R(COR)₂, RCOCOR atitikmenys: angl. diketone rus. дикетон …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • diketone — /duy kee tohn/, n. Chem. a compound containing two C=O groups, as CH3COCOCH3. [1895 1900; DI 1 + KETONE] * * * …   Universalium

  • diketone — noun any compound having two neighbouring ketonic carbonyl groups …   Wiktionary

  • diketone — A molecule containing two carbonyl groups; e.g., acetylacetone (CH3COCH2COCH3). * * * di·ke·tone ( )dī kē .tōn n a chemical compound containing two ketone groups * * * di·ke·tone (di keґtōn) a ketone containing two carbonyl groups …   Medical dictionary

  • Diketone — Di|ketone   [Kurzwort], organische Verbindungen, die die Ketogruppe CO zweimal im Molekül enthalten (Ketone) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • diketone — n. chemical compound containing two ketones (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • diketone — di·ketone …   English syllables

  • diketone — /daɪˈkitoʊn/ (say duy keetohn) noun a compound containing two CO groups. {di 1 + ketone} …   Australian English dictionary


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